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Resolving Conflicts Over Trans-boundary Rivers Using Bankruptcy Me...

By: S. Morid; K. Madani; M. Zarezadeh

Description: Department of Water Resources Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran. A bankruptcy approach is proposed for resolving trans-boundary rivers conflicts in which the total water demand or claim of the riparian parties is more than the available water. Bankruptcy solution methods can allocate the available water to the conflicting parties with respect to their claims. Four bankruptcy rules are used here to allocate the available water to...

Ansink, E. and Ruijs, A.: Climate change and the stability of water allocation agreements, Environ. Resour. Econ., 41, 249–266, 2008.; Ansink, E. and Weikard, H. P.: Sequential sharing rules for river sharing problems, Soc. Choice Welf., 38, 187–210, 2012.; Aumann, R. J. and Maschler, M.: Game theoretic analysis of a bankruptcy problem from the Talmud, J. Economic Theory, 36, 195–213, 1985.; Curiel, I. J., Maschler, M., and Tijs, S. H.: Bankruptcy game, Zeitschrift für O...

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Statistical and Trend Analysis of Water Quality and Quantity Data ...

By: D. M. Papamichail; K. A. Mitsiou; V. Z. Antonopoulos

Description: Depart. of Hydraulics, Soil Science and Agricultural Engineering, School of Agriculture, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54006 Thessaloniki, Greece.. Strymon is a transboundary river of Greece, Bulgaria and Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) in southeastern Europe. Water quality parameters and the discharge have been monitored each month just 10 km downstream of the river’s entry into Greece. The data of nine water quality variables (T,...

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Socio-hydrologic Modeling to Understand and Mediate the Competitio...

By: H. H. G. Savenije; M. Sivapalan; S. Pande; Z. Li; A. Chanan; J. Kandasamy; T. H. M. Van Emmerik; S. Vigneswaran

Description: Department of Water Management, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Delft University of Technology, Delft, the Netherlands. Competition for water between humans and ecosystems is set to become a flash point in the coming decades in many parts of the world. An entirely new and comprehensive quantitative framework is needed to establish a holistic understanding of that competition, thereby enabling the development of effective mediation strategie...

ABC: Australian Broadcasting Commission: Angry crowd burns copy of Murray-Darling report, available at: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2010-10-13/angry-crowd-burns-copy-of-murray-darling-report/2296638 (last access: February 2014), 2010.; ABS: Australian Yearbook, Australian Bureau of Statistics, available at: http://www.ab...

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Near–surface Air Temperature and Snow Skin Temperature Comparison ...

By: Y. Yu; J. Muñoz; T. Lakhankar; P. Romanov; C. L. Pérez Díaz; R. Khanbilvardi

Description: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration-Cooperative Remote Sensing Science and Technology (NOAA-CREST) Center, The City College of New York, New York, NY 10031, USA. Land Surface Temperature (LST) is a key variable (commonly studied to understand the hydrological cycle) that helps drive the energy balance and water exchange between the Earth's surface and its atmosphere. One observable constituent of much importance in the land surface wa...

Benali, A., Carvalho, A. C., Nunes, J. P., Carvalhais, N., and Santos, A.: Estimating air surface temperature in Portugal using MODIS LST data, Remote Sens. Environ., 124, 108–121, 2012.; Chen, C., Lakhankar, T., Romanov, P., Helfrich, S., Powell, A., and Khanbilvardi, R.: Validation of NOAA-Interactive Multisensor Snow and Ice Mapping System (IMS) by comparison with ground-based measurements over continental United States, Remote Sens., 4, 1134–1145, doi:

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Comparison of Four Models Simulating Phosphorus Dynamics in Lake V...

By: B. C. Pers; M. Dahl

Description: Department of Chemical Engineering, Karlstad University, SE-651 88 Karlstad, Sweden. This paper compares four water quality models applied to Lake Vänern, Sweden. The comparison is focused on phosphorus, the primary limiting nutrient in Lake Vänern. Two of the models, FYRISÅ and HBV­NP, are simple and were developed as parts of catchment models. Two other models, called LEEDS and BIOLA, are more comprehensive lake models. The models were calibrated u...

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Preamble Water and Chemical Fluxes Through Catchments : Volume 9, ...

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The Origin of Summer Monsoon Rainfall at New Delhi by Deuterium Ex...

