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Customs in an Empirical Perspective : Some Questions and Issues for Debate, From a Selective Review of the Data

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...ues for debate, from a selective review of the data Daniel Kaufmann, The World Bank Presentation in Workshop on Managing Integrity in Customs Globa... ...r debate, from a selective review of the data Daniel Kaufmann, The World Bank Presentation in Workshop on Managing Integrity in Customs Global Foru... ...for debate Control of Corruption Map, 2002 Source for data: http://www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance/govdata2002 ; Map downloaded from : http://in... ...ldbank.org/wbi/governance/govdata2002 ; Map downloaded from : http://info.worldbank.org/governance/kkz2002/govmap.asp Colors are assigned according... ...d 75%; Light Green between 75% and 90% ; Dark Green above 90% Governance World Map: Regulatory Quality, 2002 Source for data: http://www.worldbank.o... ...ldbank.org/wbi/governance/govdata2002 ; Map downloaded from : http://info.worldbank.org/governance/kkz2002/govmap.asp Colors are assigned according... ... Source: GCS, 2002: “The combined effect of import tariffs, license fees, bank fees and time for red tape raise the cost of business by......” Brib... ...ion • Quality of Leadership Capacity Building in Customs and IFIs • World Bank, IaDB, IMF provide technical assistance to reformists/modernization •... ...n • Balkan project, Morocco, Senegal, Colombia, Peru, etc. [At the World Bank, contact Luc de Wulf] • Learning programs on Anticorruption and Gover...

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Corruption Within a Governance Framework : Practical Lessons from Empirical Evidence

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...ance Framework: Practical Lessons from Empirical Evidence Daniel Kaufmann, World Bank Institute www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Presentation at the S... ...ramework: Practical Lessons from Empirical Evidence Daniel Kaufmann, World Bank Institute www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Presentation at the Seminar... ...nk.org/wbi/governance Presentation at the Seminar on ‘Tackling Corruption Worldwide: From 0 to Hero’, St Hugh’s College, Oxford, March 21 st 2004 ... ...s 1982 JDW “Cancer of Corruption” Speech (10/96) State in a Changing World (97) • Public Expenditure, Financial Mgt. & Procurement Reforms • Di... ...ce 4. Progress on Governance and Anti-Corruption? 5. Limits to Generalized Worldwide & Regional Analyses? 6. Key Research Findings and Addressing Myth... ...x: Outlining Key Themes 10 Empirical Approach to Governance 1. ‘Macro’: Worldwide Aggregate Governance Indicators: 200 countries, 6 components, ... ... International • Expert Assessments from Governments, Multilaterals: World Bank CPIA, EBRD, State Dept. Human Rights Report 15 Inputs for Governance... ...versity Columbia U. State Failure Poll 84 developed and developing •World Bank Country Policy & Institution Assmnt Poll 136 developing •Gallup Intern... ...Reporters sans frontieres (RSF) Survey 138 developed and developing •World Bank/EBRD BEEPS Survey 27 transition economies •IMD, Lausanne World Competi...

...untries, but to illustrate performance measures to assist in drawing implications for strategy. It does not reflect official views on rankings by the World Bank or its Board of Directors. Errors are responsibility of the author(s), who benefited in this work from collaboration with many Bank staff and outside experts....

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Corruption Within a Broader Governance and Developmental Perspective : Some Lessons from Empirics and Experiencein Brief

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...ssons from Empirics and Experience—in brief Statement by Head of the World Bank Delegation to the Global Forum III 1 Dr. Daniel Kaufmann, D... ...from Empirics and Experience—in brief Statement by Head of the World Bank Delegation to the Global Forum III 1 Dr. Daniel Kaufmann, Directo... ...k Delegation to the Global Forum III 1 Dr. Daniel Kaufmann, Director, World Bank Institute Many thanks to the organizers and the hosts of th... ...gation to the Global Forum III 1 Dr. Daniel Kaufmann, Director, World Bank Institute Many thanks to the organizers and the hosts of the Glob... ...e. Before presenting the synthesis bullet lessons, let me note that the World Bank has been involved in hundreds of projects in scores of countrie... ...Before presenting the synthesis bullet lessons, let me note that the World Bank has been involved in hundreds of projects in scores of countries in a... ...s in all sectors, with the aim to help countries combat corruption. The World Bank has been very proactive in this area for over 5 years already. ... ...ll sectors, with the aim to help countries combat corruption. The World Bank has been very proactive in this area for over 5 years already. Indee... ...have had some successes in this area, others have not. The same apply to World Bank projects supporting countries in their anti-corruption efforts. ...

