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World Health Organization : Year 1985-86, Whd 85.1: Framework for Assessing Women’s Aspects of Health Development Programmes

By: World Health Organization Women, Health and Devlopment

Medical Reference Publication

The Strategies for Health for All by the Year 2000 clearly articulate the need for reorienting approaches and methods of health development programmes in order to better reflect the policies o Member States of the World Health Organization. The Health for All series of publicationsfl) describes this process. This Framework is meant to contribute to that effort by suggesting ways of looking at women's aspects, as part of the managerial processes. There is now a growing concensus on the importance of addressing women's issues for the achievement of Health for All. As a result, people are asking for ideas on what questions to pose in planning and evaluating health development programmes, and on how t o m e women's issues into account. This framework is a type of checklist, comprised7 items and questions. It is not a rigid instrument, nor is it meant to be used in its. entirit,y in all situations. It will have to be appropriately adapted to each specific setting. Relevant items can be extracted and included in existing evaluation tools; or the framework can be used for a separate exercise....

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World Health Organization : Regional Office for the Western Pacific, Bureau Regional du Pacifique Occidental ; Year 1993, Working Group on Leprosy, Volume 78.2: Programme Planning and Evaluation for Leprosy Control

By: J. Walter, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

Programme formulation provides a l o g i c a l process f o r ensurinq a Pull a n a l y s i s of the current epidemiological, o p e r a t i o n a l , and managerial problems. 1 The formulation of d e t a i l e d programming such as t h a t Por leprosy control is p a r t of a much wider concept, country h e a l t h (CHP) and medium-term programming (MTP). The Sixth WHO General Programme of Work defined a programme a s an organized aggregate of s e r v i c e s , a c t i v i t i e s and development p r o j e c t s d i r e c t e d towards the attainment of defined o b j e c t i v e s ... A programme should i d e a l l y include t h e p r e c i s e o b j e c t i v e s , t a r g e t s , methods, manpower, physical facilities, f i n a n c i a l r e s o u r c e s , time, and t h e i r i n t e r - r e l a t i o n s h i p s required f o r t h e implementation of each s e r v i c e , a c t i v i t y and development p r o j e c t and f o r the aggregate of these s e r v i c e s , a c t i v i t i e s and p r o j e c t s of which the programme is c o n s t i t u t e d , as well a s output i n d i c a t o r s For the evaluation o r e f f i c i e n ...

CONTENTS 1 . INTRODUCTION .............................................. 1 2 . THE FORMULATION OF A DETAILED PROGRAMME ................... 2 2.1 Technical description of the detailed programme ...... 3 3 . PROGRAMME EVALUATION ...................................... 5 4 . RECOMMENDATIONS ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PROGRAMME PLANNING AND EVALUATION ................................... 7 SUMMARY ................................................... 8...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1981; Volume 59, Number 4, Year 1981 59 (4), Pages 567-573: Les Maladies a Transmission Sexuelle dans Un Detpartement Francais, 1978

By: J. Torgal Garcla

Medical Reference Publication

The writer was assigned t o the Ministry of Health, United Arab Emirates, for the WHO-assisted Primary Health Care (PHC) and Managerial Process for National Health Development (MPNHD) projects...

I INTRODUCTION .......................................... 1 II OVERVIEV ............................................. 1 III FINDINGS .............................................. 2 IV DISCUSSION ANC CONCLUSIONS ............................ 4 V RECOMMCNDATIONS ....................................... 8 VI PLAN OF ACTION ........................................ 9 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ....................................... 10 ANNEX LIST OF PERSONS MET ............................... 11...

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World Health Organization : World Health Forum, 1993 ; Volume 14 No. 4, Year 1993, Pages 360-365: Pursuing Better Health Care Delivery at District Level

By: Abdullahi M. Ahmed, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

In the urban and rural districts of Tanzania's Dodoma Region a process was adopted for identifying and solving problems of health care delivery. In a single year, considerable improvements were secured in both teamwork and attitudes towards coping with managerial obstacles....

NA

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World Health Organization Drug Information : Volume 6, No. 3, Year 1992, Pages 95: General Policy Topics

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Although the cold chain is a prerequisite in trop~cal countries, it had been assumed that temperate climates would not be a problem for vaccine distribution and that managerial and logistical diNiculties in an industrialized country would be minimal....

