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Commercial Banking


A system of trading in money which involved safeguarding deposits and making funds available for borrowers, banking developed in the Middle Ages in response to the growing need for credit in commerce. The lending functions of banks were undertaken in England by money- lenders. Until their expulsion by Edward I in 1291, the most important money-lenders were Jews. They were replaced by Italian merchants who had papal dispensations to lend money at interest. In the 13th cent. credit was essential to finance commerce and major projects.

 
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South-East Asia Series : Year 2003, South-East Asia Region ; Devel...

By: S. M. Samarage, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND The Commission on Macroeconomics and Health, established in January 2000, presented its report in December 2001. The report confirmed, on the basis of evidence, the critical importance of public health for poverty reduction and economic growth. It stressed the benefits of substantially increased, strategic and well-managed investments in health outcomes, especially in low-income countries. The report demonstrated that increased investments in ...

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The United Nations Joint Programme on Hiv-Aids (Unaids) : Year 200...

By: Peter Piot, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

The vision that led to the creation of UNAIDS was that the UN would be more effective in facing the exceptional challenges posed by AIDS if its institutions worked together in a more coordinated and coherent way. The Unified Budget and Workplan has been instrumental in moving UNAIDS towards this vision. It provides an overall framework for the entire range of action on AIDS by the UNAIDS Cosponsors and the Secretariat, but is flexible enough to respond to the ever evolvi...

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World Health Organization : Regional Office for the Western Pacifi...

By: D. R. Huggins, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

GEEBAL COUNTRY WFORdATION 1.1Chm~es in the political, social and economic sitwit& The People's Action Party (PAP) continued t o bo in power. Singapore's politics have become a relatively dull a f f a i r as there is today no effective organized political opposition. The only possible opposition is the Barisan Sosialis but it has opted out of the constitutional struggl? in favour of struggle in the streets with the support of an active left-wing student mwement. The Rousi...

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The Works of Alexander Hamilton; Containing His Correspondence, An...

By: Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804; Hamilton, John C. (John Church), 1792-1882
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The Works of Alexander Hamilton; Containing His Correspondence, An...

By: Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804; Hamilton, John C. (John Church), 1792-1882
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The Works of Alexander Hamilton : Volume 3

By: Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804; Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1850-1924
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The Works of Alexander Hamilton; Containing His Correspondence, An...

By: Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804; Hamilton, John C. (John Church), 1792-1882
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The Works of Alexander Hamilton; Containing His Correspondence, An...

By: Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804; Hamilton, John C. (John Church), 1792-1882
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The Works of Alexander Hamilton : Volume 5

By: Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804; Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1850-1924
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The Works of Alexander Hamilton; Containing His Correspondence, An...

By: Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804; Hamilton, John C. (John Church), 1792-1882
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The Works of Alexander Hamilton; Containing His Correspondence, An...

By: Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804; Hamilton, John C. (John Church), 1792-1882
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The Works of Alexander Hamilton : Volume 7

By: Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804; Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1850-1924
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The Works of Alexander Hamilton; Containing His Correspondence, An...

By: Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804; Hamilton, John C. (John Church), 1792-1882
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The Works of Alexander Hamilton : Volume 8

By: Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804; Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1850-1924
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The Works of Alexander Hamilton : Volume 9

By: Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804; Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1850-1924
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The Works of Alexander Hamilton : Volume 10

By: Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804; Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1850-1924
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The Works of Alexander Hamilton : Volume 12

By: Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804; Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1850-1924
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The Recreation of Brian Kent

By: Harold Bell Wright

Excerpt: DEAR AUNTIE SUE: I have wondered many times, while writing this simple story of life and love, if you would ever forgive me for putting you in a book. I hope you will, because if you do not, I shall be heartbroken, and you wouldn't want me that way, would you, Auntie Sue? I fancy I can hear you say: ?But, Harold, how COULD you! You know I never did the things you have made me do in your story. You know I never lived in a little log house by the river in the Ozar...

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The Young Explorer

By: Horatio Alger

Excerpt: Chapter 1. BEN?S INHERITANCE. ?I've settled up your father?s estate, Benjamin,? said Job Stanton. ?You'll find it all figgered out on this piece of paper. There was that two?acre piece up at Rockville brought seventy?five dollars, the medder fetched a hundred and fifty, the two cows? ?How much does it all come to, Uncle Job?? interrupted Ben, who was impatient of details. ?Hadn't you better let me read off the items, nephew?? asked Job, looking over his spectacles.

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Standard-Setting Activities: Evolution of Standards Concerning the...

Government Reference and International Publications of the Center For World Indigenous Studies :

Introduction: In its resolution 1982/34 of 7 May 1982, the Economic and Social Council authorized the Subcommission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities to establish annually a working group to meet in order to (a) review developments pertaining to the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous populations, including information requested by the 2 Secretary-General annually from Governments, specialized agencie...

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