...h to table, based on our experiences and studies in this field at this juncture. Before presenting the synthesis bullet lessons, let me note that the World Bank has been involved in hundreds of projects in scores of countries in all sectors, with the aim to help countries combat corruption. The World Bank has been very proactive in this area for over 5 years already. Indee...

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Corruption and the Global Economy

By: Daniel Kaufmann
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Corruption and the Global Economy

By: Daniel Kaufmann
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Corruption : The Facts

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...nvironmental regulations, clear regulations to assure the soundness of the banking system, and stringent regulations on the trading of nuclear materia... ...verage of 22 staff weeks for low-bribing firms. Using data compiled by the World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report 1996, which surveyed 2... ...oing business. Further, the evidence from the 49 countries surveyed by the World Economic Forum reflects that where corruption is more prevalent, the ... ...tible to corruption in East Asian economies than in other countries in the world. This finding also challenges the contention that the East Asian expe... ...ctions (quotas), passports, customs and border-crossing documentation, and banking licenses; the implementation of price controls; the blocking of ent... ...g the financial sector, because market-determined interest rates, improved banking supervision, reserve-requirement compliance, and payment systems al... ...t obscure procurement procedures. A resolute and coordinated stance by the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and other multilateral a... ...ure procurement procedures. A resolute and coordinated stance by the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and other multilateral and bil... ... for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) is critical. The IMF, the World Bank, the World Trade Organization, the Organization of American Stat...

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Corrupcion, Desempeno Institucional Y Gobernabilidad

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...Daniel Kaufmann, Felipe Saez, y Francesca Recanatini, o visite: http://www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance/esp/ Los datos presentados aquí, basados en en... ...aís Mapa Mundial del Control de la Corrupcion Source for data: http://www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance/govdata2001.htm ; Map downloaded from : http:/... ...ank.org/wbi/governance/govdata2001.htm ; Map downloaded from : http://info.worldbank.org/governance/kkz/gov2001map.asp Colors are assigned according... ...ntrol de la Corrupcion – Adjustada por Ingreso Source for data: http://www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance/govdata2001.htm ; Map downloaded from : http:/... ...ank.org/wbi/governance/govdata2001.htm ; Map downloaded from : http://info.worldbank.org/governance/kkz/gov2001mapYadj.asp Colors are assigned accor...

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Corporate and Public Governance : Irreverent Links and Implications for Anticorruption

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...ce: Irreverent Links and Implications for Anticorruption Daniel Kaufmann, World Bank Institute www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Presentation at the P... ...reverent Links and Implications for Anticorruption Daniel Kaufmann, World Bank Institute www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Presentation at the Partner... ...ainst Corruption at the Business, NGO and Development Conference, at The World Bank Washington, DC, April 10 th , 2006 2 Main Issues • Overall Gove... ... Corruption at the Business, NGO and Development Conference, at The World Bank Washington, DC, April 10 th , 2006 2 Main Issues • Overall Governance... ...ive periods: 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2004 5 Control of Corruption, 2004: World Map Source for data: : 'Governance Matters IV: Governance Indicators ... ...ators for 1996-2004’, D. Kaufmann, A. Kraay and M. Mastruzzi, (http://www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance/govdata/); Colors are assigned according to t... ...ators for 1996-2004’, D. Kaufmann, A. Kraay and M. Mastruzzi, (http://www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance/govdata/); Colors are assigned according to t... ...its--substitute to over-regulating 4. Engage Bussiness Associations, MNCs, Banking, etc 5. Money in Politics: Political & Campaign Finance Reform 6. F... ...e Private Sector 25 Challenging Ourselves to go to the Next Level • World Bank: Project Design, Selectivity & Signal, Investigation, Sanctions, Pub...

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Constructing Governance Indicators Matters

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...ritories for 1996-2004, and the research papers, can be accessed at: www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance For Conference on Constructing an Index for E... ...nce Data • Cross-Country Surveys of Firms: Global Competitiveness Survey, World Business Environment Survey, World Competitiveness Yearbook, BEEPS •... ...• Expert Assessments from Commercial Risk Rating Agencies: DRI, PRS, EIU, World Markets Online, Merchant International Group, IJET Travel Consultanc... ...inghamton University • Expert Assessments from Governments, Multilaterals: World Bank CPIA, EBRD, AFDB, ADB, UNECA, State Dept. Human Rights Report ... ...ton University • Expert Assessments from Governments, Multilaterals: World Bank CPIA, EBRD, AFDB, ADB, UNECA, State Dept. Human Rights Report 7 Exam... ...ol of Corruption: one Aggregate Indicator (selected countries from 204 worldwide, for illustration, based on 2004 research data) -2.5 0 2.5 EQUATO...