NA

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South-East Asia Series : Year 1985-93, South-East Asia Region ; Development of Health Service, Issue 152: Evaluating the Strategies for Health for All Using a Common Framework and Format (Second Evaluation), Dpr Korea

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

1. Evaluation Process The following managerial processhas been in operationin D.P.R.Korca for monitoring the processin the implementation of the nationalstrategy for the improvement of the health status of the people ....

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European Occupational Health Series : Year 1993; Icp, Infection Prevention and Control (Epi) Expanded Programme on Immunization, Volume 011, Issue 7: Managerial Issues a Summary Note on the Organization and Planning of Health Programs

By: Keith Barnard

Medical Reference Publication

Soon after the filling of the man-made Volta Lake in 1966, Schistosoma haematobium spread rapidly throughout most branches of the lake and soon became a public health problem. Early research into the epidemiology and transmission of the disease by Paperna (I) and also by C. R. Jones and hl. A. Odei (~npublished data), revealed that infection rates in humans and the vector snail, Bulinm rohifsi, were highest in areas where the submerged weed Ceralophyllum demersum was present in considerable density. Later malacological work by Paperna (2) showed that the weed was the most important plant for promoting large populations of vector snails....

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World Health Organization : Organisation Mondiale de la Sante ; Year 1984, South-East Asia Region ; Diarrhoeal Disease, Issue 16: Diarrheaz ; Disease Control Programme in South-East Asia

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Dr Soetrisno, Head of Yogyakarta Regional Office of Wealth Services, Ministry of Health, Indonesia, also highlighted the possible impact of this meeting on the diarrhoeal diseases control programe in Indonesi...

CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 Inaugural Session 2 . REVIEW OF THE CURRENT STATUS 2.1 Global Programme 2.2 Current Status of WHO Regional Programme for CDD 3. EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION 3.1 CDD Integration with Primary Health Care 3.2 Production and Distribution of ORS 3.3 Exchange of Managerial Information Systems of CDD Programmes of Two Sentinel Countries COUNTRY REVIEWS ON NATIONAL CDD PROGRAMMES INCLUDING FUTURE WORK PLAN FOR 1983-85 5. RECOMMENDATIONS ANNEXES 1. List of Participants and Secretariat 2. Agenda 3. Programme 4 . Repost on Diarrhoea1 Diseases Control Programme in the Countries of South-East Asia 5. Activities Involved for Regional CDD Work Plan 1983-85 6. Requirement Items for National CDDProgramaes for 1983-85 7. Research Priorities on Diarrhoea1 Diseases in South-East Asia Region...

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World Health Organization : (Emro) Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, Year 1993, Med.Leg 1 - in French: Rapport d’Expertise Concernant la Medecine Legale au Liban

By: J. Planques, Prof.

Medical Reference Publication

The successful implementation of the European strategy for Health for A l l by the Year 2000 implies, i n t e r a l i a , a careful and comprehensive evaluation of a l l programmes and a c t i v i t i e s leading to the achievement of the S t r a t e g y ' s goals. This applies with greatest relevance to the prograrmnes and a c t i v i t i e s of the Regional Office. The present document reviewa the evaluation mechanisms and procedures i n the Regional Office and t h e i r evaluation in recent years. Evaluation procedures are i n t e g r a l components of the managerial process for WHO programe development and as such of the WHO programe in the European Region....

NA

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World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 1979 ; Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 1979, 54Th Year, Pages 377-384, (N.C.B. Section, 49): Weekly Epidemiological Record Releve Epidemiologique Hebdomadaire

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

In May 1979, the EPI in the Americas produced the first edition of a periodlc publication whch will contain inforniatlon relevant to the programmes in that Region.' Included in the interesting reports relating to specific aspects (for example, training activities, the cold chain and managerial problems such as hncing) IS a section devoted to epidemiology. Many of the readers of the Weekly Epidetr~iologicaRl ecord w~lnl ot have access to this publication and it is intended therefore to reproduce those notes which it is cons~dered w~ll be of general interest. The following information on country operations in Costa Rica is given with this end in view....

