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Financial Economics


Financial economics is the branch of economics concerned with "the allocation and deployment of economic resources, both spatially and across time, in an uncertain environment". It is additionally characterised by its "concentration on monetary activities", in which "money of one type or another is likely to appear on both sides of a trade". The questions within financial economics are typically framed in terms of "time, uncertainty, options and information".

 
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Living on Half a Dime a Day : Chapter 5 - Section 5

By: Sarah Elizabeth Harper Monmouth

How to live on 5 cents a day! How to survive financial ruin without losing your house! How to keep to a bare bones budget and still have money left over to buy books! Tough questions! They were tough questions even in the 1870’s, when Sarah Elizabeth Harper Monmouth penned her quirky memoir, the subtitle of which was “How a Lady, Having Lost a Sufficient Income from Government Bonds by Misplaced Confidence, Reduced to a Little Homestead Whose Entire Income is But $40.00 ...

Advice, Memoirs

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Floods and Wetlands: Combining a Water-balance Model and Remote-se...

By: C. Leauthaud; S. Duvail; R. Moussa; O. Grünberger; J. Albergel; G. Belaud

Description: IRD, UMR LISAH, 2 Place Viala, 34060 Montpellier, France. The Tana River Delta (TRD) provides a multitude of ecosystem services for the local communities including fishing, farming and livestock keeping. The hydrological regime of its river determines for a large part the environmental health of the delta. The development of upstream irrigation schemes and hydroelectric infrastructure can seriously impact the ecological status of the TRD. The Tan...

Alsdorf, D. E., Rodriguez, E., and Lettenmaier, D. P.: Measuring surface water from space, Rev. Geophys., 45, RG2002, doi:10.1029/2006RG000197, 2007.; Atkinson, K. E.: An Introduction to Numerical Analysis, John Wiley & Sons, New York, ISBN 978-0-471-50023-0, 1989.; Bader, J., Lamagat, J., and Guiguen, N.: Management of the Manantali Dam on the Senegal River: quantitative analysis of a conflict of objectives, Hydrolog. S...

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Luminescent Determination of Nitrite Traces in Water Solutions Usi...

By: M. S. Nedielko; S. G. Nedilko; V. P. Scherbatskyi; S. L. Revo; V. P. Chornii

Description: Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine. Morphology and photoluminescence (PL) properties for microcrystalline cellulose (MCC), microcrystalline nitrite powders of common formulae MNO2 (M = Na, K) (MCN) and two-component materials composed of both MCC and MCN have been prepared and characterized by means of optical microscopy and luminescence spectroscopy. This study aimed to clarify a possibility of low-limit determinatio...

Belii, M. U., Bojko, V. V., Kushnirenko, I. Ya., Nedilko, S. G., and Sakun, V. P.: Structure of the luminescence and absorption spectra in KBr single crystals doped with NO2- anions and co-doped with Ca2+ cations, Dopovidi AS USSR, 2, 53–57, 1984 (in Ukrainian).; Belii, M. U., Kushnirenko, I. Y., Nedilko, S. G., and Sakun, V. P.: Spectral-luminescent properties of the luminescence centers in frozen water solution of alkali-halide salts do...

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In Search of Robust Flood Risk Management Alternatives for the Net...

By: W. Ligtvoet; M. J. P. Mens; F. Klijn; J. M. Knoop

Description: Deltares, Delft Hydraulics, Delft, The Netherlands. The Netherlands' policy for flood risk management is being revised in view of a sustainable development against a background of climate change, sea level rise and increasing socio-economic vulnerability to floods. This calls for a thorough policy analysis, which can only be adequate when there is agreement about the framing of the problem and about the strategic alternatives that should be taken into a...

Beckers, J. and de Bruijn, K. M.: Analysis of fatality risk Water Safety 21st century, Deltares report 1204144-005, Delft, 2011 (in Dutch).; Bertrand, G., Michalski, A. I., and Pench, L. R.: Scenarios Europe 2010, European Commission Forward Studies Unit, Working Paper 1999, 1999.; De Bruijn, K. M.: Resilience and flood risk management: a systems approach applied to lowland rivers, Delft Hydraulics Series 6, Delft Hydraulics, Delft, 2005; Bočkarjova, M., Rietveld, P., an...

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A Meta-modelling Strategy to Identify the Critical Offshore Condit...