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Click Refresh Button Investment Climate Reconsidered

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...16 Development Outreach WORLD BANK INSTITUTE SPECIAL REPORT BY DANIEL KAUFMANN “‘Have dinner menus here a... ...pointed to a challenge circum- scribed within one country or region of the world. Years later, John Lloyd would write in The Financial Times: “The oli... .... These findings have enjoyed some exposure and dis- cussion in the policy world, such as parliamentary debate (Russia), or the publication of a full-... ...ually accounting for chal- lenges of capture and influence, such as in the Bank reports on Anti-Corruption in Transition, and in the recently launched... ...ank reports on Anti-Corruption in Transition, and in the recently launched World Development Report 2005. However, concrete progress in terms of coun... ... cost. More recently, thanks to the enterprise surveys carried out by the World Economic Forum (WEF) for the Global Competitiveness Report (GCR), we ... ...ption and bureaucracy, emerges as the most binding constraint, on average, worldwide, named as one of the top three constraints by firms in 79 out of ... ...”); GCI based on GCR calculations for 2004/2005; GDP per capita from World Bank. Gains in competitiveness based on regression estimates of the impact ... ... debarred firms from international bidding due to corruption, as the World Bank has done. n Accounting for the political forces affecting the particu...

...THIS ANECDOTE by no means pointed to a challenge circumscribed within one country or region of the world. Years later, John Lloyd would write in The Financial Times: ?The oligarchs were so called because they had real power, state power. They wrote laws. They appointed ministers, often entire cabinets, and made sure that t...

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Civil Liberties, Democracy, And the Performance of Government Projects

By: Daniel Kaufmann

... LANT PRITCHETT AND DANIEL KAUFMANN investment projects financed by the World Bank. Two indicators of a project's success were used: the project'... ...T PRITCHETT AND DANIEL KAUFMANN investment projects financed by the World Bank. Two indicators of a project's success were used: the project's econ... ... project accomplished its developmental objectives. One might think that Bank researchers would investigate the success or failure of Bank projects... ...would investigate the success or failure of Bank projects to examine the Bank's performance. Although evaluators at the Bank do use such indicators... ... the Bank do use such indicators for that purpose, data on the success of Bank-financed projects also serve as indicators of borrower country perfo... ...untry performance, for three reasons. First, the projects financed by the World Bank are undertaken by the borrowing country's government, which is... ...they chose. Lant Pritchett, a US: national, is a Senior Economist in the World Bank's Development Research Group. 26 Finance & Developmen... ...rch 1998 Daniel Kaufmann, a Chilean national, is a Lead Economist in the World Bank's Development Research Group. Table 1 Relationship between ... ...“Civil Liberties, Democracy, and the Performance of Government Projects,” World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 11 (May), pp. 219-42 Note: The reported e...

...One might think that Bank researchers would investigate the success or failure of Bank projects to examine the Bank's performance. Although evaluators at the Bank do use such indicators for that purpose, data on the success of Bank-financed proje...

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Chapter 2. 1 Myths and Realities of Governance and Corruption

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...R 2.1 Myths and Realities of Governance and Corruption DANIEL KAUFMANN, 1 World Bank Governance and corruption remain controversial and mis- understo... ... Myths and Realities of Governance and Corruption DANIEL KAUFMANN, 1 World Bank Governance and corruption remain controversial and mis- understood top... ...and increase citizen voice, gen- der equality, and accountability.The 2005 World Economic Forum in Davos highlighted the agreement reached among 63 mu... ...nly limited impact.” Similar statements are voiced in other regions of the world, and there is also increasing scrutiny about corruption in OECD count... ...om the analyses of the Executive Opinion Surveys (Survey) conducted by the World Economic Forum every year, and presented in previous GCR chapter cont... ...orruption cannot be measured. Less than a dozen years ago, few comparable, worldwide measures of governance or corruption existed.Y et in recent years... ... et in recent years, through the efforts of institutions such as the World Bank (the Governance Indicators), the World Economic Forum (the Executive O... ...ons, we have sought to counteract this widespread perception. At the World Bank, in order to more closely define and measure governance, we have const... ...tions matter for project effectiveness. 11 Also, our calculations of World Bank–funded projects suggests that if there is high corrup- tion in an aid-...

... (IFIs) increasingly work with emerging economies to help reduce corruption, and increase citizen voice, gender equality, and accountability.The 2005 World Economic Forum in Davos highlighted the agreement reached among 63 multinationals in key sectors to work within a set of principles to control corporate bribery. Further, with 29 countries having ratified already, and a...

