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National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network (Nnin)

Excerpt: The emerging field of nanoscale science and engineering is leading to unprecedented understanding of, and control over, the basic building blocks and properties of all natural and man-made objects. Advances in nanofabrication, using top-down as well as bottom-up technologies, have afforded the ability to work at the atomic and molecular levels to create large structures with fundamentally new organization and functionality. At the same time, advances in instrume...

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Nuclear Data the Numbers Needed to Design the Bombs

By: Ben C. Diven,

Excerpt: The Los Alamos Laboratory was established in 1943 to investigate whether nuclear weapons were feasible and, if so, to design and fabricate them as soon as possible. It was obvious that this task demanded many new nuclear data. Even the basic fission processes were very poorly known, and most of the interactions of neutrons with nuclei of potential weapon materials were unexplored.

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Crs Report for Congress Received through the Crs Web Iraq : Summar...

By: Hannah Fischer

Excerpt: The following casualty table was compiled by the Department of Defense, as tallied from DOD press releases. Table 1 provides statistics on fatalities during Operation Iraqi Freedom, which began on March 19, 2003, and is ongoing, as well as on the number of fatalities since May 1, 2003, plus statistics on those wounded, but not killed, since March 19, 2003. Statistics may be revised as circumstances are investigated and as all records are processed through the U....

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The Development of Flash Radiography

By: Gregory S. Cunningham

Excerpt: In many ways, flash radiography is to nuclear weapons what medical x-radiography is to the human body: It allows one to see inside a complex structure without disturbing it. Starting in the Manhattan Project and continuing to this day, flash radiography has been used to take stop action pictures of dynamic events: from the detonation of high explosives to the implosion of a mock weapon assembly containing a surrogate material for the nuclear core.

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Fas Public Interest Report Journal of the Federation of American S...

By: Andrew M. Sessler

Excerpt: Secrecy in government is fundamentally incongruous with the ideal of a democratic society. When secrecy extends beyond the bounds that are consensually recognized as necessary to the national well-being- such as protection of personal privacy, trade secrets, and certain limited areas of defense and intelligence- serious abuses can and do result.

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Training Equip Components and Spare Parts

Excerpt: Training Equip Components & Spare Parts...

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Dsca-Foreign Military Sales Detailed Deliveries for Fiscal Year 02

Excerpt: DSAA- Foreign Military Sales Detailed Deliveries For Fiscal Year 02...

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United Nations Security Council

Excerpt: Introduction and salient points // The present report, which is the thirteentha submitted in accordance with paragraph 12 of Security Council resolution 1284 (1999), covers the activities of the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC) during the period from 1 March to 31 May 2003. The present introduction highlights some of the events and experience of the Commission. // During the period under review, the Executive Chairman o...

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Unlocking Our Future: Toward a New National Science Policy

By: F. James Sensenbrenner

Excerpt: The notion of state support for scientific research has existed for centuries; Francis Bacon called for such funding as far back as the early 1600s, and some monarchs and nobles responded to his call. It was not until 1862, however, when the Land Grant Colleges were established, that the United States began to organize and provide federal support for its science and engineering enterprise. Even so, it took until the outbreak of World War II for the Nation to ful...

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A History of Critical Experiments at Pajarito Site

By: H. C. Paxton

Excerpt: This account describes critical and subcritical assemblies operated remotely at the Pajarito Canyon Site at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Earliest assemblies directed exclusively toward the nuclear weapons program, were for safety test= Other weapon-related assemblies provided neutronic information to cheek detailed weapon calculations. Topsy, the first of these critical assemblies was followed by Lady Godiva, Jezebel, Flattop, and ultimately Big Ten. As r...

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Helicopter Supp Equip Spare Parts

Excerpt: Helicopter Supp Equip Spare Parts...

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Hear In before the Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences Un...

By: James J. Gehri

Excerpt: The committee met, pursuant to call, at 10:05 a.m., in room 1202, New Senate Office Building, the Honorable Clinton P. Anderson (chairman) presiding. Present: Senators Anderson, Symington, Stennis, Young, Holland, Smith of Maine, Curtis, Hatfield, Goltlmater, and Saxbe. James J. Gehrig, staff director...

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State-Of-The-Art Parallel Computing

By: Peter S. Lomdahl

Excerpt: The massively parallel architecture requires an entirely new approach to programming. A computation must somehow be divided equally among the hundreds of individual processors and communication between processors must be rapid and kept to a minimum. The incentive to work out these issues was heightened by Gordon Bell, an independent consultant to the computer industry and well-known skeptic of massively parallel machines. Six years ago he initiated a formal comp...

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Crs Issue Brief for Congress Received through the Crs Web Exemptin...

By: Remy Jurenas

Summary: Falling agricultural exports and declining commodity prices led farm groups and agribusiness firms to urge the 106th Congress to pass legislation exempting foods and agricultural commodities from U.S. economic sanctions against certain countries. In completing action on the FY2001 agriculture appropriations bill, Congress codified the lifting of unilateral sanctions on commercial sales of food, agricultural commodities, medicine, and medical products to Iran, Li...

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Crs Report for Congress Received through the Crs Web Liability Iss...

By: Andrew W. Murnane

Excerpt: On February 1, 2003, the Space Shuttle Columbia was lost during its re-entry into Earth’s atmosphere, killing all seven astronauts aboard. Federal and local investigators are searching for Space Shuttle debris along the Columbia’s flight path from California to Texas, where it disintegrated; recovery of debris has been confirmed in Texas and Louisiana. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is accepting claims from individuals who may have suff...

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New Members-Elect

By: Mark Kennedy

Excerpt: State House of Representatives, 1993–2000...

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Plaintiff's Motion to Amend Judgment

By: Steven Aftergood

Excerpt: Plaintiff’s Motion For Reconsideration: Pursuant to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure Rule 59(e), plaintiff pro se Steven Aftergood moves the Court to amend its February 9, 2005 Order that denied the plaintiff=s motion for summary judgment and granted the defendant’s cross-motion. Plaintiff contends that he is entitled to partial summary judgment by the terms of the Court’s Memorandum Opinion.

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The Federal Crime Victim Division

Excerpt: Through its Federal Crime Victims Division (FCVD), the Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) is committed to ensuring that Federal crime victims’ rights are protected and that they receive needed services through initiatives described in this fact sheet. Also, OVC coordinates victim services offered by the Federal Government and other public agencies.

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The Attorney General's Guidelines on General Crimes, Racketeering ...

By: John Ashcroft

Excerpt: As the primary criminal investigative agency in the federal government, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has the authority and responsibility to investigate all criminal violations of federal law that are not exclusively...

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Cyberwarfare

By: Steven A. Hildreth

Background: There is a war being waged in cyberspace today – at least that’s what many in government and the media would have us believe. Former Deputy Secretary of Defense John Hamre testified to Congress, for example, that “you can basically say we are at war.” More recently, President Bush and Defense Secretary Rumsfeld both acknowledged that cyberwarfare is an emerging threat to U.S. national security.

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