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Commercial Banking


A system of trading in money which involved safeguarding deposits and making funds available for borrowers, banking developed in the Middle Ages in response to the growing need for credit in commerce. The lending functions of banks were undertaken in England by money- lenders. Until their expulsion by Edward I in 1291, the most important money-lenders were Jews. They were replaced by Italian merchants who had papal dispensations to lend money at interest. In the 13th cent. credit was essential to finance commerce and major projects.

 
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Investigation of Concentration of Economic Power. Hearings before ...

By: United States. Temporary National Economic Committee

pt. 1. Economic prologue. Dec. 1-3, 1938 -- pt. 2. Patents ; automobile industry ; glass container industry. Dec. 5-6, 12-16, 1938 -- pt. 3. Patents ; proposals for changes in law and procedure. Jan. 16-20, 1939 -- pt. 4. Life insurance. Metropolitan life insurance co. ; New York life insurance co. ; Acacia mutual life insurance co. ; Mutual life insurance co. of New York ; Prudential life insurance co. of America ; Northwestern mutual life insurance co. Feb. 6-10, 14-17...

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Investigation of Concentration of Economic Power. Hearings before ...

By: United States. Temporary National Economic Committee

pt. 1. Economic prologue. Dec. 1-3, 1938 -- pt. 2. Patents ; automobile industry ; glass container industry. Dec. 5-6, 12-16, 1938 -- pt. 3. Patents ; proposals for changes in law and procedure. Jan. 16-20, 1939 -- pt. 4. Life insurance. Metropolitan life insurance co. ; New York life insurance co. ; Acacia mutual life insurance co. ; Mutual life insurance co. of New York ; Prudential life insurance co. of America ; Northwestern mutual life insurance co. Feb. 6-10, 14-17...

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Investigation of Concentration of Economic Power. Hearings before ...

By: United States. Temporary National Economic Committee

pt. 1. Economic prologue. Dec. 1-3, 1938 -- pt. 2. Patents ; automobile industry ; glass container industry. Dec. 5-6, 12-16, 1938 -- pt. 3. Patents ; proposals for changes in law and procedure. Jan. 16-20, 1939 -- pt. 4. Life insurance. Metropolitan life insurance co. ; New York life insurance co. ; Acacia mutual life insurance co. ; Mutual life insurance co. of New York ; Prudential life insurance co. of America ; Northwestern mutual life insurance co. Feb. 6-10, 14-17...

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Investigation of Concentration of Economic Power. Hearings before ...

By: United States. Temporary National Economic Committee

pt. 1. Economic prologue. Dec. 1-3, 1938 -- pt. 2. Patents ; automobile industry ; glass container industry. Dec. 5-6, 12-16, 1938 -- pt. 3. Patents ; proposals for changes in law and procedure. Jan. 16-20, 1939 -- pt. 4. Life insurance. Metropolitan life insurance co. ; New York life insurance co. ; Acacia mutual life insurance co. ; Mutual life insurance co. of New York ; Prudential life insurance co. of America ; Northwestern mutual life insurance co. Feb. 6-10, 14-17...

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Investigation of Concentration of Economic Power. Hearings before ...

By: United States. Temporary National Economic Committee

pt. 1. Economic prologue. Dec. 1-3, 1938 -- pt. 2. Patents ; automobile industry ; glass container industry. Dec. 5-6, 12-16, 1938 -- pt. 3. Patents ; proposals for changes in law and procedure. Jan. 16-20, 1939 -- pt. 4. Life insurance. Metropolitan life insurance co. ; New York life insurance co. ; Acacia mutual life insurance co. ; Mutual life insurance co. of New York ; Prudential life insurance co. of America ; Northwestern mutual life insurance co. Feb. 6-10, 14-17...

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Investigation of Concentration of Economic Power. Hearings before ...

By: United States. Temporary National Economic Committee

pt. 1. Economic prologue. Dec. 1-3, 1938 -- pt. 2. Patents ; automobile industry ; glass container industry. Dec. 5-6, 12-16, 1938 -- pt. 3. Patents ; proposals for changes in law and procedure. Jan. 16-20, 1939 -- pt. 4. Life insurance. Metropolitan life insurance co. ; New York life insurance co. ; Acacia mutual life insurance co. ; Mutual life insurance co. of New York ; Prudential life insurance co. of America ; Northwestern mutual life insurance co. Feb. 6-10, 14-17...

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Life and Times of Washington, Volume 2

By: John Frederick Schroeder

Excerpt: CHAPTER X. WASHINGTON OUT?GENERALS HOWE. 1777. Among the many perplexing subjects which claimed the attention of Washington during the winter (1776?1777), while he was holding his headquarters among the hills at Morristown, none gave him more annoyance than that of the treatment of American prisoners in the hands of the enemy. Among the civilized nations of modern times prisoners of war are treated with humanity and principles are established on which they are e...

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Program Performance Report Fiscal Year 2000

By: United States Department of the Treasury

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Purpose and Structure of Performance Report The Government Performance and Results Act (Results Act) establishes formal requirements for strategic planning and performance measurement in the Federal Government. The Results Act requires that agencies develop five-year Strategic Plans, and annual Performance Plans and Performance Reports. Treasury recently updated its Strategic Plan in September 2000 and has been submitting annual performance plans as part of its ...

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Office of the Comptroller of the Currencys Supervision of Banks Se...

