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Schrumpf, M. (X)

       
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The people vs Daniel Schrumpf; misdemeanor, adulteration of milk; record, testimony and proceedings in the Court of General Sessions in and for the City and County of New York 1876

By: Schrumpf, Daniel; New York (County). Court of General Sessions

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; American University Library Collection

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The People Vs Daniel Schrumpf; Misdemeanor, Adulteration of Milk; Record, Testimony and Proceedings in the Court of General Sessions in and for the City and County of New York 1876

By: Schrumpf, Daniel; New York (County). Court of General Sessions

...AND Classic Literature Collection World Public Library.org DANIEL SCHRUMPF Title: THE PEOPLE VS. DANIEL SCHRUMPF Author: JOSIAH SUTHERLA... ... December Term, 1876. HON. JOSIAH SUTHERLAND, Presiding. THE PEOPLE DANIEL SCHRUMPF. MISDEMEANOR. VS. ADULTERATION OF MILK. RECORD, TESTIMONY AND PROC... ... E. 1 210 DR. C. A. DOREMUS, New York 220, 256 A. S.CASPAR.. . 220 DANIEL SCHRUMPF, Defendant, Milk Dealer 233 JACOB SCHRUMPF, Son of Defendant 235 J... ...and O'CONNOR on the cows of the Mulford Farm.. . 280 1 THE PEOPLE AGAINST SCHRUMPF. NOTE. The great importance of the testimony in the case of The Pe... ...The great importance of the testimony in the case of The People vs. Daniel Schrumpf, tried at a Court of General Ses- sions held in and for the City a... ...o as calling for a conclusion.) Q. What occurred between yourself and Mr. ^Schrumpf, the defendant in this case, about that ? A. After I left the stor... ...pf, the defendant in this case, about that ? A. After I left the store Mr. Schrumpf's son approached me and touchedme on the shoulderand asked me COUE... ... time you were there ? A. Yes, sir ; and he told me that he was the son of Schrumpf. Q. This son of Schrumpf's was in the store at the time you made t... ...est made ? A. Yes, sir. Q. Was anything said by him in the presence of Mr. Schrumpf and yourself, or did Mr. Schrumpf say anything to you ? A. Mr. Sch...

Milk -- Analysis and examination

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Usumnasirutʻiwnkʻ hay lezui ew matenagrutʻean

By: Schrumpf, Gustav A., 1844-1892.; Zarbhanalean, Garegin, 1827-1901

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; Historical Literature; Romanized; A translation of the author's Les études arméniennes en Europe, siècles XIV-XIX, first published in London in the French paper L'Arménie....

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How Accurately Can Soil Organic Carbon Stocks and Stock Changes Be Quantified by Soil Inventories? : Volume 8, Issue 5 (18/05/2011)

By: K. Kaiser; E. D. Schulze; J. Schumacher; M. Schrumpf

Description: Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany. Precise determination of changes in organic carbon (OC) stocks is prerequisite to understand the role of soils in the global cycling of carbon and to verify changes in stocks due to management. A large dataset was collected to form base to repeated soil inventories at 12 CarboEurope sites under different climate and land-use, and with different soil types. Concentration of OC, bulk density (BD), and fine earth fraction were determined to 60 cm depth at 100 sampling points per site. We investigated (1) time needed to detect changes in soil OC, assuming future re-sampling of 100 cores; (2) the contribution of different sources of uncertainties to OC stocks; (3) the effect of OC stock calculation on mass rather than volume base for change detection; and (4) the potential use of pedotransfer functions (PTF) for estimating BD in repeated inventories.

The period of time needed for soil OC stocks to change strongly enough to be detectable depends on the spatial variability of soil properties, the depth increment considered, and the rate of change....

