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World Health Organization : Year 1989 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

introduction On a worldwide basis, sexual transmission is the most important route of HIV spread and the Global AIDS Strategy and national AIDS programmes have proposed extensive programmes to prevent sexual transmission of HIV. In this context, information regarding biological factors which may influence the sexual transmission of H N is potentially of great importance for the design and conduct of HIV prevention programmes. STD are priority health problems in many area...

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International Classification of Diseases : 2005 : Communicable Dis...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Schistosomes and soil-transmitted helminths have few rivals in terms of prevalence. They occur throughout the developing world, but are most commonly seen in the poorest communities. WHO estimates that around 2 billion people are currently infected. Of these, some 300 million suffer severe and permanent impairments as a result.

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 1985 ; Issue 92425000...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

L'enseignement postuniversitaire de la santC publique est dispenst au DCpartement de Mtdecine communautaire et d'Epidtmiologie de la Facultt de Mtdecine, University College, Dublin, qui fait partie de 1'UniversitC nationale d'Irlande et re~oit de 1'Etat d'importantes subventions complCtCes par des subventions des autoritks locales et par les droits de scolaritt. La Facultk de medecine est dirigte par un doyen et le Dtpartement de Mtdecine communautaire et d'EpidCmiologie par un professeur .

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European Occupational Health Series : Year 1993; Prevention in Pri...

By: N. Delmotte

Medical Reference Publication

La classification des Planorbidae est, comme chacun sait, trks complexe. Pour l'tlaboration de la prQente liste de rtpartition, nous avons adopt6 avec une rtserve, comme on le verra plus loin, la classification simplifide proposte par Bequaert et Schwetz pour les planorbes du Congo Belge. Cette classification a d'ailleurs Ctt suivie par les auteurs belges dont nous avons consult6 les travaux pour Ctablir la rtpartition gtographique des Planorbidae et des Lymnaeidae au Co...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 1994 ; Issue 92806314...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

The most common and widespread health risk associated with drinking-water is contamination, either directly or indirectly, by human or animal excreta, particularly faeces. If such contamination is recent, and if those responsible for it include carriers of communicable enteric diseases, some of the pathogenic microorganisms that cause these diseases may be present in the water. Drinking the water, or using it in food preparation, may then result in new cases of infection...

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European Occupational Health Series : 1994-97; Prevention in Prima...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

On the basis of published recar& and unpubliriied reportr to WHO, the author revien,s the information available on the ecology of I5 anopheline malaria rectors occurring in oreas of the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region where attack nieasures ore being applied. The information, which is still incomplete, relates chiefly to tlre periodsince 1956, tlre year when the malaria eradication programme in the Region was launched. An attempt is made to evaluate the control measures...

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World Health Organization : Year 2001 ; World Health Organization ...

By: Yasuhiro Suzuki, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

1. Introduction When we consider the role of health technology and pharmaceuticals in public health, a number of critical questions arise: “Children are the future” as everyone says – so why are millions of children’s lives being cut short or blighted by polio, measles and other vaccinepreventable diseases, when cheap and easy interventions, delivered by simple methods, are readily available? Everyone should be able to access essential drugs when they need them to achi...

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World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 192...

By: Health Section of the Secretaríat of the League of Nations

Medical Reference Publication

1. - PREMIERC AS (Articles lere l 2 de la Conuenlion Sanitaire Internationale de 1926). Afrique. -CONGORELGE : Loda, chefferie rle Lenza, par 20 cle latitude norcl et 31° de longitude est, pesle - 1 cas mortel, avec bubori crural, le 24 d6- cernbre. Le cliagnostic a dtd corlfirlnC microscopicpen~ ent ctans la moelle tibiale. Les mcsures ant Ct.6 priscs. (La localitd atteinte se trouve dans la rdgion du lac All~ert Nyanza. Le clernier cas tle peste signal6 dans cette r6gi...

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World Health Organization : World Health Forum, 1996 ; Volume 17 N...

By: N. Meda

Medical Reference Publication

The controbof anaemia among women of reproductive age (15-49 years) is one of the priorities of the Safe Motherhood Initiative. This article presents the results of a study that was carried out to provide some of the information needed for an effective and sustainable programme to control anaemia in women of this age group in Burkina Faso. Iron-deficiency anaemia is the commonest nutritional deficiency worldwide, affecting mainly women and children. Its most serious cons...

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World Health Organization Note for the Press, Year 2005, No. 8: An...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Geneva - Transplantation of animal organs, living cells and tissues into humans is termed xenotransplantation. Recent experiments have shown that the transplantation of organs from genetically modified pigs into baboons can yield moderate to good results and this raises hopes for the future of organ transplantation from pigs to humans. However these, along with existing claims of treatments for diabetes or neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease, are stil...