By: Laura L. Mcauliffe

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Please note that we modified slightly our recommendation 1-1 in response to your staff?s concerns with the recommendation as presented in our draft report. Also, note that OCC did not concur with several findings and recommendations contained in the report. Following our standard procedures, the findings and recommendations will be recorded into the Treasury Department?s Inventory Tracking and Closure system (ITC) noting your disagreement. Treasury Directive (TD...

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Department of the Treasury

By: United States Department of the Treasury

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Treasuries, including ministries of finance, or corresponding departments of national governments; central banks, including all departments thereof; stabilization funds, including official exchange control offices or other government exchange authorities; and diplomatic and consular establishments and other departments and agencies of national governments.

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Office of the Comptroller of the Currencys Supervision of Banks Se...

By: United States Department of the Treasury

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Please note that we modified slightly our recommendation 1-1 in response to your staff?s concerns with the recommendation as presented in our draft report. Also, note that OCC did not concur with several findings and recommendations contained in the report. Following our standard procedures, the findings and recommendations will be recorded into the Treasury Department?s Inventory Tracking and Closure system (ITC) noting your disagreement. Treasury Directive (TD...

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The Young Explorer

By: Horatio Alger, Jr.

I've settled up your father's estate, Benjamin, said Job Stanton. You'll find it all figgered out on this piece of paper. There was that two-acre piece up at Rockville brought seventy-five dollars, the medder fetched a hundred and fifty, the two cows— How much does it all come to, Uncle Job? interrupted Ben, who was impatient of details. Hadn't you better let me read off the items, nephew? asked Job, looking over his spectacles. No, Uncle Job. I know you've done your bes...

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Seventh Amendment

By: Government Printing Office

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: And were liberally construed. Schoenthal v. Irving Trust Co., 287 U.S. 92, 94 (1932). Nor was the distinction between law and equity to be obliterated by state legislation. Thompson v. Railroad Companies, 73 U.S. (6 Wall.) 134 (1868). So, where state law, in advance of judgment, treated the whole proceeding upon a simple contract, including determination of validity and of amount due, as an equitable proceeding, it brought the case within the federal equity juri...

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Treasury, Postal Service, And General Government Appropriations Ac...

By: Government Printing Office

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Title I-Department Of The Treasury Departmental Offices ... 112, 048, 000 116, 314, 000 114, 771, 000 2, 723, 000 ‘1, 543, 000 Counterterrorism fund ... 15, 000, 000 ... ‘15, 000, 000 ... Supplemental funding (Public Law 105-18) ... 1, 950, 000 ... ‘1, 950, 000 ... Office of Professional Responsibility ... 1, 500, 000 1, 625, 000 1, 250, 000 ‘250, 000 ‘375, 000 Automation Enhancement ... 27, 100, 000 29, 389, 000 25, 889, 000 ‘1, 211, 000 ‘3, 500, 000 Office of ...

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Treasury Acts

By: Government Printing Office

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: To enhance competition in the financial services industry by providing a prudential framework for the affiliation of banks, securities firms, insurance companies, and other financial service providers, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, Section 1. Short Title; Table Of Contents. (A) Short Title.-This Act may be cited as the “Gramm-Leach- Bliley Act.” (b) Table Of...

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District of Columbia Appropriations Act, 2002, Public Law 107–96 [...

By: Government Printing Office

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: FEDERAL FUNDS Federal payment for Resident Tuition Support ... 17, 000 17, 000 17, 000 ... Federal payment to the Capitol City Career Development and Job Training Partnership ... 500 500 500 Federal payment to the Capitol Education Fund ... 500 500 500 Federal payment to the Metropolitan Kappa Youth Development Foundation, Inc ... 450 450 450 Federal payment for World Bank/IMF meeting ... 15, 918 ... Y15, 918 Federal payment to the Fire and Emergency Medical Ser...

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International Assistance Programs

By: Government Printing Office

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: For necessary expenses for the “Millennium Challenge Account,” $1, 300, 000, 000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That the availability of such amounts is contingent upon enactment of authorization. Program and Financing (in millions of dollars) Identification code 95-2750-2-1-151 2002 actual 2003 est. 2004 est. Obligations by program activity: 00.01 Country Programs ... 775 00.02 Administrative Expenses ... 25 10.00 Total new obligations ... 800 B...

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List of Sources

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Country or region Short reference Complete reference Albania BCEOM. 1997. Anonymous/BCEOM. 1997. National strategy for Albania. C.E.U - Gov. Rep. Albania, BCEOM, PhARE, cont ... Final Report. Montpellier, France. Albania Selenica, A. 1998. Selenica, A. 1998. Water resources and water use in the framework of national water strategy for Albania. UNESCO, International conference on world water resources at the beginning of the 21st century: water a looming crisis. ...

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World Health Organization : Year 1997 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

1. INTRODUCTION The Thirty-first World Survey of Rabies (WSR) for the year 1995 is based on data received from 94 countries and territories' out of 189 WHO Member States which were sent the questionnaire. In addition, other official sources (Annex 11) were used, expanding its coverage to 160 countries and territories. The survev reports on five maior topics: 1. Rabies situation and trends for 1995 Human and animal rabies cases and methods of confirmation (Tables 1 and 2)...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2003 ; Issue 92415460...

By: Robert Holzmann

Medical Reference Publication

Technological advances, demographic transitions, rapidly changing patterns of morbidity and mortality, and the emergence of public health problems such as HIV/AIDS all call for a more efficient use of resources, and in many cases more resources. In a wide range of countries, health care is provided by a complex and shifting combination of government and private sector entities (both for profit and non-profit). In such an environment, policy-makers need reliable national ...

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