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Crs Report for Congress Received through the Crs Web Proliferation Control Regimes : Background and Status Updated February 17, 2005

By Squassoni, Sharon A.

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Book Id: WPLBN0000001852
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.2 MB
Reproduction Date: 2008
Full Text

Title: Crs Report for Congress Received through the Crs Web Proliferation Control Regimes : Background and Status Updated February 17, 2005  
Author: Squassoni, Sharon A.
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Government publications, Legislation., Government Printing Office (U.S.)
Collections: Government Library Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Government Printing Office

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Squassoni, S. A. (n.d.). Crs Report for Congress Received through the Crs Web Proliferation Control Regimes : Background and Status Updated February 17, 2005. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Excerpt
Summary: This report provides background and current status information on the regimes intended to limit the spread of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons and missiles. Weapons of mass destruction (WMD), especially in the hands of radical states and terrorists, represent a major threat to U.S. national security interests. Multilateral regimes were established to restrict trade in these goods and technologies and to monitor their civil applications. Congress may consider the efficacy of these regimes in consideration of the potential renewal of the Export Administration Act, as well as other proliferation-specific legislation in the 109th Congress.

Table of Contents
Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Status and Trends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 State-to-State Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Counterproliferation, Intelligence, and Deterrence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Congressional Role . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Organization of the Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 The Nuclear Nonproliferation Regime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Treaties and Agreements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), 1970 . . . 11 Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material, 1987 . . . 12 Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America (Treaty of Tlatelolco) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone (Treaty of Rarotonga) . . . . . . . 13 African Nuclear Weapon-Free-Zone Treaty (Treaty of Pelindaba) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapon-Free-Zone (Treaty of Bangkok) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Other Agreements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 The U.S.-North Korea Agreed Framework . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 G-8 Global Partnership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Proliferation Security Initiative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Related Arms Control Agreements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Implementing the Regime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 The Zangger Committee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 The Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 U.S. Government Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 U.S. Laws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 The Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (AEA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act of 1978 (NNPA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Foreign Assistance Act/Arms Export Control Act (AECA . . . . . . . . . 22 Export Administration Act of 1979 (EAA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act of 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nunn-Lugar/Cooperative Threat Reduction Program Legislation . . . . 25 Iran-Iraq Arms Nonproliferation Act of 1992 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Iran Nonproliferation Act of 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Issues for the 109th Congress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Chemical and Biological Weapons Proliferation Regime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Treaties and Agreements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Implementing the Regime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 International O

 

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