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European Occupational Health Series : World Health Organization : Report on a European Syposium Convened by the Regional Office for Europe; Icp, Infection Prevention and Control Adr 043 (1): Health Care of the Elderly ; Report of Pre-Planning Meeting for the World Health Organization Preparatory Conference for the UN World Assembly on the Elderly

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTION 1. The Ninth Regional Programme Meeting (RPM.9) was held in Brazzaville from 18 to 20 November 1985 under the chairmanship of the Regional Director, D r G. L. Monekosso. The list of participants and the annotated programme of work a r e given i n Annexes 1 and 2. 2. The Regional Director focused h i s opening address on the preparation of the programme budget. 1988-1989, which w i l l be based on the programme budget policy of the countries of me Region. He pointed out that a f i r s t d r a f t had been studied by the Regional Committee which expressed o v e r a l l s a t i s f a c t i o n . 3. The guidelines for preparation of the progrannne budget 1988-1989 are on the whole f a i r l y similar to chose Lor 1986-1987. D r Monekosso emphasized the need to receive contributions from Coordinators along recommended lines and in good rime since che s t r u c t u r e of the programe budget 1988-1989 would be focused on the countries. 4, Finally, the Regional Director indicated the need to begin preparing the Eighth General Programe of Work (8GPW) while at the same time formulating the medium-tam programmes (MTPs) for chat p...

CONTENTS I Paragraphs INTRODUCTION ............................................... 1-4 PROGRAMME BUDGET POLICY FOR THE COUNTRIES OF THE UGION .... 5-38 FELLOWSHIP POLICY I N THE AFRICAN REGION .................... 39-54 I IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RESOLUTIONS AND DECISIONS OF THE THIRTY-FIFTH SESSION OF THE REGIONAL COMMITTEE ............. 55-56 EVALUATION OF WHO SUPPORT I N IMPLEMENTING STRATEGIES ....... 57-68 GUIDELINES FOR PREPARATION OF THE PROGRAMME BUDGET FOR THE PERIOD 1988-1989 ................................... 69-77 SUPPORTING BUDGETARY ASPECTS ............................... 78-85 PREPARATION OF THE EIGHTH GENEW PROGRAMME OF WORK (1990-1995) AND ITS MEDIUM-TERM PROGRAMMES ............ 86-100 ACCELERATING THE ACNIEVEMENTS OF HEALTH FOR ALL I N THE MEMBER STATES OF WHO I N THE AFRICAN REGION ....... i. ........ 101-126 CONCLUSION .................................................. 127-13k...

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World Health Organization : World Health Forum, 1982 ; Volume 3 No. 1, Year 1982, Pages 3-7: A Blueprint for Reorganizing Sri Lanka's Ministry of Health

By: Government White Paper

Medical Reference Publication

Today health is recognized as a multisectoral and multidisciplinary concern and an integral part of general socioeconomic development. As such it requires the exercise of managerial expertise in addition to professional medical skills. It was awareness of the need for the former that prompted the Ministry of Health of Sri Lanka to issue, in October 1980, a white paper outlining proposals for reorganizing the country's health system. The Sri Lankan Ministry of Health provides services to the county's entire population of 14.75 million people, at an annual cost of Rs 950 million (about US$51 million in 198 1). It has more than 43 000 employees, at over 300 different grades. Because of the day-to-day complexities of operating such an extensive enterprise, the Ministry of Health has had inadequate time for coping with the problems of development of services in a modern technological age in which a proper balance must be struck between sophistication and the felt needs of the people....

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 1988 ; Issue 9241542233, (Part 1): A Guide to Leprosy Control Second Edition

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

As a result of these developments, it became obvious, and necessary, that the Guide to leprosy control, published in 1980, should be thoroughly revised. The guide has proved to be a valuable document for both field workers and programme managers alike, and it is hoped that the revised version will meet all the current needs from the technical and managerial points of view. Earlier publications by WHO, such as the Fifth Report of the WHO Expert Committee on Leprosy3 and the reports of the two WHO Study Groups referred to above, as well as the recent sixth report of the WHO Expert Committee on Lepro~y,h~av e provided much of the material for this version....

Contents . . . Preface VIII Chapter 1 Magnitude of the problem and geographical distribution The problem of leprosy 1 Estimated number of leprosy patients 1 Population at risk 2 Registered cases 2 Disabilities 2 Social implications and importance as a public health problem 4 Trends in the geographical distribution of leprosy 4...