By: Zhonglin Zhang; Aigang Lu; Yuanqing He; Juan Gu; Hongxi Pang

Description: Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Science, Lanzhou 730000, China. The deuterium excess in summer monsoon precipitation, determined from isotopic measurements(δ18O and <δD) at New Delhi, has been shown to be correlated, negatively, with relative humidity at the 1000 hPa level over the western Arabian Sea. Furthermore, summer rainfall in north-western India is correlated, posit...

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Use of Envisat Asar Global Monitoring Mode to Complement Optical D...

By: D. Gillieson; M. Leblanc; D. O'Grady

Description: School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, James Cook University, 14–88 McGregor Road, Smithfield, QLD 4878, Australia. Envisat ASAR Global Monitoring Mode (GM) data are used to produce maps of the extent of the flooding in Pakistan which are made available to the rapid response effort within 24 h of acquisition. The high temporal frequency and independence of the data from cloud-free skies makes GM data a viable tool for mapping flood water...

Bader, J.-C., Lemoalle, J., and Leblanc, M.: Modèle hydrologique du Lac Tchad, Hydrolog. Sci. J., 56, 411–425, 2011.; Alsdorf, D., Rodriguez, E., and Lettenmaier, D.: Measuring surface water from space, Rev. Geophys., 45, 1–24, 2007.; Alpers, W.: Theory of radar imaging of internal waves, Nature, 314, 245–247, 1985.; Ashraf, M. and Majeed, A.: Water requirements of major crops for different agro-climatic zones of Balochistan, vol. vii, The World Conservation Union (IUCN)...

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Digital Terrain Analysis of the Haute-mentue Catchment an Scale Ef...

By: C. Higy; A. Musy

Description: Soil and Water Management Institute, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland. It is widely recognised that topography plays an important role in the generation of runoff. The scale of a digital elevation model has been found to have some impacts on the results of hydrological modelling in several studies. In particular it has been shown that the representation of the statistical distribution of the topographic inde...

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Evaluation of the Satellite-based Global Flood Detection System fo...

By: J. Thielen; P. Salamon; T. De Groeve; G. R. Brakenridge; B. Revilla-romero

Description: European Commission Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy. One of the main challenges for global hydrological modelling is the limited availability of observational data for calibration and model verification. This is particularly the case for real time applications. This problem could potentially be overcome if discharge measurements based on satellite data were sufficiently accurate to substitute for ground-based measurements. The aim of this stu...

Alfieri, L., Burek, P., Dutra, E., Krzeminski, B., Muraro, D., Thielen, J., and Pappenberger, F.: GloFAS – global ensemble streamflow forecasting and flood early warning, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 1161–1175, doi:10.5194/hess-17-1161-2013, 2013.; Bartholmes, J. C., Thielen, J., Ramos, M. H., and Gentilini, S.: The european flood alert system EFAS – Part 2: Statistical skill assessment of probabilistic and determi...

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Using Similarity of Soil Texture and Hydroclimate to Enhance Soil ...

By: B. S. Minsker; M. Sivapalan; E. J. Coopersmith

Description: Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA. Estimating soil moisture typically involves calibrating models to sparse networks of in situ sensors, which introduces considerable error in locations where sensors are not available. We address this issue by calibrating parameters of a parsimonious soil moisture model, which requires only antecedent precipitation information, at gauged loc...

Barricelli, N. A.: Numerical testing of evolution theories. Part II. Preliminary tests of performance, symbiogenesis and terrestrial life, Acta Biotheoretica, 16, 99–126, 1963.; Capehart, W. J. and Carlson, T. N.: Estimating near-surface soil moisture availability using a meteorologically driven soil water profile model, J. Hydrol., 160, 1–20, 1994.; Cheng, C. T., Zhao, M. Y., Chau, K. W., and Wu, X. Y.: Using Genetic Algorithm and TOPSIS for Xinanjiang model calibration...

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An Assessment of Global Net Irrigation Water Requirements from Var...

By: S. Kanae; N. Hanasaki; H. G. Yamada; J. Cho; A. Khajuria; S. Yoshikawa

Description: Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan. Water supply sources for irrigation, such as rivers, reservoirs, and groundwater, are critically important for agricultural productivity. The current rapid increase in irrigation water use threatens sustainable food production. In this study, we estimated the time-varying dependency of the supply of irrigation water from rivers, large reservoirs with a greater than 1.0 km3 storage capacity, medium-...

