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Fas Public Interest Report Journal of the Federation of American S...

By: Robert M. Solow

Excerpt: Let’s say you sell cars. It’s a competitive market. You could try to attract customers by offering the lowest prices and highest quality in town- but you soon learn that isn’t the best way to maximize profit. Instead, you offer little gimmicks to persuade your customers that they’re getting a better deal than they would get from the dealer down the road (even if they’re not): fancy upholstery, a stereo, etc. You might throw in things that have nothing to do with...

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Fas Public Interest Report Journal of the Federation of American S...

By: Robert M. Solow

Excerpt: No newsletter, indeed no book, can do full justice to the drug abuse controversy. As a result, we have contented ourselves here with providing reviews of some books and positions to help orient FAS readers. Broadly speaking, most of the population sees the problem as the drugs themselves, But there is another smaller but growing segment that sees the War on Drugs as the problem. (See page 3 for several schools of thought on alternative approaches. ) These people...

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Fas Public Interest Report Journal of the Federation of American S...

By: Robert M. Solow

Excerpt: In an “Atomic Scientists’ Appeal”, FAS, for the first time in its 50-year history, has called on scientists throughout the world to stop working on further nuclear weapons and on other weapons of potential mass destruction. Inspired by a letter (See back page) from Nobel Laureate Hans A. Bethe, who is the senior living original atomic scientist, the FAS Council endorsed his-appeal and secured the individual endorsements of most of its other FAS member survivors ...

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Fas Public Interest Report Journal of the Federation of American S...

By: Robert M. Solow

Excerpt: Election Results: Rosemary Chalk, Val Fitch and David Hafemeister have been elected to the FAS Council. They take the places of Denis Hayes, Martin Sherwin and Valerie Thomas, whose terms have expired. Robert Adams was elected to fill out the unexpired term of Lawrence Scheinman, who has joined the Clinton Administration.

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Fas Public Interest Report Journal of the Federation of American S...

By: Robert M. Solow

Excerpt: Tension in South Asia has been high for decades, partly to the Chinese annexation of Tibet in the 1950s and tc>territorial disputes among China, India and Pakistan. It is this tension that provides the impetus for the slow upward spiral of today’s South Asian armaments race- of which missiles have become a recent, highly visible component.

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Fas Public Interest Report Journal of the Federation of American S...

By: Robert M. Solow

Excerpt: The retirement of the SR-71 “Blackbird,” coupled with a spate of sightings of “lights in the sky,” has led to considerable speculation both in the trade and popular press of the existence of new secret aircraft. Word of a successor or follow-onto the SR-71 appeared in print almost simultaneously with the initial AII Force moves to end the program. Reports suggesting that a follow- on, a more capable successor to the Blackbird, had been flying since early 1987 de...

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Fas Public Interest Report Journal of the Federation of American S...

By: Robert M. Solow

Excerpt: Founded--on October 22, 1945 by Manhattan Project Atomic Scientists--as the action arm of the same movement that produced the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, FAS celebrated its 50th anniversary with a successful two-day retreat at the Airlie House Conference Center in Airlie, Virginia. Although no longer a Federation of Chapters--its last two chapters, Union of Concerned Scientists and the Southern California Federation of Scientists, became independent organ...

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Fas Public Interest Report Journal of the Federation of American S...

By: Robert M. Solow

Excerpt: Now that we no longer need a vast standing military prepared to wage World War at a moment’s notice, American national security interests can be defended at substantially lower cost. Humanitarian missions require but a fraction of our present military force. Reserve forces can be mobilized in time to respond to larger regional contingencies. Even with lower force levels, the military-technical revolution promises greater lethality (at least in those situations w...

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Fas Public Interest Report Journal of the Federation of American S...

By: Robert M. Solow

Excerpt: The U.S. Institute of Medicine (IOM) issued a report last year entitled “Emerging Infections: Microbial Threats to Health in the United States.” According to Nobel Laureate Joshua Lederberg, co-chair of the committee that produced the report, “perhaps [its] most important message [is] that infection knows no national boundaries, and we will pay dearly if we ignore the smoldering of infection anywhere At stake is a level of sickness and death many fold higher tha...

