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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2004 ; Issue 92415923...

By: Kenji Shibuya

Medical Reference Publication

Poliovirus is an enterovirus in the family of Picornaviridae and consists of three antigenic types, 1, 2, and 3. All three types cause paralysis and the poliomyelitis vaccine is intended to be antigenic for all of these. Poliovirus type 1 causes paralysis most often and is responsible for most epidemics in unvaccinated populations (Assaad & Ljungars-Esteves 1984, Sen, Sharma & Sarthanam 1985, Kadi et al. 1988, Khare et al. 1991). Some outbreaks due to poliovirus type 1 h...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2005 ; Issue 92435457...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

La tecnología moderna ofrece herramientas poderosas para estimular todo un conjunto de beneficios para la sociedad, adicionalmente al desarrollo económico. Sin embargo, el progreso tecnológico en el sentido más amplio siempre ha sido asociado con riesgos y peligros, tanto percibidos como reales. Las aplicaciones industriales, comerciales y en el hogar de los CEM no son la excepción. A principios del siglo XX las personas se preocuparon por los posibles efectos en la salu...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 707 - in ...

By: J. F. Finklea

Medical Reference Publication

Un Groupe d'ktude de 1'OMS sur les limites recommandkes en vue de protkger la santk des personnes professionnellement exposkes a certaines substances irritantes pour les voies respiratoires s'est rtuni B Genkve, du 14 au 20 juin 1983. Aprks avoir ouvert la reunion au nom du Directeur general de I'OMS, le Dr M.A. El-Batawi, Medecin chef au Bureau de la Mkdecine du Travail, a precise que le Groupe d'ktude avait pour principale mission de formuler des limites d'exposition p...

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World Health Organization : Regional Office for the Western Pacifi...

By: Gregory J. Dever, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

Convening a meeting of experts on postgraduate medical education for the Pacific was one of the urgent recommendations contained in the Yanuca Island Declaration of 10 March 1995. In this broad statement of strategy, the Ministers and Directors of Health from the island countries in the Pacific adopted a multisectoral and interdisciplinary approach to the delivery of health care services for the balance of the 1990s and in anticipation of health needs during the first de...

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Health Organisation, Malaria Comission; World Health Organization ...

By: Juvenal de Almeida Filho

Medical Reference Publication

The lack of a simple, r e l i a b l e urine assay for sulfonamides has ' l e d ENGLISH ONLY . (avec r6sum6 en fransais) to d i f f i c u l t i e s in the i n t e r p r e t a t i o n of in v i t r o and in vivo t e s t s for the assessment of drug s e n s i t i v i t y of Plasmodium falciparum i n p a t i e n t s who had received unknown medication before the t e s t . There i s a simple urine assay for 4-aminoquinolines (Lelijveld & Kortmann, 1970), but the increasing us...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 411: Comp...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTION The control of American and African trypanosomiasis involves considerable difficulties, particularly the continental dimensions of the problem, the large numbers of people exposed to the risk of infection, and the lack of a single inexpensive method of mass control that is effective in all epidemiological conditions. The areas principally affected by the diseases are the developing countries, which are unable to use some of the measures that have been develo...

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World Health Organization : Regional Office for the Western Pacifi...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

1. STATLTS OF COUM'RIES ON NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PUNNING A questionnaire on the current situation in national health planning was sent to the governants of seventeen countries/territories in the WHO Western Pacific Region. Fifteen countries/territories replied, giving a response rate of 88.2% (15 out of 17). Thirteen reported the existence of national developnent planning: Fiji. Fuam. Japan, Iaos, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Fhi1ippfnes, Republic of Korea. Re...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1998; Supplement Issue...

By: Ralph H. Henderson

Medical Reference Publication

Introduction Trachoma is caused by the recurrent, chronic infection of the eye with Chlamydia trachomatis serotypes A, B, Ba or C, and progresses from inflammation to conjunctival scarring, lid deformities, corneal abrasion and visual impairment. It is the most common infectious cause of blindness, and is responsible for an estimated 15% of global blindness (1). Active trachoma affects an estimated 150 million people (2), and about 5.5 million are blind as a consequence ...

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Public Health Publication : World Health Organization ; (Php) Publ...

By: Mary D. Ainsworth

Medical Reference Publication

La OMS publicd en 1951 la monografa de Bowlby Los cuidados maternos y la salud mental (traducida a1 espaiiol en 1954),l que obtuvo inmediatamente un h i t o notable, como muestran sus diversas reimpresiones, su traduccidn a muchos idiomas y su acogida en todas partes como ma aportacidn ejemplar a1 tema. En su monografia, Bowlby llegd a la conclusidn de que una larga privacidn de 10s cuidados maternos puede tener sobre el cardcter - y por tanto sobre el porvenir - del nii...

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World Health Organization : Year 2001 ; World Health Organization,...