Liu, J. and Yang, H.: Spatially explicit assessment of global consumptive water uses in cropland: Green and blue water, J. Hydrol., 384, 187–197, 2010.; Allen, R. G., Pereira, L. S., Raes, D., and Smith, M.: Crop Evapotranspiration: Guidelines for Computing Crop Water Requirements, FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper 56, FAO, Rome, Italy, 1998.; Bruinsma, J.: World Agriculture: Towards 2015/2030 An FAO Perspective London: Food and Agriculture Organization and Earthscan, 20...

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Agro-hydrology and Multi-temporal High-resolution Remote Sensing: ...

By: J. Salmon-monviola; S. Gascoin; V. Rivalland; A. Veloso; P. Durand; J.-l. Probst; G. Dedieu; V. Bustillo; S. Ferrant; E. Ceschia; M. Claverie; V. Demarez

Description: Université de Toulouse, UPS, Centre d'Etude Spatiale de la BIOsphère (CESBIO), 18 av. Edouard Belin, bpi 2801, 31401 Toulouse, Cedex 9, France. The growing availability of high-resolution satellite image series offers new opportunities in agro-hydrological research and modeling. We investigated the possibilities offered for improving crop-growth dynamic simulation with the distributed agro-hydrological model: topography-based nitrogen transfer and transf...

Arnold, J. G., Allen, P. M., and Bernhardt, G.: A comprehensive surfacegroundwater flow model, J. Hydrol., 142, 47–69, 1993.; Arnold, J. G., Srinivasan, R., Muttiah, R. S., and Williams, J. R.: Large-area hydrologic modeling and assessment: Part I. Model development, J. Am. Water Ressour. Assoc., 34, 73–89, 1998.; Baldocchi, D., Hicks, B., and Meyers, T.: Measuring biosphere–atmosphere exchanges of biologically related gases with micrometeorological methods, Ecology, 69,...

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Development and Validation of the Global Map of Irrigation Areas :...

By: J.-m. Faures; P. Döll; S. Feick; J. Hoogeveen; K. Frenken; S. Siebert

Description: Institute of Physical Geography, University of Frankfurt, Frankfurt (Main), Germany. A new version of a digital global map of irrigation areas was developed by combining irrigation statistics for 10 825 sub-national statistical units and geo-spatial information on the location and extent of irrigation schemes. The map shows the percentage of each 5 arc minute by 5 arc minute cell that was equipped for irrigation around the year 2000. It is thus an impor...

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Comparison of Predictions of Rainfall-runoff Models for Changes in...

By: A. Plumridge; J. M. Whyte; A. V. Metcalfe

Description: School of Mathematical Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Australia. Management of water resources requires an appreciation for how climate change, in particular changes in rainfall, affects the volume of water available in runoff. While there are many studies that use hydrological models for this purpose, comparisons of predictions appear much less commonly in the literature. This paper aims to contribute to this discussion by proposing m...

Beven, K. J.: Rainfall-Runoff Modelling: The Primer, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, England, 2001.; Castellano-Méndez, M., González-Manteiga, W., Febrero-Bande, M., Manuel Prada-Sánchez, J., and Lozano-Calderón, R.: Modelling of the monthly and daily behaviour of the runoff of the Xallas river using Box-Jenkins and neural networks methods, J. Hydrol., 296, 38–58, 2004.; Chiew, F. H. S. and Siriwardena, L.: Estimation of SIMHYD Parameter Values For Application In Un...

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Timescales of Regional Circulation of Saline Fluids in Continental...

By: P. Davy; V. Vergnaud-ayraud; C. Le Carlier; A. Armandine Les Landes; L. Aquilina

Description: Geosciences Rennes, CNRS – UMR6118, University of Rennes 1, Bâtiment 14B, Campus Beaulieu, 263 Avenue du Général Leclerc, 35042 Rennes, France. In recent decades, saline fluids have been sampled worldwide at great depths in continental basements. Although some of them have been attributed to marine transgressions, the mechanisms allowing their circulation are not understood. In this paper, we describe the horizontal and vertical distributions of moderate...

Chantraine, J., Egal, E., Thieblemont, D., Le Goff, E., Guerrot, C., and Ballevre, M.: The Cadomian active margin (North Armorican Massif, France): a segment of the North Atlantic Panafrican belt, Tectonophysics, 331, 1–18, 2001.; Dewandel, B., Lachassagne, P., and Wyns, R.: A generalized 3-D geological and hydrogeological conceptual model of granite aquifers controlled by single or multiphase weathering, J. Hydrol., 330, 260–284,

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Sub-daily Variability of Suspended Sediment Fluxes in Small Mounta...