By: J. Rohmer; D. Idier

Description: BRGM, 3 av. C. Guillemin, 45060 Orléans Cédex 2, France. High water level at the coast may be the result of different combinations of offshore hydrodynamic conditions (e.g. wave characteristics, offshore water level, etc.). Providing the contour of the critical set of offshore conditions leading to high water level is of primary importance either to constrain early warning networks based on hydro-meteorological forecast or observations, or for the asses...

Bect, J., Ginsbourger, D., Li, L., Picheny, V., and Vazquez, E.: Sequential design of computer experiments for the estimation of a probability of failure, Stat. Comput., 22, 773–793, doi:10.1007/s11222-011-9241-4, 2012.; Bertin, X., Bruneau, N., Breilh, J. F., Fortunato, A., and Karpytchev, M.: Importance of wave age and resonance in storm surges : the case of Xynthia, Ocean Model., 42, 16–30, 2012.; Boulahya, F., D...

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Towards Dynamics in Flood Risk Assessment : Volume 12, Issue 11 (2...

By: M. Keiler; B. Mazzorana; S. Fuchs; L. Levaggi

Description: Department of Hydraulic Engineering – Abteilung Wasserschutzbauten, Autonomous Province of Bolzano, Italy, Cesare Battisti Str. 23, 39100 Bolzano, Italy. As a consequence of flood impacts, communities inhabiting mountain areas are increasingly affected by considerable damage to infrastructure and property. The design of effective flood risk mitigation strategies and their subsequent implementation is crucial for a sustainable development in mountain are...

Keiler, M., Sailer, R., Jörg, P., Weber, C., Fuchs, S., Zischg, A., and Sauermoser, S.: Avalanche risk assessment – a multi-temporal approach, results from Galtür, Austria, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 637–651, doi:10.5194/nhess-6-637-2006, 2006.; Keiler, M., Knight, J., and Harrison, S.: Climate change and geomorphological hazards in the eastern European Alps, Philos. Trans. Roy. Soc. London, 368, 2461–2479, 20...

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Influence of Flood Risk Characteristics on Flood Insurance Demand:...

By: J. C. J. H. Aerts; H. Kreibich; W. J. W. Botzen; I. Seifert

Description: Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA), Section for Climate and Environmental modelling, Oslo, Norway. The existence of sufficient demand for insurance coverage against infrequent losses is important for the adequate function of insurance markets for natural disaster risks. This study investigates how characteristics of flood risk influence household flood insurance demand based on household surveys undertaken in Germany and the Netherlands. Our a...

Aerts, J. C. J. H., Sprong, T. A., and Bannink, B. (Eds): Aandacht voor Veiligheid, Rapport BSIK programma Klimaat voor Ruimte no. 009/2008, ISBN 978-90-8815-004-3, VU University Press, Amsterdam, 2008.; Berz, G., Kron, W., Loster, T., Rauch, E., Schimetschek, J., Schmieder, J., Siebert, A., Smolka, A., and Wirtz, A.: World map of natural hazards: A global view of the distribution and intensity of significant exposures, Nat. Hazards, 23, 443–465, 2001.; Besley, T. and Bu...

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Direct and Indirect Economic Impacts of Drought in the Agri-food S...

By: N. Hernández-mora; M. Gil; A. Garrido

Description: CEIGRAM, Technical University of Madrid, c/ Senda del Rey 13, 28040 Madrid, Spain. The economic evaluation of drought impacts is essential in order to define efficient and sustainable management and mitigation strategies. The aim of this study is to evaluate the economic impacts of a drought event on the agricultural sector and measure how they are transmitted from primary production to industrial output and related employment. We fit econometric models...

AEMET: Rainfall data series 1995–2009, 2009.; Carroll, N., Frijters, P., and Shields, M. A.: Quantifying the Costs of Drought: New Evidence from Life Satisfaction Data, J. Population Econom., 22, 445–461, 2009.; Alcalá Agulló, F. and Sancho Portero, I.: Agua y producción agrícola: un análisis econométrico del caso de Murcia, Revista española de estudios agrosociales y pesqueros, 197, 129–158, 2002 (in Spanish).; Berrittella, M., Hoekstra, A. Y., Rehdanz, K., Roson, R., a...

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Estimation of Insurance Premiums for Coverage Against Natural Disa...

By: J. C. J. H. Aerts; W. J. W. Botzen; Y. Paudel

Description: Institute for Environmental Studies, Amsterdam Global Change Institute (AGCI), VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. This study applies Bayesian Inference to estimate flood risk for 53 dyke ring areas in the Netherlands, and focuses particularly on the data scarcity and extreme behaviour of catastrophe risk. The probability density curves of flood damage are estimated through Monte Carlo simulations. Based on these results, flood insurance...

