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Navy Aircraft Carriers

By: Richard Davis

Excerpt: The Defense Appropriations Act of 1994 Conference Report directed GAO to study the cost-effectiveness of nuclear-powered aircraft carriers. The aircraft carrier forms the building block of the Navy’s forward deployed peacetime presence, crisis response, and war-fighting forces. The nuclear-powered aircraft carrier (CVN) is the most expensive weapon system in the Nation’s arsenal. Pursuant to the Conference Report, GAO (1) compared the relative effectiveness of c...

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European Union's Arms Embargo on China : Implications and Options ...

By: Shirley A. Kan

Summary: The European Union (EU) is considering lifting its arms embargo on China, which was imposed in response to the June 1989 Tiananmen Crackdown. France, Germany, and other EU members claim that the embargo hinders the development of a “strategic partnership” with China. The Bush Administration and Members of Congress strongly oppose an end to the EU’s arms embargo and urge stronger arms export controls. The United States contends that engagement with China need not...

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Future of the Balkans and U. S. Policy Concerns

Summary: The United States, its allies, and local leaders have achieved substantial successes in the Balkans since the mid-1990s. The wars in the region have ended, and all of the countries are undertaking political and economic reforms at home and orienting their foreign policies toward Euro-Atlantic institutions. However, difficult challenges remain, including resolving issues of political status, especially the status of Kosovo; breaking up the power of political-crim...

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U.S. Intelligence and Policymaking: The Iraq Experience

By: Richard A. Best, Jr.

Excerpt: To analyze this issue, it is necessary to understand the role of the Intelligence Community in support of the policymaking process. Intelligence agencies collect information, process, and analyze it; and disseminate analytical products to officials throughout the federal government. Policymakers base their decisions on a wide variety of factors, including available intelligence, but also on their own assessment of the costs and benefits of a course of action (or...

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Crs Report for Congress Received through the Crs Web European View...

By: Kristin Archick

Summary: Managing policy differences on a range of issues emanating from the Middle East poses serious challenges for the United States and its European allies and friends. The most vitriolic dispute has centered on the conflict in Iraq. However, divisions over how best to approach the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict, manage Iran and Syria, and combat terrorism also persist. The Bush Administration and Members of Congress are concerned that continued disagreements b...

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Sec. 502.548 Utilization of Defense Articles and Services

Excerpt: Defense articles and defense services 549 to any country shall be furnished solely for internal security, for legitimate self-defense, to permit the recipient country to participate in regional or collective arrangements or measures consistent with the Charter of the United Nations, or otherwise to permit the recipient country to participate in collective measures requested by the United Nations for the purpose of maintaining or restoring international peace and...

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Critical Foundations Protecting America's Infrastructures

By: Robert T. Marsh

Excerpt: The task given us by the President was daunting. America’s critical infrastructures underpin every aspect of our lives. They are the foundations of our prosperity, enablers of our defense, and the vanguard of our future. They empower every element of our society. There is no more urgent priority than assuring the security, continuity, and availability of our critical infrastructures.

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Memorandum of Understanding (Mou) between the Government Printing ...

By: Bruce R. James

Purpose: The purpose of this agreement is to establish an affiliated relationship between the U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO) with preservation and access responsibilities codified in 44 U.S.C. Chapter 41, and the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) which operates under the authority of 44 U.S.C Chapters 21,29, 3 1, and 33. To implement NARA Directive 150 1, Custody of Federal Records of Archival Value, dated February 28,2003, NARA and GPO agree to ...

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Terrorist Nuclear Attacks on Seaports: Threat and Response

By: Jonathan Medalia

Background: Terrorists have tried to obtain weapons of mass destruction (WMD) -- chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear weapons. While it would probably be more difficult for terrorists to obtain or fabricate a nuclear weapon than other WMD, an attack using a nuclear weapon merits consideration because it would have much higher consequence. U.S. seaports could be targets for terrorist attack. A terrorist Hiroshima-sized nuclear bomb (15 kilotons, the equivalent ...