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World Health Organization : Regional Office for the Western Pacific, Bureau Regional du Pacifique Occidental ; Year 1993, The Organization of Medical Casualty Services, No. 4: Systems for Development of Efficient Hospitals

By: R. Glyn Thomas

Medical Reference Publication

Introduction Disraeli once said the heilth of the people is redly the foundation upon which dl their happiness and dl their power as a state depends. Hospitals are among the most important, cmpliaated and expennive components of tha system baing provided by countries to ensure adequate level of health of the people. A large progodion of the financial, managerial aml personnel resources assigned for health services is used in hospitd cam....

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World Health Organization : World Health Forum, 1997 ; Volume 18 No. 2, Year 1997, Pages 211-214: Primary Health Care ; Female Health Workers Boost Primary Care

By: Mohammad Ali Barzga

Medical Reference Publication

Women residing in villages in three districts of Pakistan were recruited, trained to deliver primary care and mobilize their communities for health, assigned to limited catchment areas, provided with supervisory and managerial support, and remunerated. Their comprehensive activities substantially reduced infant, child and maternal mortality within a year and generated positive perceptions of family planning in the communities. The programme was cost-effective and appeared suitable as a model for reforming the organization and provision of health care services. In 1993 the utilization rate of rural basic health services in Pakistan was only (9i,nd icating a need for improvoendly r e2s3p%on - slveness in intervention strategies. Facilitybased models were unable to link with families and communities at the grassroots level. Pilot interventions were therefore launched in the districts of Chakwal, Malir and Mastung in the provinces of Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan respectively....

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World Health Organization : Year 1985-86 ; Strengthening of Health Service, No. 85.5: Report on the Consultation on Operational Issues in the Transition from Vertical Programmes Toward Integrated Primary Health Care

By: A. C. Azevedo

Medical Reference Publication

BACKGROUND The deval.opment of national health systems during the past three decades has: been marked by two major trends: - thc establishment of so-called vertical programmes for control of specific priority health problems through a specialized infrastructure built around uni-purpose workers; - the development of general health service infrastructures focusing on the provision of curative services plus a variable range of preventive services. The limitations of these hasic health services in reaching large non-urban p~p~lations, and their limited attention to promotive and preventive health care, provided the underlying stimulrls for the development of the primary health care (PHC) approach, marked par~icularly by the WHOjUNICEF Conference on Primary Health Care in Alma-Ata in 1978....

CONTENTS INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 I. HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF THE EVOLUTION OF PRIMARY HEALTH CARE . . . . . . . 1 5 I . ORGANIZATIONAL ASPECTS OF THE TUNSITION FROM VERTICAL PROGRAMMES TOWARD INTEu?ULTW PRIMARY HEALTH CARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 111. THE COMMUNITY PERSPECTIVE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1 IV. ORIENTING MANPOWER TOWARD INTEGRATED APPROACHES TO PRlMARY HEALTH CARE . 43 v. INTERSECTORAL AND INTRASECTORAL OORDLNATION. ZNCLUDING RELATIONSHIPS I BETWEEN THZ MINISTRIES OF HEALTH AND SOCUL SECURITY 48 . . . . . . . . . . I VI. MANAGERIAL ISSUES IN INTEGRATION OF PRIMARY HEALTH CARE PROGRAMMES . . . 49 V I I . COVERAGE AND EFFECTIVENESS AS INDICATORS OF CURRENT PROBLEMS WITH PRIMARY HEALTH CARE AND FUTURE PROSPECTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 ANNEX 1: P r o v i s i o n a l L i s t of P a r t i c i p a n t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 ANNEX 2: Agenda . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 ANNEX 3: P r o p o s a l f o r s t u d y of o p e r a t i o n a l i s s u e 8 i n t h e e v o l u t i o n...

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European Occupational Health Series : 1994-97; Prevention in Primary Care, Hfap 94. 01 Cn01 (Iv), (3. 2): Reorienting Health Care for Health Gain through Innovative Managerial Approaches (Group D)

By: Josi Manuel, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

The second meeting of the European Platform on Multicultural Societies and Mental Health, hosted in Bonn on 29 January 1994 by the Wissenschatliches Institut des h z t e (WIAD), was attended by 19 mental health specialists and guests from various countries in the WHO European Region (Annex 3). Mr K. Schilder was Chairperson....