By: A. Burgos; N. Gratiot; O. Navratil; C. Duvert; J. Némery

Description: Laboratoire d'étude des Transferts en Hydrologie et Environnement, UMR 5564, IRD/Université de Grenoble/CNRS, Grenoble, France. Accurate estimates of suspended sediment yields depend on effective monitoring strategies. In mountainous environments undergoing intense seasonal precipitation, the implementation of such monitoring programs relies primarily on a rigorous study of the temporal variability of fine sediment transport. This investigation focuses o...

Moatar, F., Birgand, F., Meybeck, M., Faucheux, C., and Raymond, S.: Uncertainties on river water quality metrics assessment (nutrients, concentration quantiles and fluxes) based on discrete surveys, Houille Blanche, 3, 68–76, 2009.; Morehead, M. D, Syvitski, J. P. M., Hutton, E., and Peckham, S.: Modelling the temporal variability in the flux of sediment from ungauged river basins, Global Planet. Change, 39, 95–110, 2003.; Navratil, O., Esteves, M., Legout, C., Gratiot,...

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Hydrochemical Variability at the Upper Paraguay Basin and Pantanal...

By: L. Barbiero; R. L. Victoria; C. Mascré; V. Valles; A. T. Rezende Filho; S. Furian

Description: Universidade Federal do Mato-Grosso do Sul, Departamento de Geografia, Campus de Nova Andradina, Av. Eurico Soares Andrade 1020, 79750-000, Nova Andradina-MS, Brazil. Compartmentalization is a prerequisite to understand large wetlands that receive water from several sources. However, it faces the heterogeneity in space and time, resulting from physical, chemical and biological processes that are specific to wetlands. The Pantanal is a vast seasonally...

Alvarenga, S. M., Brasil, A. E., Pinheiro, R., and Kux, H. J. H.: Estudo geomorfológico aplicado à Bacia do Alto Paraguai e Pantanais Mato-grossenses, RADAMBRASIL projet, Technical Bulletin, Geomorphological Serie, 89–183, Salvador-Brazil, 1984.; ANA/GEF/PNUMA/OEA: Programa de ações estratégicas para o gerenciamento integrado do Pantanal e da bacia do Alto Paraguai, Final report, Brasilia, Brazil, 2004.; Assine, M. L.: River avulsions on the Taquari megafan, Pantanal wet...

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On the Derivation of Soil Surface Roughness from Multi Parametric ...

By: R. Ludwig; P. Marzahn

Description: Department of Geography, Ludwig-Maximilian University Munich, Germany. The potential of multi parametric polarimetric SAR (PolSAR) data for soil surface roughness estimation is investigated and its potential for hydrological modeling is evaluated. The study utilizes microwave backscatter collected from the DEMMIN test-site in the north-east of Germany during the AgriSAR 2006 campaign using fully polarimetric L-Band E-SAR data. In addition to various mea...

Allmaras, R. R., Burwell, R. E., Larson, W. E., and Holt, R. F.: Total porosity and random roughness of the interrow zone as influenced by tillage, USDA Conservation Research Report, 7, 1966.; Bertuzzi, P., Rauws, G., and Courault, D.: Testing roughness indices to estimate soil surface roughness changes due to simulated rainfall, Soil Till Res., 17, 87–99, 1990.; Cloude, S. R. and E. Pottier: A review of target decomposition theorems in radar polarimetry, IEEE Trans. Geo...

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Identifying Erosive Periods by Using Rusle Factors in Mountain Fie...

By: J. MacHín; A. Navas; M. López-vicente

Description: Department of Soil and Water, Aula Dei Experimental Station, CSIC, P.O. Box 202, 50080 Zaragoza, Spain. The Mediterranean environment is characterized by strong temporal variations in rainfall volume and intensity, soil moisture and vegetation cover along the year. These factors play a key role on soil erosion. The aim of this work is to identify different erosive periods in function of the temporal changes in rainfall and runoff characteristics (erosivi...

Alpert, P., Ben-Gai, T., Baharad, A., Benjamín, Y., Yekutieli, D., Colación, M., Diodato, L., Ramis, C., Homar, V., Romero, R., Michaelides, S., and Manes, A.: The paradoxical increase of Mediterranean extreme daily rainfall in spite of decrease in total values, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(11), 1536, doi:10.1029/2001GL013554, 2002.; Arnaez, J., Lasanta, T., Ruiz-Flaño, P., and Ortigosa, L.: Factors affecting runoff and erosion under simulated rainfall in Mediterranean vineya...

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