Agnelli, A., Trumbore, S. E., Corti, G., and Ugolini, F. C.: The dynamics of organic matter in rock fragments in soil investigated by 14C dating and measurements of 13C, Eur. J. Soil Sci., 53, 147–159, 2002.; Bellamy, P. H., Loveland, P. J., Bradley, R. I., Lark, R. M., and Kirk, G. J. D.: Carbon losses from all soils across England and Wales 1978–2003, Nature, 437, 245–248, 2005.; Berg, B., Johansson, M. B., Nilsson, A., Gundersen, P., and Norell, L.: Sequestration of carbon in the humus layer of Swedish forests – direct measurements, Can. J. Forest Res., 39, 962–975, 2009.; Conant, R. T. and Paustian, K.: Spatial variability of soil organic carbon in grasslands: implications for detecting change at different scales, Environ. Pollut., 116, S127–S135, 2002.; Conen, F., Zerva, A., Arrouays, D., Jolivet, C., Jarvis, P. G., Grace, J., and Mencuccini, M.: The carbon balance of forest soils: detectability of changes in soil carbon stocks in temperate and Boreal forests, SEB Exp. Biol. Ser., 235–249, 2005.; Corti, G., Ugolini, F. C., Agnelli, A., Certini, G., Cuniglio, R., Berna, F., and Sanjurjo, M. J. F.: The soil ...

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How Accurately Can Soil Organic Carbon Stocks and Stock Changes Be Quantified by Soil Inventories? : Volume 8, Issue 1 (24/01/2011)

By: K. Kaiser; J. Schumacher; E. D. Schulze; M. Schrumpf

Description: Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany. Precise determination of changes in organic carbon (OC) stocks is prerequisite to understand the role of soils in the global cycling of carbon and to verify changes in stocks due to management. A large dataset was collected to form base to repeated soil inventories at 12 CarboEurope sites under different climate and land-use, and with different soil types. Concentration of OC, bulk density (BD), and fine earth fraction were determined to 60 cm depth at 100 sampling points per site. We investigated (1) time needed to detect changes in soil OC, assuming future re-sampling of 100 cores; (2) the contribution of different sources of uncertainties to OC stocks; (3) the effect of OC stock calculation on mass rather than volume base for change detection; and (4) the potential use of pedotransfer functions (PTF) for estimating BD in repeated inventories.

The period of time needed for soil OC stocks to change strongly enough to be detectable depends on the spatial variability of soil properties, the depth...

Agnelli, A., Trumbore, S. E., Corti, G., and Ugolini, F. C.: The dynamics of organic matter in rock fragments in soil investigated by 14C dating and measurements of 13C, Eur. J. Soil Sci., 53, 147–159, 2002.; Bellamy, P. H., Loveland, P. J., Bradley, R. I., Lark, R. M., and Kirk, G. J. D.: Carbon losses from all soils across England and Wales 1978–2003, Nature, 437, 245–248, 2005.; Berg, B., Johansson, M. B., Nilsson, A., Gundersen, P., and Norell, L.: Sequestration of carbon in the humus layer of Swedish forests – direct measurements, Can. J. Forest Res., 39, 962–975, 2009.; Conant, R. T. and Paustian, K.: Spatial variability of soil organic carbon in grasslands: implications for detecting change at different scales, Environ. Pollut., 116, S127–S135, 2002.; Conen, F., Zerva, A., Arrouays, D., Jolivet, C., Jarvis, P. G., Grace, J., and Mencuccini, M.: The carbon balance of forest soils: detectability of changes in soil carbon stocks in temperate and Boreal forests, SEB Exp. Biol. Ser., 235–249, 2005.; Corti, G., Ugolini, F. C., Agnelli, A., Certini, G., Cuniglio, R., Berna, F., and Sanjurjo, M. J. F.: The soil ...

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Storage and Stability of Organic Carbon in Soils as Related to Depth, Occlusion Within Aggregates, and Attachment to Minerals : Volume 9, Issue 9 (21/09/2012)

By: T. Persson; K. Kaiser; G. Guggenberger; I. Kögel-knabner; E.-d. Schulze; M. Schrumpf

Description: Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Hans-Knöll-Straße 10, 07745 Jena, Germany. Conceptual models suggest that stability and age of organic carbon (OC) in soil depends on the source of plant litter, occlusion within aggregates, incorporation in organo-mineral complexes, and location within the soil profile. Various tools like density fractionation, mineralization experiments, and radiocarbon analyses have been used to study the importance of these mechanisms. We systematically apply them to a range of European soils to test whether general controls emerge even for soils that vary in vegetation, soil types, parent material, and land use. At each of the 12 study sites, 10 soil cores were sampled in 10 cm depth intervals to 60 cm depth and subjected to density separation. Bulk soil samples and density fractions (free light fractions – fLF, occluded light fractions – oLF, heavy fractions – HF) were analysed for OC, total nitrogen (TN), Δ13C, and Δ14C. Bulk samples were also incubated to determine mineralizable OC.

