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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1982; Volume 60, Numbe...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Smallpox is transferred direct from person to person in a continuing chain of transmission, and there is no recognized animal reservoir of the disease (WHO Expert Coinmittee on Smallpox Eradication, 1972). It is generally believed that a patient is infectious to others from the time the disease is inanifesl. In tracing the sonrce of an infection, therefore, it is usual to look for a smallpox patient from whom the new case might have caught the virus. The household contac...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 2003; Volume 81, Numbe...

By: Margaret Kosek

Medical Reference Publication

Resurgence of sleeping sickness Human African trypanosomiasis, known as sleeping sickness, is a vector-borne parasitic disease. The parasites concerned are protozoa transmitted to humans by tsetse flies found in vegetation by rivers and lakes, gallery-forests and vast stretches of wooded savannah in Africa. Sleeping sickness occurs only in sub-Saharan Africa in regions where tsetse flies are endemic. For reasons not yet known, there are many regions where tsetse flies ar...

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World Health Organization : Regional Office for the Western Pacifi...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

The problem The importance o f the problem was succinctly stated i n the report of the WHO Scientific Group on the Treatment and Disposal of Wastes convened in 1966 .to advise WHO on the planning of a wastes diarposal programme: The disposal of wastes nust take place w i t h i n a closed environment comprising only earth, a i r , and water. When the liquid, solid or gaseous residues from waste treatment are disposed of, they must be discharged into one or more of these p...

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World Health Organization : Year 1990, World Health Organization, ...

By: Michael Gossop

Medical Reference Publication

This report examines the content and structure of methadone treatment programmes in six countries. As such, it forms part of a continuing line of work within Mots programme on the prevention and control of alcohol and drug abuse. Over recent years, WHO has devoted considerable attention to activities related to the treatment of drug dependence. These activities have included an analysis of the nature and effectiveness of treatment policies, a review of legislation relati...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 2004; Volume 82, Numbe...

By: Gerard Antes

Medical Reference Publication

Mr Arun Nanda of the WHO Regional Office for Europe (WHOEURO) and project manager for the European Public Health Information Network for Eastern Europe (EUPHIN-EAST) welcomed the participants on behalf of Dr I.E. Asvall, WHO Regional Director for Europe, to this first international meeting of EUPHIN-EAST

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World Health Organization : Year 1995 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Risurn6 d'orientation D'ici I'an 2000, sur les 30-40 millions de personnes infectees par le VIH que comptera le monde, la moitie seront des femmes, et un tiers de leurs enfants seront kgalement porteurs du virus. Les femmes sont biologiquement plus vulnerables A I'infection B VIH et leur situation d'inferiorite sur le plan social et 6conomique augrnente leur risque d'infection. Un nombre croissant d'adolescentes et de femmes contractent I'infection et cela, un age plus p...

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World Health Organization : Year 1999 ; The Special Programme for ...

By: Louis Levy

Medical Reference Publication

Foreword A few words of explanation appear to be required with respect to this compilation of the seven published papers that resulted fiom the THELEP controlled clinical trials of combined chemotherapy of lepromatous leprosy in Bamako, Mali, and Chingleput, South India. In the course of the trials, the resulting data were received and stored in the order in which they were reported. And, in fact, this was a long process: the first patient was recruited in August 1977 an...

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World Health Organization : Year 1992 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

THIS ILLUSTRATION SHOWS w A tear below the birth canal during child birth. A TBA putting pressure on the perineum with a pad made out of cloth to control bleeding from the tear.

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 229: Expe...

By: N. B, Eddy

Medical Reference Publication

EXPERT COMMITTEE ON ADDICTION-PRODUCING DRUGS Twelfth Report The Expert Committee on Addiction-Producing Drugs met in Geneva from 21-27 November 1961. Dr 0 . V. Baroyan, Assistant Director-General, on behalf of the Director-General, opened the session and welcomed the members of the Committee, the representatives of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, and the representative of the Permanent Central Opium Board and the Drug Supervisory Body. Dr N. B. Eddy was ele...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2003 ; Issue 92425907...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

La pandémie de VIH/SIDA La pandémie du VIH/SIDA est un véritable désastre humain, social et économique dont les conséquences pour les individus, les collectivités et les pays sont incalculables. Aucune autre maladie n’a aussi cruellement mis en lumière les disparités et les inégalités qui existent en matière d’accès aux prestations de santé, d’opportunités économiques et de protection des droits fondamentaux de la personne humaine. A la fin 2002, on estimait à 42 million...

