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Nepal: Background and U.S. Relations

By Vaughn, Bruce

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Book Id: WPLBN0000012740
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.2 MB
Reproduction Date: 2008

Title: Nepal: Background and U.S. Relations  
Author: Vaughn, Bruce
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Government publications, Legislation., Government Printing Office (U.S.)
Collections: Government Library Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Government Printing Office

Citation

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Vaughn, B. (n.d.). Nepal: Background and U.S. Relations. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Excerpt
Summary: A landlocked Himalayan kingdom between India and China, Nepal ranks among the world’s poorest countries. In 1990, following a democratization movement, Nepal became a parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarch. Although this led to a process of economic restructuring and market liberalization, political instability and years of increasingly dire internal security challenges have undercut the country’s economic growth and reform efforts. Compounding the country’s difficulties was the June 2001 tragedy in which ten members of the royal family, including King Birendra, were killed in an assassination-suicide, reportedly carried out by Crown Prince Dipendra. The murdered king’s younger brother, Gyanendra, now occupies the throne. In a reversal of the longer-term trend towards a democratic constitutional monarchy, King Gyanendra declared a state of emergency, assumed full powers, suspended civil liberties and placed opposition leaders under arrest on February 1, 2005. The King explained his move as necessary to fight the Maoist insurgency. Human rights advocates are concerned that opposition leaders may “disappear” while in custody. U.S. foreign policy towards Nepal has provided development and security assistance while seeking to promote democracy and human rights.

Table of Contents
Contents Recent Developments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 The King’s Takeover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 International Reactions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Maoist Reaction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Political Reaction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Human Rights Concerns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 The Context to the Takeover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Politics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Key Country Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Governance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Political Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Constitutional Crisis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Maoist Insurgency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Economy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Geopolitics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 U.S.-Nepal Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 U.S. Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Terrorism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Human Rights Concerns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 List of Figures Figure 1. Map of Nepal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

 

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