Declining OC-normalized CO2 rel...

Alvarez, C. R., Alvarez, R., Grigera, S., and Lavado, R. S.: Associations between organic matter fractions and the active soil microbial biomass, Soil Biol. Biochem., 30, 767–773, 1998.; Baisden, W. T. and Parfitt, R. L.: Bomb C-14 enrichment indicates decadal C pool in deep soil?, Biogeochemistry, 85, 59–68, 2007.; Alvarez, R. and Alvarez, C. R.: Soil organic matter pools and their associations with carbon mineralization kinetics, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 64, 184–189, 2000.; Balesdent, J., Chenu, C., and Balabane, M.: Relationship of soil organic matter dynamics to physical protection and tillage, Soil Tillage Res., 53, 215–230, 2000.; Bird, J. A. and Torn, M. S.: Fine roots vs. needles: a comparison of C-13 and N-15 dynamics in a ponderosa pine forest soil, Biogeochemistry, 79, 361–382, 2006.; Bird, J. A., Herman, D. J., and Firestone, M. K.: Rhizosphere priming of soil organic matter by bacterial groups in a grassland soil, Soil Biol. Biochem., 43, 718–725, 2011.; Cerli, C., Celi, L., Kalbitz, K., Guggenberger, G., and Kaiser, K.: Separation of light and heavy organic matter fractions in soil – testing for proper density cut-off an...

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Storage and Stability of Organic Carbon in Soils as Related to Depth, Occlusion Within Aggregates, and Attachment to Minerals : Volume 10, Issue 3 (13/03/2013)

By: E.-d. Schulze; G. Guggenberger; K. Kaiser; T. Persson; M. Schrumpf; I. Kögel-knabner

Description: Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Hans-Knöll-Straße 10, 07745 Jena, Germany. Conceptual models suggest that stability of organic carbon (OC) in soil depends on the source of plant litter, occlusion within aggregates, incorporation in organo-mineral complexes, and location within the soil profile. Density fractionation is a useful tool to study the relevance of OC stabilization in aggregates and in association with minerals, but it has rarely been applied to full soil profiles. We aim to determine factors shaping the depth profiles of physically unprotected and mineral associated OC and test their relevance for OC stability across a range of European soils that vary in vegetation, soil types, parent material, and land use. At each of the 12 study sites, 10 soil cores were sampled to 60 cm depth and subjected to density separation. Bulk soil samples and density fractions (free light fractions – fLF, occluded light fractions – oLF, heavy fractions – HF) were analysed for OC, total nitrogen (TN), Δ14C, and Δ14C. Bulk samples were also incubated to determine CO2 e...

Alvarez, R. and Alvarez, C. R.: Soil organic matter pools and their associations with carbon mineralization kinetics, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 64, 184–189, 2000.; Alvarez, C. R., Alvarez, R., Grigera, S., and Lavado, R. S.: Associations between organic matter fractions and the active soil microbial biomass, Soil Biol. Biochem., 30, 767–773, 1998.; Baisden, W. T. and Parfitt, R. L.: Bomb 14C enrichment indicates decadal C pool in deep soil?, Biogeochemistry, 85, 59–68, 2007.; Balesdent, J, Chenu, C., and Balabane, M.: Relationship of soil organic matter dynamics to physical protection and tillage, Soil Till. Res., 53, 215–230, 2000.; Bird, J. A. and Torn, M. S.: Fine roots vs. Needles: A comparison of 13C and 15N dynamics in a ponderosa pine forest soil, Biogeochemistry, 79, 361–382, 2006.; Bird, J. A., Herman, D. J., and Firestone, M. K.: Rhizosphere priming of soil organic matter by bacterial groups in a grassland soil, Soil Biol. Biochem., 43, 718–725, 2011.; Boström, B., Comstedt, D., and Ekblad, A.: Isotope fractionation and 13C enrichment in soil profiles during the decomposition of soi...

