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Health Organisation, Malaria Comission; World Health Organization ...

By: M. T. Gillies, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

Introduction In certain parts of Africa, notably Swaziland and Southern Rhodesia, the application of residual insecticides to houses has led t o an apparent change in behaviour of the main vector of malaria, Anopheles gambiae Giles, from resting indoors and biting man to r e ~ t i n go utdoors and feeding on c a t t l e or other animals. Two explanations have been advanced for this situation: (a) that two sibling species of the A. gambiae complex may originally have been...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 142: Expe...

By: N. B, Eddy

Medical Reference Publication

EXPERT COMMITTEE ON ADDICTION-PRODUCING DRUGS Eighth Report * * The Expert Committee on Addiction-Producing Drugs met in Geneva from 14 to 19 October 1957. The Deputy Director-General on behalf of the Director-General of the World Health Organization opened the session and welcomed the members of the Committee, the representatives of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, and the representative of the Permanent Central Opium Board and Drug Supervisory Body. Dr K. B...

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World Health Organization : Organisation Mondiale de la Sante ; Se...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Toxin Production Dealing with the cholera problem at a conference held in 1884 at Berlin Koch considered this disease essentially as a toxicosis, caused by a poison which the causative organisms excreted. However, the experimental evidence soon procured b). some workers was not in favour of the presence of such an exotoxin. Thus Nicati & Rietsch (1884), the pioneers in this field, found the filtrates of young broth cultures of Vibrio cholerae incapable of producing sig...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1983; Volume 61, Numbe...

By: R. J. Wood

Medical Reference Publication

Adequate immunization with an adsorbed tetanus toxoid during pregnancy has been shown to protect infants from neonatal tetanus (1, 2). In many areas where tetanus neonatorum is widespread, malaria is endemic, but it isnot known whether malanaor other parasitic iniect~ons occurring during pregnancy influence the maternal response to tetanus immunization. A diminished response to tetanus immunization has been reported in adults with onchocerciasis (3) and tuberculosis (4) ...

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World Health Organization : Year 1990, World Health Organization, ...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

The WHO Recommended C l a s s i f i c a t i o n of P e s t i c i d e s by Hazard was approved by t h e 28th World Health Assembly i n 1975 and has s i n c e gained wide acceptance. When it was p u b l i s h e d i n t h e WHO Chronicle, 9,39 7-401 (1975), an annex, which was not p a r t of t h e C l a s s i f i c a t i o n , i l l u s t r a t e d its use by l i s t i n g examples of c l a s s i f i c a t i o n of some p e s t i c l d a l a c t i v e i n g r e d i e n t s ...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1995; Volume 73, Numbe...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

The meerlng of the NGO/WHO C o l l a b o r a t i v e Group on Aging was held i n Geneva on 14 May 1984 during the Thirty-seventh Session of the World Health Assembly. Representatives o t 26 nongovernmental o r g a n i z a t i o n s (NGOs) and one agency of t h e United Nations' family ( l n t e r n a t l o n a l i,abour Organization) p a r t i c i p a t e d i n t h i s meeting (Annex 4 ) , which was j o i n t l y organized by a member of s t a f f of en a s s o c i a t e...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1983; Volume 61, Numbe...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

The second Meeting on health Statistics was held in geneva From 25- to 29 October 1976 under the joint auspices of the Regional Offica for Europe of the Worls Helath Organization and the Conference of European Statisticians

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World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 194...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

EXTRAITS DES RENSEIGNEMENTS RECUEILLIS PAR LA SECTION D'HYGIBNE DU SECRBTARIAT DE LA SOCIETS DES NATIONS EXTRACTS FROM INFORMATION RECEIVED BY THE HEALTH SECTION OF THE SECRETARIAT OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS

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The United Nations Joint Programme on Hiv-Aids (Unaids) : Year 200...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

More than 1.7 million [1.3 million–2.2 million] million people are living with HIV in Latin America. In 2004, around 95 000 [73 000–120 000] people died of AIDS, and 240 000 [170 000–430 000] were newly infected. Among young people 15–24 years of age, an estimated 0.5% [0.4–0.9%] of women and 0.8% [0.6–1.3%] of men were living with HIV at the end of 2004. Two countries in this region—Guatemala and Honduras—have national adult HIV prevalence of over 1%. But lower prevalen...

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World Health Organization : Year 1994 ; Prevention in Primary Care...