Aerts, J., Sprong, T., and Bannink, B. A.: Aandacht voor Veiligheid, Leven met Water, Klimaat voor Ruimte, DG Water, 3–196, 2008.; Aerts, J. C. J. H. and Botzen, W. J. W.: Climate change impacts on pricing long-term flood insurance: A comprehensive study for the Netherlands, Glob. Environ. Change, 21, 1045–1060, 2011.; Arnold, B. C. and Press, S. J.: Bayesian inference for pareto populations, J. Econometrics, 21, 287–306, 1983.; Bayarri, M. J. and Berger, J. O.: The Inte...

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A Systemic Method for Evaluating the Potential Impacts of Floods o...

By: A. Rozan; C. Hattemer; J. Eleutério

Description: Laboratory of Territorial Water and Environment Management (UMR GESTE), ENGEES/IRSTEA, Strasbourg, France. Understanding network infrastructures and their operation under exceptional circumstances is fundamental for dealing with flood risks and improving the resilience of a territory. This work presents a method for evaluating potential network infrastructure dysfunctions and damage in cases of flooding. In contrast to existing approaches, this method an...

Adachi, T. and Ellingwood, B. R.: Serviceability of earthquake-damaged water systems: Effects of electrical power availability and power backup systems on system vulnerability, Reliability Eng. Syst. Safety, 93, 78–88, doi:10.1016/j.ress.2006.10.014, 2008.; Adam, R.: Economic resilience to natural and man-made disasters: Multidisciplinary origins and contextual dimensions, Environ. Hazards, 7, 383–398, 2007.; CEPRI...

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Analysis of the French Insurance Market Exposure to Floods: a Stoc...

By: J. Ardon; C. Poulard; E. Leblois; S. Aji; D. Moncoulon; T. Onfroy; A. Quantin; A. Rémy; D. Labat

Description: CCR, 157 bvd Haussmann, 75008 Paris, France. The analysis of flood exposure at a national scale for the French insurance market must combine the generation of a probabilistic event set of all possible (but which have not yet occurred) flood situations with hazard and damage modeling. In this study, hazard and damage models are calibrated on a 1995–2010 historical event set, both for hazard results (river flow, flooded areas) and loss estimations. Thus, ...

Habets, F., Gascoin, S., Korkmaz, S., Thiéry, D., Zribi, M., Amraoui, N., Carli, M., Ducharne, A., Leblois, E., Ledoux, E., Martin, E., Noilhan, J., Ottlé, C., and Viennot, P.: Multi-model comparison of a major flood in the groundwater-fed basin of the Somme River (France), Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 14, 99–117, doi:10.5194/hess-14-99-2010, 2010.; Hosking, J. R. M. and Wallis, J. R.: The Value of Historical Data in Flo...

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Epic Landslide Erosion from Mountain Roads in Yunnan, China – Chal...

By: A. Stokes; M. Ghestem; R. C. Sidle

Description: US Environmental Protection Agency, Ecosystems Research Division, National Exposure Research Laboratory, ORD, 960 College Station Road, Athens, GA 30605, USA. Expanding systems of mountain roads in developing countries have significantly increased the risk of landslides and sedimentation, and have created vulnerabilities for residents and aquatic resources. We measured landslide erosion along seven road segments in steep terrain in the upper Salween Rive...

Ananda, J. and Herath, G.: A critical review of multi-criteria decision making methods with special reference to forest management and planning, Ecol. Econ., 68, 2535–2548, 2009.; Balisacan, A. M.: Averting hunger and food insecurity in Asia, in: Rep. FAO-SEARC Regional Workshop, Policy issues and investment options to avert hunger and food insecurity in Asia, FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok, Thailand, 11–31, 2005.; Bansal, R. C. and Mathur, H. N.: ...

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The Validation Service of the Hydrological Saf Geostationary and P...