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Boletn de la Organizacion Mundial de la Salud Recopilacion de Artc...

By: Jane Doherty

Medical Reference Publication

Publications of the World Health Organization enjoy copyright protection in accordance with the provisions of Protocol 2 of the Universal Copyright Convention. Nevertheless, abstracting and other journals may reprint the abstract at the head of articles in the BuNetin of the World Health Organization without requesting authorization. For rights of reproduction or translation of WHO publications, in part or in tofo, application should be made to the Division of Publicatio...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2003 ; Issue 92415908...

By: Miriam Rabkin

Medical Reference Publication

The MTCT-Plus Initiative was conceived in 2001 as a response to the five-point Call to Action on HIV/AIDS issued by Kofi Annan, United Nations Secretary-General. Designed to increase access to HIV/AIDS care and treatment in resource-limited settings, the Initiative built on the dramatic changes that had taken place in the preceding year. Burgeoning political support for HIV/AIDS treatment following the XIII International AIDS conference in Durban, South Africa in 2000 ha...

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World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 198...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

NORWAY- .S ince 1974- 1975 there has been a high incidence of meningocod disease throughout the country.' The incidence continued to increase in Southern Norway until 1980 when there was a fall to 5.3 per 100 000 population. In Northem Norway, the incidence was much higher up to 1979 but, in 1980, the rate fell to 7.4 per 100 000 population. For both parts of the country the estimated incidence rates in 1981 are at about the same level (Table I).

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World Health Organization : Development of Health Services, Smallp...

By: R. V. Aphale, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

Maharashtra State is still regarded as endemic for-smallpox. In the gear 1967, 27 Al cases and 5 113 deaths were reported. Five years later , in 1972, 2 3 cases and 44 deaths have been reported to date. Our vigorous and concerted efforts to effectively control smallpox have certainly yielded some tangible results. At the same time, it has to be conceded that much remains to be done to control a few pockets of infection in some urban areas of the State where foci persist.

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Health Organisation, Malaria Comission; World Health Organization ...

By: C. D. Ramsdale

Medical Reference Publication

The greatly increased requirements of personnel created by the promotion of public health projects, particularly in malaria eradication programmes, i n recent years have stimulated i n t e r e s t in the'development of improved teaching aids. While films are an excellent medium, the demonstration of manual techniques such as mosquito dissections to students of malariology remains indispensible. If the demonstrator were able to interrupt a dissection i n several stages of...

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World Health Organization : Organisation Mondiale de la Sante ; Se...

By: Yoji Obayashi, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

Since the end of the second World War, man] countries have made BCG vaccination a part of their public-health programmes. With the international assistance of the United Nations Children's Fund and the World Health Organization, tens of millions of children have been vaccinated in many dzfferent parts of the world.

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World Health Organization : World Health Forum, 1995 ; Volume 16 N...

By: Zbigniew Bankowski, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

World Health Forum asked Dr Eilif Liisberg to talk to Professor Bankowski, Secretary-General of the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS), about the ethical considerations that have guided the development of medicine and public health, and about their place in today's society.

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World Health Organization : Year 2001 ; Assessment Document, A8602...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Antecedentes Anualmente, millones de vidas se salvan mediante transfusiones sanguíneas. Sin embargo, en la mayoría de los países en vías de desarrollo, muchas personas mueren todavía debido a un suministro inadecuado de sangre y productos sanguíneos. Esto tiene un particular impacto para las mujeres (como consecuencia de complicaciones relacionadas con el embarazo), los niños (desnutrición, malaria y anemia severa que pone en peligro sus vidas), víctimas de accidentes y ...

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World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 195...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Ce Relrve est publiC par 1. Section des Conventions Sanitalres et dc la Quarantaine* de I'Organisation Mondiale de la Santt, qui. en vertu des Accords internationaux signts New-York Ie 22 juillct 1946, remplace les serwces Cp~dtmlolog~ ques de I'OfRce International d'Hvghne Publiq~~dre Paris, de la Sor~ttCd es Natlons et de I'UNRRA Il rtsulte de la fu5ion de leurs pCr~odiques hchdnmadaires et bi-mrnzurls Les notifications relatives aux maladles pestllentielles sont publi...

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European Occupational Health Series : Year 1993; Icp, Infection Pr...

By: Karlovy Vary

Medical Reference Publication

The laboratory rearing of a considerable number of species of PIzIebofonzrrs sandflies has now been carried out in both hemispheres. The degree of success, however, varies with the species. Some are easy to rear and carry on in successive laboratory generations. Others can be easily carried from eggs laid by wild-caught females through the immature stages to the adult, but the reared adults niay feed with great reluctance in the laboratory on any animal, even their norma...

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