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The Pro-Poor Livestock Policy Initiative

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: WITH THE ADOPTION OF THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS, the international community has formally subscribed to halving the proportion of people living in extreme poverty by 2015. A key challenge is therefore to identify and promote income opportunities that may lead to significant economic growth for the poor. In the face of limited possibilities the livestock sector appears to present a real opportunity to enhance the livelihoods of a large proportion of the world?s poor.

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Globalization of Food Systems in Developing Countries : Impact on ...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The workshop ?Globalization of food systems: impact on food security and nutrition? was held at the headquarters of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in Rome, Italy from 8 to 10 October 2003. The workshop was convened to gain a better understanding of the influence of globalization and urbanization on food systems (food supply, marketing and distribution) in developing countries and to analyse the effects of these changes on small...

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More Calories or More Diversity an Econometric Evaluation of the I...

By: Marta Ruiz Arranz

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The objective of this paper is to analyze the impact on food security of two conditional cash transfer programs, PROGRESA and PROCAMPO, implemented in rural Mexico. Monetary transfer programs are still rare in developing countries, but in Latin America they are increasingly replacing traditional policy instruments for alleviating poverty, food insecurity, and for promoting rural development. In-kind social programs such as school meals and feeding programs for p...

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Socio-Economic Analysis and Policy Implications of the Roles of Ag...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: PRESENTATION OUTLINE ... Agriculture in Ghana?s Economy ... Modules Studied in Ghana ... Summary of some Results from the Modules ... Synthesis of some of the Results ...

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Economic Data and Information about the Forest Sector in Suriname

By: Adrian Whiteman

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Forest levies or charges for the right to harvest timber from publicly owned forests in Suriname are currently set by the Minister for Natural Resources on behalf of the Government of Suriname. In the absence of competitive markets for such rights, it is necessary for the Government to calculate appropriate levels of forest levies that take into account the profitability and condition of the forestry sector. Forest levies are usually set by calculating the econo...

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Foreign Direct Investment in Agriculture and Agro-Industries

By: Bhola N. Chalise

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Following a series of economic reforms implemented since the early 1990s in particular, the Nepalese economy is considered to be fairly liberal. This is also true of the liberalization of foreign direct investment (FDI). This obviously reflects the realization that FDIs are desirable and need to be encouraged. However, the re-sponse has not been enthusiastic. Statistics show that Nepal attracts one of the lowest levels of the FDI among similar countries. Besides...

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Impact and Implications of the Economic Crisis on Livestock Produc...

By: Tjeppy D Soedjana

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Governments of developing countries such as Indonesia, because of high inflation rates, intervene in the food market by establishing price controls or subsidising various products to keep retail prices low. Since livestock products such as meat, milk and eggs are an important part of household expenditure, any intervention in the livestock product market will have an impact on the cost of living. Further, a favourable price treatment of livestock products may im...

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Country Overview on Food Safety

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: In the Lao People?s Democratic Republic, health is a major component of the government?s approach to achieve economic growth and sustainability of its social progress. However, the country?s state of health services at this time is severely challenged with the burden of diseases as reflected in high infant and maternal mortality rates, as well as high prevalence of diarrhea diseases, particularly in many areas where potable water supply and environmental sanitat...

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The Plata River Basin: International Basin Development and Riverin...

By: R. Quiros

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Development planners look to the unique hydrological characteristics of each river to determine the physical capability of the whole river, developed as a unit, to meet the needs of water-dependent users. For most planners the basin is the appropriate unit for thinking about development. Moreover, for international rivers integrated development provides an incentive for the basin countries to benefit from economies of scale. However, despite the economic incenti...

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Risk Management - Integrated Approaches to the Management of Food ...

By: Peter Simko

Nutrition Reference Publication

Introduction: Slovak Republic is a country where substantial social-political and economic changes have taken place during last 12 years. Since 1989, a new political, economic and social system has been built and a transition of centrally planned economy to the market one has been realised. Of course, these changes have needed to adopt a new legislation, compatible also with international laws. At present time, Slovak republic is a member of associated countries group, t...