By: G. Panegrossi; L'. Okon; G. Koshinchanov; G. Vulpiani; G. Kozinarova; S. Balabanova; F. Porcu; D. Biron; S. Gabellani; F. Zauli; D. Casella; F. Gattari; M. Jurašek; P. Krahe; I. Sönmez; S. Puca; P. Baguis; L. De Leonibus; E. Campione; S. Laviola; A. Öztopal; D. Melfi; A. Rinollo; B. Lapeta; V. Levizzani; C. Rachimow; F. Pignone; A. Ertürk; M. Petracca; J. Kaňák; E. Roulin; A. Mugnai; P. Pagliara; L. Milani; P. Sanò; F. Di Paola; E. Cattani; J. Kerényi; R. Iwanski; E. Lábó; S. Dietrich; P. Rosci; E. Agosta; A. Toniazzo; N. Rebora

Description: Italian Civil Protection Department, via Vitorchiano 2, 00189 Rome, Italy. The development phase (DP) of the EUMETSAT Satellite Application Facility for Support to Operational Hydrology and Water Management (H-SAF) led to the design and implementation of several precipitation products, after 5 yr (2005–2010) of activity. Presently, five precipitation estimation algorithms based on data from passive microwave and infrared sensors, on board geostationary ...

Barnes, S. L.: A technique for maximizing details in numerical weather map analysis, J. Appl. Meteor., 3, 396–409, 1964.; Bech, J., Codina, B., Lorente, J., and Bebbington, D.: The sensitivity of single polarization weather radar beam blockage correction to variability in the vertical refractivity gradient, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 20, 845–855, 2003.; Bennartz, R.: Optimal convolution of AMSU-B to AMSU-A, J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech., 17, 1215–1225, 2000.; Kitchen, M. and ...

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Empirical Analysis of Japanese Flood Risk Acceptability Within Mul...

By: S. Ikeda; G. Zhai

Description: Laboratory for Urban Disaster and Public Safety, Nanjing University, 22 Hankou Road, Nanjing, 210093, China. This paper establishes a framework of a multi-risk context for analyzing acceptable risk beyond single-risk context and empirically examines how other risks affects flood risk acceptability based on Rational Action Paradigm (RAP) by using a survey conducted in the Toki-Shonai River region of Japan. The main findings obtained by cross-sectional ana...

Covello, V. T., Slovic, P., and von Winterfeldt D.: Disaster and Crisis Communications, Findings and Implications for Research and Polciy, in: Risk Communication, edited by: Jungermann, H., Kasperson, R. E., and Wiedemann, P. M., Research Center Julich, 1998.; Datascape and Communications Inc.: Kurofune 2004 for Windows, 2004.; EPA (Environmental Protection Agency): National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants, 53 Fed. Reg. 28 495, 1988.; Fischhoff, B., Slovi...

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Analysis of the French Insurance Market Exposure to Floods: a Stoc...

By: D. Labat; C. Poulard; E. Leblois; T. Onfroy; S. Aji; J. Ardon; D. Moncoulon; A. Quantin; A. Rémy

Description: CCR, 31 rue de Courcelles, 75008 Paris, France. The analysis of flood exposure at a national scale for the French insurance market must combine the generation of a probabilistic event set of all possible but not yet occurred flood situations with hazard and damage modeling. In this study, hazard and damage models are calibrated on a 1995–2012 historical event set, both for hazard results (river flow, flooded areas) and loss estimations. Thus, uncertain...

Aon Benfield, A. (Ed.): January 2013: Global Catastrophe Recap, Impact Forecasting, 2013.; Apel, H., Aronica, T., Kreibich, H., and Thieken, A. H.: Flood risk analyses - how detailed do we need to be? Nat. Hazards, 49, 79–98, 2009.; Arnaud, P. and Lavabre, J.: Estimation de l'aléa Pluvial en France Métropolitaine, Guide Pratique, Editions QUAE, 2010.; Banque Hydro: Banque nationale de données pour l'hydrométrie et l'hydrologie, Ministère de l'Environnement et du Développ...

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Epic Landslide Erosion from Mountain Roads in Yunnan, China – Chal...

By: M. Ghestem; A. Stokes; R. C. Sidle

Description: US Environmental Protection Agency, Ecosystems Research Division, National Exposure Research Laboratory, ORD, 960 College Station Road, Athens, GA 30605 USA. Expanding mountain road networks in developing countries significantly increase the risk of landslides and sedimentation, as well as create vulnerabilities for residents and aquatic resources. We measured landslide erosion along seven road segments in steep terrain in the upper Salween River bas...

Ananda, J. and Herath, G.: A critical review of multi-criteria decision making methods with special reference to forest management and planning, Ecol. Econ., 68, 2535–2548, 2009.; Bansal, R. C. and Mathur, H. N.: Landslides – the nightmare of hill roads, Soil Conserv. Digest, 4, 36–37, 1976.; Balisacan, A. M.: Averting hunger and food insecurity in Asia, in: Rep. FAO-SEARC Regional Workshop, Policy issues and investment options to avert hunger and food insecurity in Asia...