By: Florence Baingana

Medical Reference Publication

Introduction 1 .I Background This meeting on mental health financing is part of a broader project dealing with the development of an evidence-based guidance package for policy makers. WHO started thinking about the project well over one year ago, in response to a number of challenges: Countries rarely have mental health policies and plans, and when they do, they are often poorly implemented. Policy makers and planners are often frustrated with a lack of information for m...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 830 - in ...

By: F. Abdel Wahab

Medical Reference Publication

Introduccion Del 8 a1 15 de noviembre de 199 1 se reunid en Ginebra el ComitC de Expertos de la OMS en la Lucha contra la Esquistosomiasis. El Dr. R. H. Henderson, Subdirector General, abri6 la reunidn en nombre del Director General. En la reuni6n de 1984, el ComitC hizo suya una estrategia para el control de la morbilidad por esquistosomiasis (1). Durante 10s 6ltimos siete afios, esta estrategia ha demostrado ser f~ctibley eficaz. La OMS ha puesto de relieve en forma cr...

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Health Organisation, Malaria Comission; World Health Organization ...

By: F. Kuhlow

Medical Reference Publication

Experimental huts designed to control the ingress and egress of mosquitos have been widely used for studies on their behaviour inside houses and for investigations on the effect of insecticidal residues in treated houses on naturally-ente~ing mosquitos. This technique was established by Muirhead-Thomson (1947) and proved t o give very valuable idormation. However, i n some l o c a l i t i e s such studies have been badly impaired by ants, which entered the experimental h...

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World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 194...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

EXTRAITS DES RENSEIGNEMENTS RECUEILLIS PAR LA SECTION D'HYGIBNE DU SECRBTARIAT DE LA SOCIETS DES NATIONS EXTRACTS FROM INFORMATION RECEIVED BY THE HEALTH SECTION OF THE SECRETARIAT OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS

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World Health Organization : Year 1991, World Health Organization, ...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

A I'approche de la fin du vingti6me siGcle, nous now devons de Y66valuer I1t?cartq ui seare nos intentions de la n?alitt?L. espmbl&nes desantt?d es annt?es9 0 nepoumnt 6tre Y6solus scipaY6rnent. Ils sont inexhjcablement lit3 au &eloppement et a IJ&quitseo ciale. Tous nos effom d m n tt endre a combler le gouffre de la pauwett? entre et duns la pays. C'est seulement ainsi que nouspoumns voirse &alW nos aspirations d la pa& et d la qualitt? de la vie, maintenant etpour les...

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World Health Organization : (Emro) Regional Office for the Eastern...

By: D. I. H. Simpson, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

Although the species of schistosomes that infect man are similar in their basic life cycles, they differ in the morphology of the adults and in the shape of the eggs and of the larvae that hatch from the eggs. They also show marked differences in their infectivity to the particular groups of snails that they use as intermediate hosts and in their infectivity to other mammalian hosts.

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World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 197...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

An account of two outbreaks of haemrrhagie fever due to Ebola virus was given in the previous issue of the Weekly Epidemiological Record together with extracts from a report of a consultative group which reviewed the experience acquired during the outbreaks. The following recomnzendations arose from this consultation.

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World Health Organization : Report on a European Syposium Convened...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Welcoming addresses were given by the Dean of t h e Faculty of Medicine, Ilr Ihavi. Boonclroti, followed hy the Rector of the Mahidol Univerqi t y , P r o f e s s o r Natth Rha~saraprsv-iti. Dr Prakorb Tuchinda, Under-Secretary of S t a t e f o r Public Health and D r Nadd~ Sriyahhoyn, Director-General, Department of Communicable Diseases Control addressing t h c meeting mentioned t h a t denguc haemorrhagic fever (DHF) and Japanese E n c e p h a l i t i s (JE) a r e maj...

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World Health Organization : Regioinal Office for Africa ; Year 199...

By: C. Bouramoue

Medical Reference Publication

During the period of the study, a number of medicines were transferred from prescription-only to over-the-counter status. In all cases, the interviewer met with very interested and positive attitudes. All interviews were carried out in an openminded and friendly atmosphere. The individual interviews lasted from a few minutes to several hours. A record of each interview was kept either on tape or in writing. Two colleagues, who have been helpful far beyond what could reas...

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World Health Organization : Year 1999 ; World Health Organization,...

By: Tord Kjellstrom

Medical Reference Publication

Acknowledgements This text was developed under the auspices of the former Office of Global and Integrated Environmental Health of the World Health Organization (WHO). Financial and other assistance was provided by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). Although not formally on the editorial committee, the following individuals made substantial contributions to the editorial process: Carlos CorvalAn Eugene Schwartz Colin Soskolne Jacqueline Sawyer of ...

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World Health Organization : Press Release, Year 2002 ; Press Relea...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Barcelone, 9 juillet 2002 - En reponse au besoin urgent de renforcer I'acces aux traitements du VIHISIDA, la Societe internationale contre le SlDA s'est jointe a Itorganisation mondiale de la Sante (OMS) tors de la XIVe Conference internationale sur le SlDA pour lancer officiellement les nouvelles directives internationales en matiere de riposte de la sante publique et de traitement du SlDA dans les milieux defavorises.

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