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Commercial Banking


A system of trading in money which involved safeguarding deposits and making funds available for borrowers, banking developed in the Middle Ages in response to the growing need for credit in commerce. The lending functions of banks were undertaken in England by money- lenders. Until their expulsion by Edward I in 1291, the most important money-lenders were Jews. They were replaced by Italian merchants who had papal dispensations to lend money at interest. In the 13th cent. credit was essential to finance commerce and major projects.

 
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National Emergency with Respect to Sudan

By: William J. Clinton

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Executive Order 13067 became effective at 12:01 a.m., eastern standard time on November 4, 1997. On July 1, 1998, the Department of the Treasury?s Office of Foreign Assets Control (??OFAC??) issued the Sudanese Sanctions Regulations (the ??SSR?? or the ??Regulations?? (63 Fed. Reg. 35809, July 1, 1998)). The Regulations block all property and interests in property of the Government of Sudan, its agencies, instrumentalities, and controlled entities, including the...

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A Rock in the Baltic

By: Robert Barr

THE INCIDENT AT THE BANK. IN the public room of the Sixth National Bank at Bar Harbor in Maine, Lieutenant Alan Drummond, H.M.S. ?Consternation,? stood aside to give precedence to a lady. The Lieutenant had visited the bank for the purpose of changing several crisp white Bank of England notes into the currency of the country he was then visiting. The lady did not appear to notice either his courtesy or his presence, and this was the more remarkable since Drummond was a y...

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The Querist

By: George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne

Advertisement by the Author The Querist was first published in the year one thousand seven hundred and thirty-five; since which time the face of things is somewhat changed. In this edition some alterations have been made. The three Parts are published in one; some few Queries are added, and many omitted, particularly of those relating to the sketch or plan of a national bank, which it may be time enough to take again in hand when the public shall seem disposed to make us...

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Road of Crime

By: Maxwell Grant

Subway riders were reading their newspapers with avid interest when Graham Wellerton boarded his local and took a seat in a corner. His own newspaper tucked under his arm, Graham surveyed the composite crowd in the car and wondered what their varied reactions might be concerning the chief news of the day. For New York sensation seekers had been treated to a contrast. The columns in the evening journals were, in themselves, food for a grim debate on crime. Was crime profi...

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Dod Financial Management Regulation : Volume 5, Chapter 5

By: Department of Defense

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: CHAPTER 5 DEPOSIT AND TRANSFER OF PUBLIC FUNDS 0501 DEPOSIT OF FUNDS 050101. General. As prescribed in 31 U.S.C. 3302 (reference (e)), disbursing officers (DOs) who have funds in excess of current requirements shall deposit them for credit to the Treasury Department without delay. An exception to the general rule is authorized for those instruments which shall be returned to the remitter in the form in which received, an example being deposits of unsuccessful bi...

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Republic of Armenia Employment Services Agency Human and Instituti...

By: James F. Phillips

Excerpt: Armenia is a country in transition from a centrally controlled economy in which public management substituted for market forces to one that allows goods and services to be provided through freely competed markets. When Armenia?s centrally planned economy ...

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Data Access & Tratzsnzission Actiaity-- Proctrrenzent Firzal Repor...

By: International Development Agency

Excerpt: The Data Access and Transmission Activity (DATA) is a U.S. Agencv for Interi~ational Development (USAID) project that seeks to improve the quality, periodicity, timeliness, and availability of estimates of economic activity in Egypt, thus providing policy ...

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Sustainable Power Sector Reform in Emerging Markets - Financial Is...

By: International Development Agency

Excerpt: Since the 1990s, power-sector development policies in emerging markets have been predicated on promoting market reforms that will attract private investment and lead to an economically sustainable power sector. The ability to attract both foreign and dome ...

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Capacity Building for Operation and Maintenance of Water Infrastru...

By: International Development Agency

Excerpt: Water resources development has been the largest program for the USAID Mission to the West Bank and Gaza since 1997. Most of the funds have gone to large infrastructure projects that serve tens- or hundreds of thousands of people, such as the Bethlehem-He ...

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Increasing Energy Access in Developing Countries : The Role of Dis...

By: International Development Agency

Excerpt: The massive power outages that occurred in the United States and Italy in the summer of 2003 have drawn attention to the fragility of electric transmission and distribution systems, even in the world?s most advanced energy systems. Such outages are common ...