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The people vs. Daniel Schrumpf

By: Prentice, William Packet, 1834-1915. ; Schrumpf, Daniel.
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Usumnasirutiwnk Hay Lezui Ew Matenagrutean

By: Schrumpf, Gustav A., 1844-1892.; Zarbhanalean, Garegin, 1827-1901

Contributor: Digitized from the holdings of the Open Content Alliance (OCA) ; University of Michigan

Romanized ; A translation of the author's Les e?tudes arme?niennes en Europe, sie?cles XIV-XIX, first published in London in the French paper L'Arme?nie. The translator, G. Zarbhanalian, has expanded the original work ; Includes bibliographies ;...

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Mean Age of Carbon in Fine Roots from Temperate Forests and Grasslands with Different Management : Volume 10, Issue 3 (22/03/2013)

By: I. Schöning; J. Müller; S. Boch; M. Schrumpf; S. A. Socher; E. Solly; S. E. Trumbore

Description: Max-Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany. Fine roots are the most dynamic portion of a plant's root system and a major source of soil organic matter. By altering plant species diversity and composition, soil conditions and nutrient availability, and consequently belowground allocation and dynamics of root carbon (C) inputs, land-use and management changes may influence organic C storage in terrestrial ecosystems. In three German regions we measured fine root radiocarbon (14C) content to estimate the mean time since C in root tissues was fixed from the atmosphere in 54 grassland and forest plots with different management and soil conditions. Although root biomass was on average greater in grasslands 5.1 ± 0.8 g (mean ± SE, n = 27) than in forests 3.1 ± 0.5 g (n = 27), the mean age of C in fine roots in forests averaged 11.3 ± 1.8 yr and was significantly older and more variable compared to grasslands 1.7 ± 0.4 yr. We further found that management affects the mean age of fine root C in temperate grasslands mediated by changes in plant species diversit...

...r, A., Overmann, J., Polle, A., Pollierer, M. M., Scheu, S., Schloter, M., Schulze, E. D., Schulze, W., Weinert, J., Weisser, W. W., Wolters, V., and Schrumpf, M.: General relationships between abiotic soil properties and soil biota across spatial scales and different land-use types, PLoS One, 7, e43292, doi:<a href=http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043292>10.1371/jo...

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Mean Age of Carbon in Fine Roots from Temperate Forests and Grasslands with Different Management : Volume 10, Issue 7 (17/07/2013)

By: S. Boch; J. Müller; S. E. Trumbore; I. Schöning; M. Schrumpf; E. Solly; S. A. Socher

Description: Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany. Fine roots are the most dynamic portion of a plant's root system and a major source of soil organic matter. By altering plant species diversity and composition, soil conditions and nutrient availability, and consequently belowground allocation and dynamics of root carbon (C) inputs, land-use and management changes may influence organic C storage in terrestrial ecosystems. In three German regions, we measured fine root radiocarbon (14C) content to estimate the mean time since C in root tissues was fixed from the atmosphere in 54 grassland and forest plots with different management and soil conditions. Although root biomass was on average greater in grasslands 5.1 ± 0.8 g (mean ± SE, n = 27) than in forests 3.1 ± 0.5 g (n = 27) (p < 0.05), the mean age of C in fine roots in forests averaged 11.3 ± 1.8 yr and was older and more variable compared to grasslands 1.7 ± 0.4 yr (p < 0.001). We further found that management affects the mean age of fine root C in temperate grasslands mediated by changes in plant species di...

...r, A., Overmann, J., Polle, A., Pollierer, M. M., Scheu, S., Schloter, M., Schulze, E. D., Schulze, W., Weinert, J., Weisser, W. W., Wolters, V., and Schrumpf, M.: General Relationships between Abiotic Soil Properties and Soil Biota across Spatial Scales and Different Land-Use Types, PLoS One, 7, e43292, <a href=http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043292>doi:10.1371/jo...

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The People Vs Daniel Schrumpf; Misdemeanor, Adulteration of Milk; Record, Testimony and Proceedings in the Court of General Sessions in and for the City and County of New York 1876

By: Schrumpf, Daniel, Defendant; New York (State). Court of General Sessions (New York County)