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Challenging Orthodoxy on Governance : Lessons from Evidence and Implications for Donors

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...ance: Lessons from Evidence and Implications for Donors Daniel Kaufmann, World Bank Institute www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Background for Discus... ... Lessons from Evidence and Implications for Donors Daniel Kaufmann, World Bank Institute www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Background for Discussion a... ... 17 th , 2005 2 ‘Popular Notions’ on Anti-Corruption – Are they right? 1. Worldwide Consensus on Anti-Corruption since ’90s 2. But Corruption is an ‘... ...is a result of development & growth, – & emerging economies corrupt; rich world a model 4. Major Improvement worldwide on Corruption Control 5. The P... ...lyzed, & monitored: just released ‘Governance Matters IV’ Report -- with worldwide data 3. Large ‘development dividend’ of anti-corruption 4. Worl... ...ons 1982 JDW “Cancer of Corruption” Speech (10/96) State in a Changing World (97) • Public Expenditure, Financial Mgt. & Procurement Reforms • Di... ...ing Evolution of Governance/A Evolution of Governance/A - - C at the World Bank: C at the World Bank: From C ... From C ... ‘ ‘ Prohibition Prohib... ... Corruption- Development 6 1. Evolution of Governance/A-C at the World Bank: -- From missing in Washington consensus to center stage -- Bank: Fr... ... C…. ‘Prohibition’ era to Mainstreaming 2. Main components of the World Bank’s strategy: -- Governance/A-C key in Country Strategy & Lending -- W...

...jective?indicators -- Changes in governance over time 1996-2004 ?Are these changes are significant?: new method ?Have occurred in some countries, not worldwide -- How useful are ?perceptions?-data on governance? -- What is the ?development dividend?of good governance, and is a ?poverty discount?warranted?...

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Challenging Orthodoxy on Governance : Lessons from Evidence and Implications

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...e: Lessons from Evidence and Implications Daniel Kaufmann and Colleagues World Bank Institute – The World Bank www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Soci... ...essons from Evidence and Implications Daniel Kaufmann and Colleagues World Bank Institute – The World Bank www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Social Saf... ...ember 5, 2005 2 ‘Popular Notions’ on Anti-Corruption – Are they right? 1. Worldwide Consensus on Anti-Corruption since ’90s 2. But Corruption is an ‘... ...is a result of development & growth, – & emerging economies corrupt; rich world a model 4. Major Improvement worldwide on Corruption Control 5. The P... ...lyzed, & monitored: just released ‘Governance Matters IV’ Report -- with worldwide data 3. Large ‘development dividend’ of anti-corruption 4. Worl... ...ons 1982 JDW “Cancer of Corruption” Speech (10/96) State in a Changing World (97) • Public Expenditure, Financial Mgt. & Procurement Reforms • Di... ...ing Evolution of Governance/A Evolution of Governance/A - - C at the World Bank: C at the World Bank: From C ... From C ... ‘ ‘ Prohibition Prohib... ... Corruption- Development 6 1. Evolution of Governance/A-C at the World Bank: -- From missing in Washington consensus to center stage -- Bank: Fr... ... C…. ‘Prohibition’ era to Mainstreaming 2. Main components of the World Bank’s strategy: -- Governance/A-C key in Country Strategy & Lending -- W...

...naysayers?still alive and well? 2.Governance and Corruption canbe measured, analyzed, & monitored: just released ?Governance Matters IV?Report --with worldwide data 3.Large ?development dividend?of anti-corruption 4.Worldwide: On Average, Corruption and Governance has not declined 5.But some countries have improved in short term 6.Some Key Findings from Variance--& Policy ...

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Challenges in the Next Stage of Anti-Corruption

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...of Anti-corruption Daniel Kaufmann I t is a Thursday in October 1994, at the Kiev World Bank Resident Office weekly roundtable debate with the media, ... ...i-corruption Daniel Kaufmann I t is a Thursday in October 1994, at the Kiev World Bank Resident Office weekly roundtable debate with the media, public... ...ere has been progress in the struggle to combat corruption in many corners of the world, particularly due to the lead- ership and concerted awareness-... ...parent data dissemination, etc). Similarly, a number of localities throughout the world have em- braced a participatory process in the adoption of mun... ...of anti-corruption often feel that research- ers tend to be removed from the real world, operating in a universe of abstract concepts—in contrast to t... ...cy advice, in turn influencing economy-wide reforms in these areas throughout the world over the past dozen years. Moreover, it was of- ten the academ... ...fore, in the near future we can expect to have an improved and more reliable data bank on these governance indicators. Y et the challenge of continuin... ...much of the challenge still lies ahead. At present, with colleagues at the W orld Bank-EDI (and in collaboration with TI and local NGOs) we are develo... ...vate Enterprise Division of the Economic Development Institute (EDI) at the World Bank. The use of outside agency indices and data in no way consti...