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Fas Public Interest Report Journal of the Federation of American S...

By: Robert M. Solow

Excerpt: Congratulations on your election. For good reason, “jobs” were a resounding theme of your campaign. As you prepare for your Administration, though, we urge you to balance the concern for jobs and job creation with U.S. national security considerations, While campaigning in September, and largely to garner arms industry workers’ votes, President Bush approved $18 billion in foreign arms sales to countries in unstable Third World regions. While these sales will pr...

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Fas Public Interest Report Journal of the Federation of American S...

By: Robert M. Solow

Excerpt: Responding to some of these concerns, Federal Reserve Board Chairman Alan Greenspan, who inspired the Boskin Commission’s creation, testified on January 30 that “changes in broad environmental and social conditions” ought not be included in the COLI but said nothing about non-marketable medical improvements.

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Fas Public Interest Report Journal of the Federation of American S...

By: Robert M. Solow

Excerpt: Pondering a phone call from a friend in Taiwan asking about the Chinese missile threats, the FAS Executive Committee agreed to send me to Taiwan for au exploratory visit, to see if there that FAS could do. Something unexpected happened. On the way to Taiwan, I saw a new way of viewing the dilemma of reunification and independence, which I have nicknamed the strategy. Somewhat to my astonishment, this is provoking considerable interest among officials of the Taiw...

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Fas Public Interest Report Journal of the Federation of American S...

By: Robert M. Solow

Excerpt: Why is it that throughout this century the most authoritative voices in science, and especially in the policy sciences, have called for interdisciplinary research, and yet relatively little takes place? One can only conclude that it is harder than appears, that some hidden obstacle stands in its way. There was no difficulty when interdisciplinary meant what it says, exploring the empty space between the recognized disciplines. Biochemistry is an incidence of int...

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Fas Public Interest Report Journal of the Federation of American S...

By: Robert M. Solow

Excerpt: In what they mistakenly call an “oral history”, Jerrold L. and Leona P. Schecter have knowingly...

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Fas Public Interest Report Journal of the Federation of American S...

By: Robert M. Solow

Excerpt: Kosovo is the superficially calm, but high-pressure, eye of the hurricane of ethnic violence that is ravaging the former Yugoslavia, It is the “Judea and Samaria” of Serbia- the very place where Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic, in a famous speech, unleashed that Serbian nationalism whose cruel effect is the aggression in Bosnia and Croatia. In this (formerly autonomous) province of Serbia, Koso- VO’S 200,000 Serbs are repressing 2,000,000 separatist ethnic ...

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Fas Public Interest Report Journal of the Federation of American S...

By: Robert M. Solow

Excerpt: At interdisciplinary conference, the number of experts on the climate itself was necessarily very limited. While most of the attendees held views similar to those expressed in the recent...

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Fas Public Interest Report Journal of the Federation of American S...

By: Robert M. Solow

Excerpt: I had spent 20 years as on activist policy physicist- mostly on nuclear nonproliferation control issues. All my work was done :is an “outsider. “I never had a clearance and, with the exception of providing analytical ammunition to...

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Fas Public Interest Report Journal of the Federation of American S...

By: Robert M. Solow

Excerpt: Under these circumstances, there will be not greater arms control in South Asia than...

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Fas Public Interest Report Journal of the Federation of American S...

By: Robert M. Solow

Excerpt: Announced a decade ago, the Strategic Defense missile systems lost some of its earlier religious fervor. This multi-billion dollar a year program has invested...

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Fas Public Interest Report Journal of the Federation of American S...

By: Robert M. Solow

Excerpt: The 50th anniversary of the atomic era will take place in a world twice removed from the events themselves. The scientists who created the bomb during a hot war, and saw it manufactured in the tens of thousands during a Cold War, are about to be appraised, once more, in a novel period of post-Cold War.

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