...876. Hon. JOSIAH SUTHERLAND, I^esiding, t THE PEOPLE \ MISDEMEANOR. DANIEL SCHRUMPF. ) ADULTERATION OF MILK. RECORD, TESTIMONY AND PROCEEDINGS, W. p. ... ...alleb and O'Connoe on the cows of the Mulford Farm 280 THE PEOPLE AGAINST SCHRUMPF. NOTE. The great importance of the testimony in the case of The Pe... ...to as calling for a conclusion.) Q. What occurred between yourself and Mr. Schrumpf, the defendant in this case, about that ? A. After I left the stor... ...pf, the defendant in this case, about that ? A. After I left the store Mr. Schrumpf's son approachedme and touchedme on the shoulderand asked me — Cou... .... Yes, sir ; and he told me that he was the son of Schrumpi Q. This son of Schrumpf's was in the store at the time you made this experiment ? A. Yes, ... ...est made ? A. Yes, sir. Q. Was anything said by him in the presence of Mr. Schrumpf and yourself, or did Mr. Schrumpf say anything to you ? A. Mr. Sch... ...now what they all said to me, you know. Q. Where were you when this son of Schrumpf came to you, outside the building or in ? A. I was outside. Q. Wha... ...o not remember. 20 TESTIMONY OF JOHN BLAKE WHITE. Q. Do yoTi know whether Schrumpf saw him approaching you? A. I do not. Q. Now, sir, among the exper... ... the People—You said that this instrument was vibrating when the defendant Schrumpf was reading it? A. Yes, sir. Q. Now, the reading you took was afte...

Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821

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Modeling the Vertical Soil Organic Matter Profile Using 210PbEx Measurements and Bayesian Inversion : Volume 8, Issue 4 (21/07/2011)

By: P. Kabat; I. Schöning; B. Kruijt; M. R. Hoosbeek; M. Schrumpf; C. Beer; M. C. Braakhekke; T. Wutzler; J. Kattge; M. Reichstein

Description: Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, P.O. Box 100164, 07701 Jena, Germany. In view of its potential significance for soil organic matter (SOM) cycling, the vertical SOM distribution in the profile should be considered in models. To mechanistically predict the SOM profile, three additional processes should be represented compared to bulk SOM models: (vertically distributed) rhizodeposition, mixing due to bioturbation, and movement with the liquid phase as dissolved organic matter. However, the convolution of these processes complicates parameter estimation based on the vertical SOM distribution alone. Measurements of the atmospherically produced isotope 210Pbex may provide the additional information needed to constrain the processes. Since 210Pbex enters the soil at the surface and bind strongly to organic matter it is an effective tracer for SOM transport. In order to study the importance of root input, bioturbation, and liquid phase transport for SOM profile formation we performed Bayesian parameter estimation of the previously developed mechanistic SOM prof...

...I, Spatially-dependent, diffusive mixing, Am. J. Sci., 286, 161–198, 1986.; Braakhekke, M. C., Beer, C., Hoosbeek, M. R., Reichstein, M., Kruijt, B., Schrumpf, M., and Kabat, P.: {SOMPROF}: A vertically explicit soil organic matter model, Ecol. Model., 222, 1712–1730, 2011.; Buurman, P. and Jongmans, A. G.: Podzolisation and soil organic matter dynamics, Geoderma, 125, 71–...

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Modeling the Vertical Soil Organic Matter Profile Using Bayesian Parameter Estimation : Volume 9, Issue 8 (21/08/2012)

By: I. Schöning; J. Kattge; C. Beer; M. Reichstein; P. Kabat; M. Schrumpf; M. R. Hoosbeek; M. C. Braakhekke; B. Kruijt; T. Wutzler

Description: Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, P.O. Box 100164, 07701 Jena, Germany. The vertical distribution of soil organic matter (SOM) in the profile may constitute a significant factor for soil carbon cycling. However, the formation of the SOM profile is currently poorly understood due to equifinality, caused by the entanglement of several processes: input from roots, mixing due to bioturbation, and organic matter leaching. In this study we quantified the contribution of these three processes using Bayesian parameter estimation for the mechanistic SOM profile model SOMPROF. Based on organic carbon measurements, 13 parameters related to decomposition and transport of organic matter were estimated for two temperature forest soils: an Arenosol with a mor humus form (Loobos, The Netherlands), and a Cambisol with mull type humus (Hainich, Germany). Furthermore, the use of the radioisotope 210Pbex as tracer for vertical SOM transport was studied.

For Loobos the calibration results demonstrate the importance of liquid phase transport for shaping the vertical SOM profile, while th...