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A Web-based Spatial Decision Supporting System for Land Management...

By: F. Terribile; P. Manna; A. Basile; L. Minieri; M. Colandrea; N. Orefice; G. Langella; A. D'Antonio; A. Bonfante; S. Valentini; A. Agrillo; S. Vingiani; R. De Mascellis; G. Buscemi; F. A. Mileti; C. De Michele; L. Marotta

Description: Department of Agriculture, University of Naples Federico II, Via Università 100, Portici (NA), Italy. Today it is evident that there are many contrasting demands on our landscape (e.g. food security, more sustainable agriculture, higher income in rural areas, etc.) as well as many land degradation problems.

It has been proved that providing operational answers to these demands and problems is extremely difficult.

Here we aim to demon...

Barbero-Sierra, C., Marques, M., and Ruíz-Pérez, M.: The case of urban sprawl in Spain as an active and irreversible driving force for desertification, J. Arid Environ., 90, 95–102, 2013.; Basile, A. and F. Terribile.: La ricerca sull'inquinamento da nitrati nei suoli campani: un approccio modellistico nella gestione agro-ambientali, Monograph Regione Campania Ed., Napoli, Italy, 2008.; Bonfante, A., Basile, A., Acutis, M., De Mascellis, R., Manna, P., Perego, A., and Te...

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A Web Based Spatial Decision Supporting System for Land Management...

By: A. Bonfante; N. Orefice; S. Valentini; S. Vingiani; F. A. Mileti; A. Basile; R. De Mascellis; F. Terribile; M. Colandrea; C. De Michele; P. Manna; A. Agrillo; G. Buscemi; L. Minieri; G. Langella; A. D'Antonio; L. Marotta

Description: Department of Agriculture, University of Naples Federico II, Via Università 100, Portici (NA), Italy. Today it is evident that there are many contrasting demands on our landscape (e.g. food security, more sustainable agriculture, higher income in rural areas, etc.) but also many land degradation problems.

It has been proved that providing operational answers to these demands and problems is extremely difficult.

Here we aim to ...

Barbero-Sierra, C., Marques, M., and Ruíz-Pérez, M.: The case of urban sprawl in Spain as an active and irreversible driving force for desertification, J. Arid Environ., 90, 95–102, 2013.; Basile, A. and Terribile, F.: La ricerca sull'inquinamento da nitrati nei suoli campani: un approccio modellistico nella gestione agro-ambientali, Monograph Regione Campania Ed., Napoli, Italy, 2008.; Bonfante, A., Basile, A., Acutis, M., De Mascellis, R., Manna, P., Perego, A., and Te...

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The Economics of Soil C Sequestration and Agricultural Emissions A...

By: P. Alexander; P. Smith; K. Paustian; D. Moran

Description: SRUC, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, EH9 3JG, UK. Carbon is a critical component of soil vitality and is crucial to our ability to produce food. Carbon sequestered in soils also provides a further regulating ecosystem service, valued as the avoided damage from global climate change. We consider the demand and supply attributes that underpin and constrain the emergence of a market value for this vital global ecosystem service: markets being what economists ...

Australian Government: Carbon Farming Initiative, Clean Energy Regulator, available at: http://www.cleanenergyregulator.gov.au/Carbon-Farming-Initiative (last access: 9 April 2014), 2014.; Baumol, W. and Oates, W.: The Theory of Environmental Policy, Cambridge University Press, 1988.; Carbon Brief: The state of carbon pricing: Around the world in 46 carbon markets, available at:

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The Economics of Soil C Sequestration : Volume 1, Issue 1 (02/12/2014)

By: P. Smith; D. Moran; P. Alexander; K. Paustian

Description: Land Economy and Environment Research Group, SRUC, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, EH9 3JG, UK. Carbon is a critical component of soil vitality and of our ability to produce food. Carbon sequestered in soils also provides a further regulating ecosystem service, valued as the avoided damage from global climate change. We consider the demand and supply attributes that underpin and constrain the emergence of a market value for this vital global ecosystem servic...

Baumol, W. and Oates, W.: The Theory of Environmental Policy, Cambridge University Press, 1988.; The Carbon Brief: The state of carbon pricing: Around the world in 46 carbon markets, available at: http://www.carbonbrief.org/blog/2014/05/the-state-of-carbon-pricing-around-the-world-in-46-carbon-markets/ (last access: 29 May 2014), 2014.; DECC: Carbon Valu...

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