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Credit Bureau Business Plan

By: U.S. Aid

Excerpt: The objective of USAID/The Pragma Corporation?s Access to Credit Initiative (ATCI) is to assist government policy makers and the private sector in making key investments in Ukraine?s legal, administrative, and financial infrastructure in order to develop ...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1952; Volume 5, Number...

By: Josh Kvittingen

Medical Reference Publication

The objective of the mission was to review ongoing WHO activities in the light of new developments in the field of health having taken place over the last year, taking into account the discussionsheld between H.E. the Minister of Health and Dr Lambo and Dr Taba in 1979, with a view to strengthening WUO support to the country.

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1961; Volume 24, Numbe...

By: H. L. Bami

Medical Reference Publication

The eighteenth session of the Eastern Mediterranean Advisory Committee on Health Research (EM/ACHR) was held at Riyad Palace Hotel in Riyad, Saudi Arabia, from 20 to 22 March 1995. The meeting was inaugurated by H.E. the Minister of Health of Saudi Arabia, Mr Faysal A1 Hujailan. In his address to the EM/ACHR, the Minister of H@alth welcomed the participants to Rlyad, and stressed the importance of the Committee and its role in supporting research in the Region which is a...

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World Health Organization : Year 1997 ; World Health Organization ...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

PREFACE In recent years increased recognition has been given to the need to focus on the coordinated implementation of activities in support of peoples' health and sustainable development in countries. 'Ihe World Health Organization (WHO) is advocating strongly to place people at the centre of development where health must be a priority, In this regard I believe the Organization has to be at the forefront in working for the most vulnerable groups im society. A vital elem...

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World Health Organization : Year 1999 ; World Health Organization ...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

1. INTRODUCTION The meeting was held on 28 May 1999 at the Amsterdam Hilton Hotel, Apollolaan 138, 1077 BG Amsterdam, The Netherlands. It was chaired by Dr W. Foege. A list of the participants is given in Appendix I. The purpose of the meeting was to create a foundation for sponsorship of the effort to eliminate lymphatic filariasis. This initiative is intended to solve the problem of lymphatic filarial disease over the first two decades of the next millennium, and it wi...

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World Health Organization : Year 2000 ; World Health Organization ...

By: Ezatullah Majeed

Medical Reference Publication

1. INTRODUCTION In 1977 the World Health Assembly resolved that the main social target of WHO in the coming decades should be the a.ttaigmen! by all citizens of the world by the year 2000 of a level of health that will perillit them to lead a socially and economically productive life. Subsequently, the international conference held in Alma-Ata in 1978 declared Primary Health Care (PHC) as the key to achieving the goal of Health for All (HFA). However, advances since Alma...

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World Health Organization : Year 2000 ; World Health Organization,...

By: B. Melgaard

Medical Reference Publication

I n my last report I highlighted the profound changes that accompanied the creation of the new Department with all the accompanying readjustments. Last year we were restructuring; in 1999 we have been getting down to business. The pace has been set by the Director-General, Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland. For the Department of Vaccines and Biologicals it has been a phase of consolidation in which st& have been adjusting to their new roles and activities. Some appointments still...

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World Health Organization : Year 2001 ; World Health Organization,...

By: C. Garcia Moreno

Medical Reference Publication

Introduction Violence and the fear of violence are emerging as an important risk factor contributing to the vulnerability to HIV infection for women.The extent to which individuals who are HIV infected, particularly women, are vulnerable to violence is also an issue of concern. A growing number of studies have documented the high prevalence of intimate partner violence and sexual violence against women worldwide. This violence can contribute to women’s increased risk of ...

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World Health Organization : Year 2002 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Preface In the intervening time between the end of the reporting period for this report, and the date of publication, two very important activities have come to pass that will be crucial in moving forward work on child and adolescent health and development. The first of these was the Global Consultation on Child and Adolescent Health and Development. This Consultation, called A Healthy Start in Life, hosted by the Swedish Government, and at the invitation of WHO and UNIC...

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South-East Asia Series : Year 2003, South-East Asia Region ; Devel...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND The Commission on Macroeconomics and Health, established in January 2000, presented its report in December 2001. The report confirmed, on the basis of evidence, the critical importance of public health for poverty reduction and economic growth. It stressed the benefits of substantially increased, strategic and well-managed investments in health outcomes, especially in low-income countries. The report demonstrated that increased investments in ...

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