...sed on the Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1994.; Braakhekke, M. C., Beer, C., Hoosbeek, M. R., Reichstein, M., Kruijt, B., Schrumpf, M., and Kabat, P.: {SOMPROF}: A vertically explicit soil organic matter model, Ecol. Model., 222, 1712–1730, 2011.; Burden, R. L.: Numerical analysis, Belmont, California, Brooks/Cole, 8th edn., 2004.; Buurman, P. a...

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Sun-induced Chlorophyll Fluorescence and Pri Improve Remote Sensing Gpp Estimates Under Varying Nutrient Availability in a Typical Mediterranean Savanna Ecosystem : Volume 12, Issue 14 (30/07/2015)

By: J. Guan; M. Rossini; G. Moreno; F. Fava; M. Reichstein; M. Schrumpf; T. Julitta; M. Migliavacca; O. Kolle; O. Perez-priego; N. Carvalhais; T. Wutzler; A. Carrara

Description: Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Biogeochemical Integration department, Jena, Germany. This study investigates the performances of different optical indices to estimate gross primary production (GPP) of herbaceous stratum in a Mediterranean savanna with different Nitrogen (N) and Phosphorous (P) availability. Sun-induced chlorophyll Fluorescence yield computed at 760 nm (Fy760), scaled-photochemical reflectance index (sPRI), MERIS terrestrial-chlorophyll index (MTCI) and Normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) were computed from near-surface field spectroscopy measurements collected using high spectral resolution spectrometers covering the visible near-infrared regions. GPP was measured using canopy-chambers on the same locations sampled by the spectrometers. We hypothesized that light-use efficiency (LUE) models driven by remote sensing quantities (RSM) can better track changes in GPP caused by nutrient supplies compared to those driven exclusively by meteorological data (MM). Particularly, we compared the performances of different RSM formulations ...

Akaike, H.: Information theory and an extension of the maximum likelihood principle, in: Selected Papers of Hirotugu Akaike, edited by: Parzen, E., Tanabe, K., and Kitagawa, G., Springer Series in Statistics, Springer, New York, 199–213, 1998.; Anderson, D. R., Burnham, K. P., and Thompson, W. L.: Null hypothesis testing: problems, prevalence, and an alternative, J. Wildlife Manage., 64, 912–923, 2000.; Baret, F., Houlès, V., and Guérif, M.: Quantification of plant stress using remote sensing observations and crop models: the case of nitrogen management, J. Exp. Bot., 58, 869–880, 2007.; Barton, C. V. M. and North, P. R. J.: Remote sensing of canopy light use efficiency using the photochemical reflectance index: model and sensitivity analysis, Remote Sens. Environ., 78, 264–273, 2001.; Bates, D. M. and Watts, D. G.: Frontmatter, in: Nonlinear Regression Analysis and Its Applications, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA, 40–43, 2008.; Campbell, P. K. E., Middleton, E. M., Corp, L. A., and Kim, M. S.: Contribution of chlorophyll fluorescence to the apparent vegetation reflectance, Sci. Total Environ., 404, 433–439, 2008.; Cendre...

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Modeling the Vertical Soil Organic Matter Profile Using Bayesian Parameter Estimation : Volume 10, Issue 1 (24/01/2013)

By: C. Beer; T. Wutzler; J. Kattge; M. Schrumpf; B. Kruijt; I. Schöning; M. C. Braakhekke; P. Kabat; M. Reichstein; B. Ahrens; M. R. Hoosbeek

Description: Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, P.O. Box 100164, 07701 Jena, Germany. The vertical distribution of soil organic matter (SOM) in the profile may constitute an important factor for soil carbon cycling. However, the formation of the SOM profile is currently poorly understood due to equifinality, caused by the entanglement of several processes: input from roots, mixing due to bioturbation, and organic matter leaching. In this study we quantified the contribution of these three processes using Bayesian parameter estimation for the mechanistic SOM profile model SOMPROF. Based on organic carbon measurements, 13 parameters related to decomposition and transport of organic matter were estimated for two temperate forest soils: an Arenosol with a mor humus form (Loobos, the Netherlands), and a Cambisol with mull-type humus (Hainich, Germany). Furthermore, the use of the radioisotope 210Pbex as tracer for vertical SOM transport was studied. For Loobos, the calibration results demonstrate the importance of organic matter transport with the liquid phase for shaping the vertical SOM profile...