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Food Safety Strategies in Europe : Promoting a New Approach to for...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Introduction: Responsibility for food safety is shared among all stakeholders, from producers and distributors to caterers and consumers. Ensuring that consumers? health and consumers? interests are adequately guaranteed requires the input of many organisations and individuals both within regulatory agencies and the food industry. In recent years, numerous countries have reorganised their official or regulatory food controls systems. Often the emergence of single nationa...

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Ecotourism and Other Services Derived from Forests in the Asia-Pac...

By: Kreg Lindberg

Nutrition Reference Publication

Introduction: Forest resources are central to conservation and development in the Asia-Pacific region. Not only do forests provide a number of ecosystem services to both the region and the world, they also are resources for economic and social development. The region includes a number of forest ?hotspots? of environmental importance, as well as several countries undergoing rapid economic development and continued population growth. These forces make it critical that sust...

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Cultural Perception Module China

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: I. Background The national culture is a non-ignorable influential factor for social development in China. It is reflected both in the establishments and implementations of social policies, and in social functions and human behaviors. Any policy or institution falling short of national culture and social psychology would inevitably fail in its implementation. I.1 Agricultural Culture1 The agricultural culture here refers to the social phenomena including social i...

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Poplars in Biotechnology Research

By: H. Marchadier

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Biotechnology encompasses a wide range of scientific techniques that use living organisms or parts of them. Modern biotechnologies currently used in forestry fall broadly into three categories ... those based on molecular markers, used, for example, to quantify genetic diversity between populations and individual trees, to identify parts of the genetic material that are unique to each individual (?fingerprinting?) and to locate genes responsible for traits of ec...

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The Economics of Conservation Agriculture

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Agbamu, J.U. 1995. Analysis of farmers? characteristics in relation to adoption of soil management practices in the Ikorodu area of Nigeria. Japanese Journal of Tropical Agriculture, 39(4): 213-222. Aw-Hassan, A. & Stoecker, A. 1994. A public and private analysis of the costs of reducing soil erosion by reduced tillage systems. Current Farm Economics, 67(2): 23-39. Batie, S.S. & Taylor, D.B. 1989. Widespread adoption of non-conventional agriculture: profitabilit...

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Integrated Natural Resources Management to Enhance Food Security

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: OVER 85 PERCENT OF ETHIOPIA?S POPULAT I O N , ESTIMATED AT 64 MILLION PEOPLE, LIVE IN RURAL AREAS AND DEPEND ON NAT U R A L RESOURCES (LAND, WATER, FORESTS AND TREES) FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, FOOD SECURITY AND OTHER BASIC NECESSITIES. The country ?s population is estimated to reach 130 million by 2030. This has a serious implication on the sustainability of the natural resources base and the efforts to attain national food security given that nearly half of the...

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Groundwater in International Law Compilation of Treaties and Other...

By: Stefano Burchi

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Despite the social, economic, environmental and political importance of groundwater, international law has paid relatively little attention to this resource. Groundwater represents about ninety-seven percent of the fresh water resources available, excluding the water locked in the polar ice. It serves the basic needs of more than one-half of the world?s population and it is often the only source of water in arid and semi-arid countries. Improvements in pumping t...

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Proceedings of the Mini Roundtable Meeting on Agricultural Marketi...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: I am happy to welcome you to the Mini Roundtable Meeting on Agricultural Marketing and Food Security in Asia and the Pacific. The main objective of the meeting is to seek your views on FAO?s programme of work in the area of agricultural marketing. The aim of this programme of work is to help member countries build their capacity to face the challenges of the new emerging international economic environment and gain from the opportunities available in that environ...

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Forest Valuation for Decision Making Lessons of Experience and Pro...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: At a time of many pressing and competing demands for financial resources, the forest sector needs an unchallengeable basis for analysis if forestry investment is effectively to compete with other alternatives. When this study was launched the perception was that proper valuation is an important element in making the case for forestry or for recognizing when alternative land uses are better options. The prospectus of the Andr? Mayer Research Fellowship which fund...

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Ethiopia Special Programme for Food Security, Crop Diversification...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Ethiopia is an agrarian society and one of the poorest countries in the world. The Government of Ethiopia, by supporting the Crop Diversification and Marketing Development roject which is part of the Special Programme for Food Security, aims to increase economic growth, enhance food security and alleviate poverty through the empowerment of smaholder farmers, intensification and diversification of production and commercialization of small farms in areas with reco...

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