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A Plan for a 5 Km-deep Borehole at Reykjanes, Iceland, Into the Root Zone of a Black Smoker on Land : Volume 16, Issue 16 (05/11/2013)

By Fri&Eth;Leifsson, G. Ó.

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Book Id: WPLBN0004021578
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 7
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: A Plan for a 5 Km-deep Borehole at Reykjanes, Iceland, Into the Root Zone of a Black Smoker on Land : Volume 16, Issue 16 (05/11/2013)  
Author: Fri&Eth;Leifsson, G. Ó.
Volume: Vol. 16, Issue 16
Language: English
Subject: Science, Scientific, Drilling
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


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Bignall, G., Elders, W. A., Frieth, G. Ó., & Leifsson,. (2013). A Plan for a 5 Km-deep Borehole at Reykjanes, Iceland, Into the Root Zone of a Black Smoker on Land : Volume 16, Issue 16 (05/11/2013). Retrieved from

Description: HS Orka hf., Brekkustígur 36, 260 Reykjanesbær, Iceland. A summary workshop report describing the progress made so far by the Iceland Deep Drilling Project (IDDP) is presented below. The report provides recommendations concerning technical aspects related to deep drilling, and invites international participation in both the engineering and the scientific activities of the next phase of the IDDP. No issues were identified at the workshop that should rule out attempting the drilling, sampling and testing of the proposed IDDP-2 well. Although technically challenging, the consensus of the workshop was that the drilling of such a hot deep well, and producing potentially hostile fluids, is possible but requires careful contingency planning. The future well will be explored for supercritical fluid and/or superheated steam beneath the current production zone of the Reykjanes geothermal field in SW Iceland. This deep borehole will provide the first opportunity worldwide to directly investigate the root zone of a magma-hydrothermal system which is likely to be similar to those beneath the black smokers on the world-encircling mid-ocean rift systems.

A plan for a 5 km-deep borehole at Reykjanes, Iceland, into the root zone of a black smoker on land

Fri\dhleifsson, G. Ó. and Elders, W. A.: The Iceland Deep Drilling Project: a search for deep unconventional geothermal resources, Geothermics, 34, 269–285, 2005.; Driesner, T.: The System H2O-NaCl. II. Correlation Formulae for Phase Relations in Temperature-Pressure-Composition Space from 0 to 1000 °C, 0 to 5000 bar, and 0 to 1 X$_NaCl$, Geochim. Cosmochim. Ac., 71, 4902–4919, 2007.; Driesner, T. and Heinrich, C. A.: The System H2O-NaCl. I. Correlations for molar volume, enthalpy, and isobaric heat capacity from 0 to 1000 degrees C, 1 to 5000 bar, and 0 to 1 X-NaCl, Geochim. Cosmochim. Ac., 71, 4880–4901, 2007.; Elders, W. A., Fri\dhleifsson, G. Ó. , Zierenberg, R. A., Pope, E. C., Mortensen, A. K., Gu\dhmundsson, Á., Lowerstern, J. B., Marks, N. E., Owens, L., Bird, D. K., Reed, M., Olsen, N. J., and Schiffman, P.: Origin of a rhyolite that intruded a geothermal well while drilling in a basaltic volcano, at Krafla, Iceland, Geology, 39, 231–234, 2011.; Fri\dhleifsson, G. Ó, Elders, W. A., and Albertsson, A.: The Concept of the Iceland Deep Drilling Project, Geothermics, Special Issue, doi:10.1016/j.geothermics.2013.03.004, in press, 2013.; Zirenberg, R. A., Schiffmann, P., Barfod, G. H., Lesher, C. E., Marks, N. E., Lowenstern, J. B., Mortensen, A. K., Pope, E. C., Bird, D. K., Reed, M. H., Fri\dhleifsson, G. Ó., and Elders, W. A.: Composition and origin of rhyolite melt intersected by drilling in the Krafla geothermal field, Iceland, Contribution to Mineralogy and Petrology, 165, 327–347, 2013.


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