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Crs Report for Congress Received through the Crs Web Tsunamis : Mo...

By: Wayne A. Morrissey

Summary: Recently, some in Congress have become concerned about the possible vulnerability of U.S. coastal areas to tsunamis, and about the adequacy of early warning for coastal areas of the western Atlantic Ocean. Those concerns stem from the December 26, 2004, tsunami that devastated many coastal areas around the northern Indian Ocean, where few tsunami early warning systems currently operate. Caused by a strong underwater earthquake off the coast of Sumatra, Indonesia...

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Methamphetamine

Background: Methamphetamine, a derivative of amphetamine, is a powerful stimulant that affects the central nervous system. Amphetamines were originally intended for use in nasal decongestants and bronchial inhalers and have limited medical applications, which include the treatment of narcolepsy, weight control, and attention deficit disorder. Methamphetamine can be smoked, snorted, orally ingested, and injected. It is accessible in many different forms and may be identif...

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The Stewardship of Nuclear Weapons

Excerpt: D building was the site of plutonium processing at Los Alamos during World War II. Plutonium was first manufactured in 1941 in cyclotrons. Its material properties were almost completely unknown at the start of the Manhattan Project. Los Alamos scientists were able to determine many of those properties in less than two years.

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National Science Foundation

By: Rita R. Colwell

Excerpt: he National Science Foundation (NSF) invests in a $5 billion portfolio that keeps the nation at the forefront of discovery, learning, and innovation.

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Dsca-Foreign Military Sales Detailed Deliveries for Fiscal Year 02

Excerpt: DSAA- Foreign Military Sales Detailed Deliveries For Fiscal Year 02...

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U.S. Department of State U.S. Agency for International Development...

Excerpt: Public Distribution: • According to a June 13 World Food Program (WFP) report, the June public food distribution (PDS) continues to progress well, with Ministry of Trade (MOT) distributions in all 18 governorates proceeding without hindrance. MOT officials indicated that higher than expected transportation costs have forced some food agents to charge more than the allowed 250 Iraqi dinar per person per ration. In Baghdad, the MOT indicated that 60 percent of foo...

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Federal Trade Commission Public Workshop : Monitoring Software on ...

By: Donald S. Clark

Excerpt: Addresses: Interested parties are invited to submit written comments. Comments should refer to “Spyware Workshop – Comment, P044509,” to facilitate the organization of comments. A comment filed in paper form should include this reference both in the text and on the envelope, and should be mailed or delivered, with two complete copies, to the following address: Federal Trade Commission/Office of the Secretary, Room 159-H (Annex B), 600 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., ...

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For Official Use Only Dsaa- Foreign Military Sales Detailed Delive...

Excerpt: For Offical Use Only DSAA- Foreign Military Sales Detailed Deliveries For Fiscal Year 99...

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State Prevention System Structure and Organization

Excerpt: Structure and Organization: In Nebraska, the Division of Alcoholism, Drug Abuse and Addiction Services (DADAAS) is administratively placed within the Mental Health and Substance Abuse section of the Division of Health and Well Being. This Division falls within the Individual and Community Services Section of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) of the Nebraska Health and Human Services System. DADAAS is the lead State agency combating alcohol and ot...

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Audit Report on the Advanced Radioisotope Power Systems Program

By: Gregory H. Friedman

Excerpt: The Department of Energy's Advanced Radioisotope Power Systems (ARPS) program maintains the sole national capability to produce radioisotope power systems for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the Department of Defense (DOD). The Department's policy is to pay only the cost of maintaining the capability to produce the power systems, and to recover mission-specific development and hardware costs from NASA and DOD. In Fiscal Year (FY) 200...

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Air Force Glossary

By: Bentley B. Rayburn

Excerpt: Warfighters require a common lexicon of unique military terms essential to explaining, understanding, and writing doctrine. This common lexicon, reached by familiar definitions, is fundamental to conducting efficient and effective air and space operations. With this perspective in mind, the Air Force Glossary has been developed...

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