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World Health Organization : Report on a European Syposium Convened...

By: Albert F. Esch, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

auywmop ag eusp uoriesaojur aeIp emg7sLs un,p e3W~d ue wsrm 81 ~a8ssynue cap $a sa.zo,p 'amam wad uo g~loaCq0 re3 ap y~ep-nv 's%uanea?!xpn sap enb~inedeaaq7 a7r.1 -n$qs ap eq?lPm ua sJn3nj swToseq xns eapuodpa mod nhoa TBJ?U~BU wTd un ~ e a o q e ~ ava,j~ 1 9 ~ 7 iuwuaiurwur lawad egTnrnno3s rsurs e ene,nb eouerapdxa,? '~~Bpav3y, uemel?Tdrnoa arnp7sLs tin aneaJodmoo 'saxaTdmo3 snTd svo~awsgdo xns,nbsnC sea ep saTIenprarpvy suofasayar$ou sap luau - e u u o y a ~ ~ep~ ose~...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1990; Volume 68, Numbe...

By: A. J. Zuckerman

Medical Reference Publication

Of the organisms discussed in this article, Campylobacter jejuni and Yersinia enterocolitica have only recently been recognized as important causes of enteric infection, and accordingly the available knowledge on these pathogens is reviewed in full. In the betterknown fields of salmonellosis (including typhoid fever) and sliigellosis, thereview is limited to new and important information that has implications for their control.'

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 443, (Par...

By: P. Dorolle

Medical Reference Publication

Among the anopheline mosquitos, 38 species have developed resistance to. 1 or more insecticide, 36 having developed resistance to dieldrin, 15 to DDT (Table I), and increased tolerance to malathion developed in 1 species. Among the culicine mosquitos 19 have developed resistance, 16 to DDT, 12 to dieldrin, and 9 to organophosphorus compounds (Table 2), with 4 additional isolated cases which will be mentioned later.

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World Health Organization : Year 1987, 11557 - (Chapter 6): Maladi...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

LA MALADIE Nom La maladie de Chagcls, quitire son [om de celuidl - rmsdecin bresilien Carlos Chagas qui en afouraila premiere descriptionen 1909 et en a decouv ertId cause, la pathog6nie et le mode de trdnsmission , este galeaent connue sous le nom de trypanosoniase amsricaine.

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World Health Organization : Year 1998 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

NA

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World Health Assembly and the Executive Board Handbooks : Manual d...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

[ WHAI.131] Considerando que la Fundaci6n Darling fue creada con fondos privados y con el prop6sito de honorar la memoria del Dr S. T. Darling, muerto en accidente durante una misi6n de estudios de la Comisi6n de Paludismo de la Sociedad de Naciones; Considerando que la Fundaci6n Darling tiene por objeto conceder peribdicamente una medalla y un premio a un malari6logo que se haya distinguido particularmente en su trabajo; Considerando que, despuks de la liquidaci6n de la...

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World Health Organization : Year 1995 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

A WHO Workshop on the Application of the Principles of Substantial Equivalence to the Safety Evaluation of Foods or Food Components from Plants Derived by Modern Biotechnology was held in Copenhagen, Denmark, from 31 October to 4 November 1994; the list: of participants is presented in Annex 1. The Workshop was opened by Dr Y. Motarjemi, Scientist, Food Safety Unit, WHO. Dr Motarjemi welcolmed the participants on behalf of the World Health Organfzation.

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World Health Organization : Year 2005 ; The Special Programme for ...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

About the step-by-step guide The skill-building course in Effective project planning and evaluation in biomedical research has been developed by the UNICEF/UNDP/ World Bank/WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR) for biomedical researchers in developing countries. Its aim is to strengthen their skills in the organization and management of research projects so as to achieve effective implementation and successful collaboration and this w...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2006 : A88438 - in En...

By: Ruth Dreifuss

Medical Reference Publication

Our terms of reference made it clear that the focus of our enquiry should be the development of new diagnostics, vaccines and medicines to treat these diseases. But we quickly concluded that innovation was pointless in the absence of favourable conditions for poor people in developing countries to access existing, as well as new, products. The price of medicines is an important factor in determining access, but so also are poverty and the lack of infrastructure for deliv...

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International Classification of Diseases : 2005; World Health Orga...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Reproductive health is fundamental to the social and economic development of communities and nations, and is at the core of human development. In 1994, the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) outlined a Programme of Action that urged the world community to embrace a more holistic and comprehensive approach to reproductive health. In spite of the substantial progress made in the implementation of the Programme of Action of ICPD with respect to re...

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