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World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 198...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

AUSTRALIA. - The use of antibiotics for the treatment of diarrhoeal disease is controversial. The Australian National Health and Medical Research Council has recently commended the following policies in an attempt to rationalize the attitude of medical practitioners on this issue.' Introduction. Diarrhoea is a common symptom of many noninfective diseases, and sometimes ~t may be prominent in infections which pnmarlly do not affect the bowel, e.g. malaria. It is also a fr...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1979; Volume 57, Numbe...

By: Mamoru Suzuki

Medical Reference Publication

Drug abuse requires intensive international collaboration, particularly between neighbouring countries. The political, social ,and economic changes taking place in the eastern pait of the WHO European Region have also led to the reorhtation of policies and programmes on dmg abuse. Policy advisets from cenual European wunbies were invited to a woMop to discuss *cent changes in national drug abuse policies and how to make rhem kner known to neighbowing couhes. The particip...

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World Health Organization : Organisation Mondiale de la Sante ; Ye...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

S Y N O P S I S That t h s r e i s d i r e i~eed for izformation on pub1 i c h e a l t h cannot be denied. The p u b i i c has a r i g h t t o know. I t i s e n t i t l e d t o receive such information* whether through the press o r v i a radio and t e l e v i s i o n . But u n f o r t u n a t e l y only rninilte space or- time i s a l l o t t e d i o t h i s a l l - i m p o r t a n t t o p i c .

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1979; Volume 57, Numbe...

By: Herta Wulff

Medical Reference Publication

During the past decade alcohol consumption has remained relatively stable in some countries (such as Finland) while in others (France, for example) it has declined. Despite this variation in recent national trends, however, alcohol misuse presents huge health, social and legal problems throughout most of Europe and in many Third World countries in which, until recently, alcohol use was not common. Alcohol is by far the most widely usedpsychoactive (mind-altering) drug in...

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European Occupational Health Series : 1994-97; Prevention in Prima...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

In recent years classical cholera, caused by Vibrio cholerae, has remained limited in the Indo- Pakistan subcontinent, whereas cholera El Tor, caused by Vibrio El Tor, has been spreading widely in the Western Pacific and south and south-east Asia. Since 1963, cholera El Tor has entered areas in the Indo-Pakistan subcontinent infected by V. cholerae. It was observed (Mukerjee et al., 1965) that, in many of the areas where both types of infection had been present, cases du...

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World Health Organization : (Emro) Regional Office for the Eastern...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Acute respiratory infections (ARI) are respons~blef or about 4 million deaths annually in children under 5 years of age (I). Most cases of ARI involve the upper respiratory tract and are mild and self-limiting: however, in developing countries the mortality rate from acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI). principally pneumonia, is approximately 10-50 times higher than in developed countries (2).

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World Health Organization : Press Release, Year 2007 : Press Relea...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

GENEVE/SINGAPOUR -- Des dirigeants politiques, des repr6sentants du monde des affaires et des faiseurs d'opinion se r6uniront d Singapour le 2 avril pour participer d un d6bat mondial sur la n6cessit6 urgente d'am6liorer la s6curit6 sanitaire internationale. Ce d6bat de haut niveau, organis6 par I'Organisation mondiale de la Sant6 (OMS) et le gouvemement de Singapour, lancera la Journ6e mondiale de la Sant6 2007, dont le thdme est pr6cis6ment la s6curit6 sanitaire intern...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 1981 ; Family Formati...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

The collaborative study reported in this volume was designed to examine, in several developing countries, the health risks associated with certain patterns of family formation, including the number and spacing of pregnancies, maternal age, birth order, and family size. The possibility that such patterns may have been influenced by child loss was also examined and the opinions of the interviewed women on family formation and birth control were ascertained. Still another p...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 622: The ...

By: F. F. Kao

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTION A WHO Meeting on the Promotion and Development of Traditional Medicine was held in Geneva from 28 November to 2 December 1977. Dr Ch'en Wen-chieh, Assistant Director-General and Chairman of the Headquarters Working Group on Traditional Medicine, opened the ineeting on behalf of the Director-General. He stated that the consultation had been convened in response to the considerable interest evinced in traditional medicine, which had also been expressed in reso...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1949; Volume 2, Number...

By: D. A. Messinezy, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

Structure of the Virus The picture emerging as a result of studies of the ultrastructure of viruses in general is, in the main, a uniform one. Nucleic acid and protein have been identified as essential components of all viruses so far studied. Irrespective of whether the nucleic acid is of the ribose or the desoxyribose type, it seems to be localized to the interior of the virus particle, in the spherical or near-spherical viruses forming a sort of nucleus, covered by a ...

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World Health Organization : (Emro) Regional Office for the Eastern...