...utsch, W., Larsen, K. S., Lehuger, S., Loubet, B., McKenzie, R., Moors, E., Osborne, B., Pilegaard, K., Rebmann, C., Saunders, M., Schmidt, M. W. I., Schrumpf, M., Seyfferth, J., Skiba, U., Soussana, J. F., Sutton, M. A., Tefs, C., Vowinckel, B., Zeeman, M. J., and Kaupenjohann, M.: Dissolved carbon leaching from soil is a crucial component of the net ecosystem carbon bala...

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A Call for International Soil Experiment Networks for Studying, Predicting, and Managing Global Change Impacts : Volume 1, Issue 2 (24/08/2015)

By: P. Crill; Y. Luo; P. J. Hanson; B. Zhu; M. Schrumpf; M. S. Torn; J. Six; I. A. Janssens; M. W. I. Schmidt; C. H. Pries; C. Rumpel; A. Chabbi

Description: Earth Sciences Division, Berkeley Lab, and UC Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. No abstract available.

Bai, E., Li, S. L., Xu, W. H., Li, W., Dai, W. W., and Jiang, P.: A meta-analysis of experimental warming effects on terrestrial nitrogen pools and dynamics, New Phytol., 199, 441–451, 2013.; Banwart, S., Menon, M., Bernasconi, S. M., Bloem, J., Blum, W. E. H., Maia de Souza, D., Davidsdotir, B., Duffy, C., Lair, G. J., Kram, P., Lamacova, A., Lundin, L., Nikolaidis, N. P., Novak, M., Panagos, P., Ragnarsdottir, K. V., Reynolds, B., Robinson, D., Rousseva, S., de Ruiter, P., van Gaans, P., Weng, L., White, T., and Zhang, B.: Soil processes and functions across an international network of Critical Zone Observatories: Introduction to experimental methods and initial results, C. R. Geoscience, 344, 758–772, 2012.; Borer, E. T., Harpole, W. S., Adler, P. B., Lind, E. M., Orrock, J. L., Seabloom, E. W., and Smith, M. D.: Finding generality in ecology: a model for globally distributed experiments, Methods Ecol. Evolut., 5, 65–73, doi:10.1111/2041-210X.12125, 2014.; Bradford, M. A., Davies, C. A., Frey, S. D., Maddox, T. R., Melillo, J. M., Mohan, J. E., Reynolds, J. F., Treseder, K. K....

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A Call for International Soil Experiment Networks for Studying, Predicting, and Managing Global Change Impacts : Volume 2, Issue 1 (17/02/2015)

By: Y. Luo; C. H. Pries; P. J. Hanson; C. Rumpel; M. W. I. Schmidt; M. Schrumpf; A. Chabbi; P. Crill; M. S. Torn; J. Six; I. A. Janssens; B. Zhu

Description: Earth Sciences Division, Berkeley Lab, and UC Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA. No abstract available.

Bai, E., Li, S. L., Xu, W. H., Li, W., Dai, W. W., and Jiang, P.: A meta-analysis of experimental warming effects on terrestrial nitrogen pools and dynamics, New Phytol., 199, 441–451, 2013.; Borer, E. T., Harpole, W. S., Adler, P. B., Lind, E. M., Orrock, J. L., Seabloom, E. W., and Smith, M. D.: Finding generality in ecology: a model for globally distributed experiments, Methods Ecol. Evolut., 5, 65–73, doi:10.1111/2041-210X.12125, 2014.; Bradford, M. A., Davies, C. A., Frey, S. D., Maddox, T. R., Melillo, J. M., Mohan, J. E., Reynolds, J. F., Treseder, K. K., and Wallenstein, M. D.: Thermal adaptation of soil microbial respiration to elevated temperature, Ecol. Lett., 11, 1316–1327, 2008.; Chabbi, A., Kögel-Knabner, I., and Rumpel, C.: Stabilised carbon in subsoil horizons is located in spatially distinct parts of the soil profile, Soil Biol. Biochem., 41, 256–271, 2009.; Davidson, E. A. and Janssens, I. A.: Temperature sensitivity of soil carbon decomposition and feedbacks to climate change, Nature, 440, 165–173, 2006.; Cheng, W. X., Parton, W. J., Gonzalez-Meler, M. A., Phil...

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