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1979; Volume 57, Number 5, Year 1979 57 (5), Pages 711-718: Research Proposals in Schistosomiasis

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Drinking-water supply and quality is a priority health and environment issue in Armenia and a number of waterborne outbreaks of disease have been identified in recent years. ?'he Ministry of Health of Armenia, with the support of WHO and ltalian Cooperation, has initiated a programme of activities intended to assist the Armenian national authorities in prevention and control of waterborne disease. The programme addresses managerial and technical aspects of safe drinking-water supply, as well as development of epidemiological methodologies for outbreak investigation and situation assessment....

I . Background ................................................................................................................................1. .......... 2 . Introduction .................................................................................................................................I.. ........ 3 . Opening .................................................... . . 4 . Organ~zat~oonf the work ..................................................................................................................... 2 . . 5 . Legislation and intersectoral coordination ...................................................................................2. ........ 6 . Financing of water supply .................... ... ..................................................................................5. ... 7 . Technical aspects ......................................................................................................................6.. ........... 8. Meeting resolution ..................... ... ...............................................................................................9. 9 . Closure ................

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World Health Organization : Year 1989 ; World Health Organization, Maternal and Child Health, No. 89.1: The Partograph a Managerial Tool for the Prevention of Prolonged Labour

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

introduction The t-ragedies of o b s t r u c t e d labour and r u p t u r e of t h e u t e r u s comprise one of t h e f i v e ma201 causes of maternal m o r t a l i t y and morbidity i n developing c o u n t r i e s ....

contents A. I n t r o d u c t i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 8. Background t o O p c r a t i o n ~ R e s e a r c h . . . . . . . . . . 1 C. A p p r o p r i a t e C e n t r e 8 f o r O p n r s t i o n s R e s e a r c h . . . . . . 2 D. P r o t o c o l O b j e c t i v e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 E. Hypotliene.: b e h i n d O p e r a t i o n s R e s e a r c h P r o t o c o l . . . . . . . 3 F. M e t h o d o l o e y o f O p e r a t i o n s R c s e a c c h . . . . . . . . . R C. D e t a i l e d Methodology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1. Collection o f d a t a p r i o r t o i n L r o d u c t i o n o f p a r t o g r a p h 3 2 . I n t r o d i ~ c t i o n o f t h e P a r t o g r a p h by means o f a t r a i n i , n e programme 5 3. E v a l u a t i o n of C ~ a i n i n g 6 4 . C o l l e c t i o n of d a t a a f t e r i n t r o d u c t i o n o f t h e P e r t o g r a p h 6 5. DatH a n a l y s i s 7 Annexes 1. Sample d a t a c o l l e c t i o n form8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2. S a m p l e t a b l e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13...

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World Health Organization : Report on a European Syposium Convened by the Regional Office for Europe, World Health Organization, Coordination Hrm, No. 74.1 - Revision 4, (85): Managerial Process for National Health Development Country Health Resource Utilization Review (Cru)

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

I . INTRODUCTION 1.1 At the Thirtieth World Health Assembly (May 1 9 7 7 ) , all the Member States unanimously adopted resolution WHA30.43, which decided thet the maln social target or povernments and WHO in the coming decades should be the attainment by all citizen& of the world by the year 2000 of a level of health that will permtc them to lead a socially and economically productive life, generally known as Health for All by the Year 2000 (HPA/2000)....

1. l n t r o d c ti o n ................................................. 3 1 I . Prlrposc of t h e Country Health Resource Utilization Review .... 4 111. Country Health Resource U t i l i z a t i o n Review Process ( P r e p a r a t i o n , Carrying-out. Follow-up) ....................... F I V . Suggested format and c o n t e n t s of t h e CRU document ............ 10 IV. 1. Format ................................................... 10 1. P r o p o s a l s f o r E x t e r n a l Funding ........................... 21 4. F i n a n c i a l I m p l i c a t i o n s of Propofials f o r E x t e r n a l Funding ....................................... 22 5. Supporting Annexe~ ....................................... 22...

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