...It is a Thursday in October 1994, at the Kiev World Bank Resident Office weekly roundtable debate with the media, public officials and civil society. The topic this afternoon in this participatory post- Soviet fora is the ever-latent potential for economic reform and rec...

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Challenges for the Future for Debate

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...Challenges for the future – for debate Daniel Kaufmann, World Bank Institute www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Session on ´Towards t... ...Challenges for the future – for debate Daniel Kaufmann, World Bank Institute www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Session on ´Towards the Fut... ...ion 6.01: General infrastructure in your country is among the best in the world? Extent of Independence of the Judiciary 2 4.5 7 1998 1999 2000 200...

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Burgerrechte, Demokratie and der Erfolg Von Regierungsprojekten

By: Daniel Kaufmann

... Erfolg oder Mißerfolg eines Weltbankprojektes messen, um das Ergebnis der Bank abzuschätzen. Auch wenn Analysten der Weltbank derartige Indikator... ...ltbank finanzierten Projekten auf ein uneinheitliches Vorgehen seitens der Bank zurückzuführen sind. Ergebnisse Die Studie, auf der dieser Beitrag... ...suchungen habeneinen positiven Zusammenhang zwischen dem Erfolg von Welt - bankprojekten und weiter gefaßten Indikatoren für die Qualität der R... ...t, "Civil Liberlies, Democracy, and the Performance of Government Projects", World Bank Economic Review, Vol11 (Mai), 1997, 5.219-242. einzelnen Sekt... ...vil Liberlies, Democracy, and the Performance of Government Projects", World Bank Economic Review, Vol11 (Mai), 1997, 5.219-242. einzelnen Sektoren b... ...overnment Projects" von Jonathan Isham, Daniel Kaufmann und lant Pritchett, World Bank Economic Review, Vol.1 I (Mai) 1997, S. 219-242. Literaturbi... ...icipation lmprove Performance? Estabüsbing Causality witb Subjective Data«, World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 9 (Mai) 1995, S. 175-200. Jonatban lsb... ...aufmann und Yan Wang, 1995, "Macroeconomic Policies in tbe Social Sectors, World Development, Vol. 23, S. 751- 765. Weltbank, World Development Rep... ...evelopment (New York: Oxford University Press für die Weltbank). Weltbank, World Development Report 1997: The State in a Changing World (New York: ...

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Assessing the Deliverables of Ukraine Reform : Synthesis of Perspectives from Discussions at the Wef Roundtables, And Background Data

By: Daniel Kaufmann

...cussions at the WEF Roundtables, and Background Data Daniel Kaufmann, The World Bank Institute www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Plenary Session and F... ...ns at the WEF Roundtables, and Background Data Daniel Kaufmann, The World Bank Institute www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance Plenary Session and Feedbac... ...Prime Minister of Ukraine at the Extraordinary Ukraine Roundtable by the World Economic Forum Kyiv, Ukraine, June 17 th , 2005 2 Structure of the P... ...v, Ukraine, June 17 th , 2005 2 Structure of the Presentation 1. What the worldwide evidence suggests about the quality of governance in Ukraine – i... ...investor: analysis based on a large enterprise survey carried out by the World Economic Forum 3. Main Lessons from the evidence worldwide: main poi... ...ol of Corruption: one Aggregate Indicator (selected countries from 204 worldwide, for illustration, based on 2004 research data) -2.5 0 2.5 EQUATO... ...d on GCR team calculations for 2004/2005 Report; GDP per capita from World Bank. Calculations based on regression estimates of the impact on the GCI ... ...acting conflict of interest laws -- separating business/gov’t • Financial (Banking) ownership transparency 2. Major Deregulation: 0-based deregulation... ...ull disclosure of judicial decisions 11. Public Disclosure of Ownership of Banking/Financial Institutions • What is Ukraine’s scorecard rating on thes...

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Anticorrupcion Dentro de Una Perspectiva Mas Amplia de Desarrollo Y Gobernabilidad Algunas Lecciones Del Empirismo Y la Experiencia

By: Daniel Kaufmann
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Anti-Corrupcao Dentro de Uma Perspectiva Desenvolvimentista E de Governanca Mais Ampla

By: Daniel Kaufmann
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