By: Richard

Medical Reference Publication

Recommendations summarized in the following tables are confined to the health risks and target diseases that have been discussed in this book. Even though their importance in deserving the primary care provider's attention is fully appreciated, other health hazards and conditions, particularly in childhood (such as infectious diseases, mental and physical developmental disorders, and visual and hearing impairments), in adolescence (such as promiscuous sexual behaviour, u...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2006 ; Issue 92415939...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Food markets vary greatly from country to country and even from province to province, depending on the local culture, socioeconomic conditions, food varieties and dietary preferences. However, all food markets should have one major thing in common – they should provide the community with safe and nutritious food. This essential function is at the centre of the World Health Organization’s Healthy Food Markets initiative. Given the differences among markets, the implementa...

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World Health Organization : Report on a European Syposium Convened...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

9.1 Introduction Salmonella are micro-organisms which are relative1.y sensitive to physical and chemical changes in their environment. Consequently their numbers in foods can be reduced by comparatively moderate treatments with heat, chemicals, radiation or other well-known means used for decreasing the load of micro-organisms. In a Salmonella prevention and control programme such decontamination procedures have to be combined with other preventive measures. These includ...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1999; Volume 77, Numbe...

By: N. Jha

Medical Reference Publication

Although the spread of rabies virus from the central nervous system of infected animals to the peripheral nerves was documented at an early date, the pathway of virus from the site of exposure to the brain has remained a controversial matter at least since the days of Pasteur (1889). As is evident from the reviews by Habel(1941), Webster (1942), Hutyra, Marek & Manninger (1946), Lkpine (1948) and Burnet (1960), some believed that rabies virus passes from the infected wou...

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World Health Organization : Regional Office for the Western Pacifi...

By: Y. H. Paik, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

Introduction The improvement of the level of health of individuals and co~mnunlc I es has been closely correlated with research on the causes of diseases and the development of,curacive and preventive treatment. 1leal.th rcsc3;ir.cl~ is therefore an essential cool for health prumotlon and rcctrivcd s p c c l ; i l mention in the Conseitution of World Health Organizarion whicl~ stipul,ates in particular that the Organization shall promote and .@ conduct research in the fl...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 2006; Volume 84, Numbe...

By: Tom M. Chiller

Medical Reference Publication

The present publication is the result of several activities cam'ed out by the WHO Regional Office for Europe as part of its long-term mental health programme covering the period 1970-1983. The first of these was a Working Group on Data Collection and Classification in Psychogeriatric Services, which was held in Tubingen in 1971 to prepare a study on psychogeriatric services in Europe. The preliminay results of this study were presented at a Symposium on the Prevention of...

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World Health Organization : Regional Office for the Western Pacifi...

By: Deborah Burgess, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

Early, rapid diagnosis of malaria is gaining increasing importance in health programmes in endemic countries in response to increasing drug costs and recognition of the importance of early, correct treatment to the reduction in malaria morbidity and mortality. Blood-based diagnosis using lateral-flow immunochromatographic tests, commonly called rapid diagnostics tests (RDTs), offers great promise in extending rapid diagnosis to areas where traditional microscopy diagnosi...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 886, (P12...

By: Missing Page

Medical Reference Publication

Missing page

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1964; Volume 30, Numbe...

By: C. L. Wisseman, Jr.

Medical Reference Publication

Increasing awareness of the significance of influenravirus neuraminidase and antibody to it prompted the recent proposal of a standard method for determining neuraminidase activity and neuraminidase inhibition (NI) antibody titres (1).

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Health Organisation, Malaria Comission; World Health Organization ...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Qans son septieme rapport (1956)~ l e Cornit6 dferrperts dee Insecticides e re,commandd La diffusion d'une m6thode d'gpreuve pernettant, de rnesurer l e degr6 de r6aistance des larves de mpustique. Cette dthode, r6sude par Brown (195~)~ denait Qtre l a synthbee des mdthbiles en vigueur* Une technique provisoire a 4k$ Blaborde en consdquence aveo les conse,ils du Dr 3. R. Busvine e t du D r R. W. Fay e t 28 ndcesaaires d'6preuve ont Bt6 dietribu6s h df4minents exp6rimenta...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1981; Volume 59, Numbe...

By: K. Y. Chu

Medical Reference Publication

Depuis la parution en 1984 du premier rapport de ce Groupe de travail (1). on a obtenu une quantlti considerable de renseignements sur le spectre des cons6quences cliniques de l'infection par le vlrus de l'immunodeficience humaine (VIH) et sur les anomalies immunologiques sous-jacentes. Les effcts cytopathogknes du virus sur le systkme immunitaire, les micanismes conduisant B une immunodeficience grave, et les facteurs ~mmunologiques qul predisposent i l'infection par le...

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