By: Muhammad Haytham A1 Khayat, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

TABLE 1.ANNUAL RISK OF TUBECULOUS INFECTION IN DEVELOPLNG COUNTRIES BASED ON TUBERCULIN SURVEYS

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1977; Volume 55, Numbe...

By: I. W. Sherman

Medical Reference Publication

Influenza has long been recognized as a problem in both developed and developing countries. Recurring epidemics are known to have many consequences among the different populations of the world; these include a high frequency of morbidity that disrupts work in schools, the public services and elsewhere, as well as other activities. During major epidemics it causes large numbers of persons to require medical treatment or hospitalization. In the developed countries influenz...

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World Health Organization : Year 1985-86, Nutrition, Issue 85.10: ...

By: Michael S. Krame

Medical Reference Publication

PREFACE This bibliography concerns 43 factors (or groups of factors) that have been studied from 1970 to 1984 as possible determinants of intrauterine growth or gestational duration. The references formed the basis of a Methodologic Assessment and Synthesis that has been published separately and is available from the Nutrition Unit or Maternal and Child Health Unit, World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland. Each of the cited references contains original dat...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 102 - in ...

By: G. Joachimoglu

Medical Reference Publication

COMITE D'EXPERTS DES DROGUES SUSCEPTIBLES D'ENGENDRER LA TOXICOMANIE Sixieme rapport * Le Cornit6 d'experts des Drogues susceptibles d'engendrer la Toxicomanie a tenu sa sixiBme session a Genkve, du 24 au 29 octobre 1955. Au nom du Directeur gtnQal, le Sous-Directeur g6nCral chargC du Dtpartement des Services techniques centraux a ouvert la session. Aprks avoir souhait6 la bienvenue aux participants, il a mentionnC les points de l'ordre du jour qui reflktent les responsa...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1998; Volume 76, Numbe...

By: E. Gomes Do Espirito Santo

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTION of the snail intermediate host, Bulinus truncatus, from the area free of human infection. The limiting It has long been known from the literature factors for the colonization of B. truncatus south (Sturrock, 1899) and by the local health officials of of Basra have been considered to be the tidal effects Iraq that vesicular bilharziasis occurs in the Ashar the Persian ~ ~(Stulrrofck, 1899), and sudden and Khandak vicinity of Basra, but south of these saline i...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1957; Volume 17, Numbe...

By: Nathan B, Eddy, M. D.

Medical Reference Publication

Works on the field of study that is concerned with the pedagogy of teaching and learning. Also works on educators, elementary education, foreign study, home schooling, parents' and teachers' associations, postsecondary education, schools, secondary education, and students.

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Statement, Year 2004 - Statement, World Health Organization, No. 6...

By: Marie Paul Kieny

Medical Reference Publication

Geneva - The World Health Organization (WHO) welcomes the results of a clinical trial demonstrating that a candidate malaria vaccine has conferred protection in young children in Africa and comments as follows: Dr Marie-Paule Kieny, Director, Initiative for Vaccine Research (IVR), WHO: The results of this trial indicate that an effective vaccine against malaria that could potentially save the lives of millions of children is possible. While much more work on this vaccine...

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World Health Organization : (Emro) Regional Office for the Eastern...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

This meeting was the third in a series of consultations on the use of the ATc/DDD system for cost-containment measures. I ' The first of these consultations was held in Copenhagen on 5-6 October 1989 and the second took place in Olso on 14 December 1990. I The aim of the third consultation was to: identify similarities and differences between the ATC classification system and the Dutch Medicines Reimbursement System (MRS); . decide on recomendations for the use of the AT...

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World Health Organization : World Health Assembly ; Year 2003, 56T...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

La Cinquante-Sixième Assemblée mondiale de la Santé, Ayant examiné le troisième rapport du Comité de l’Administration, du Budget et des Finances du Conseil exécutif à la Cinquante-Sixième Assemblée mondiale de la Santé sur les Membres redevables d’arriérés de contributions dans une mesure qui justifierait l’application de l’article 7 de la Constitution ;1 Notant qu’à la date de l’ouverture de la Cinquante-Sixième Assemblée mondiale de la Santé, le droit de vote de l’Afgh...

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The United Nations Joint Programme on Hiv-Aids (Unaids) : Year 200...

By: Noerine Kaleeba

Medical Reference Publication

Scaling up AIDS efforts in Africa is crucial, and requires the participation of all social and economic sectors. As frequently noted at the 2001 International Conference on AIDS in Africa, scaling down disease can only take place by scaling up resources. One abundant and relatively untapped resource for an expanded response to the AIDS epidemic is the traditional sector. In Africa, pioneer programmes and empowered communities have demonstrated to the world the importance...

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