World Library  


Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Arsenic Rule Benefits Analysis : An Sab Review

By Environmental Protection Agency

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0000026169
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.2 MB
Reproduction Date: 2007
Full Text

Title: Arsenic Rule Benefits Analysis : An Sab Review  
Author: Environmental Protection Agency
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Ecology, Natural resource issues, Environemtal protection
Collections: Environmental Awareness Library Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: United States Environmental Protection Agency

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Agency, E. P. (n.d.). Arsenic Rule Benefits Analysis : An Sab Review. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Excerpt: On July 19 and 20, 2001 the Arsenic Rule Benefits Review Panel (ARBRP) of the US EPA Science Advisory Board (SAB) met to review the EPA report Arsenic in Drinking Water Rule Economic Analysis (EPA 815-R-00-026). As part of the review process, the Panel responded to five charge questions:

Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.1 Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2 Charge to the Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2. RESPONSES TO CHARGE QUESTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.1 The impact of timing of exposure on avoided cancers (Charge Question 1) . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.1.1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.1.2. Calculation of reduced cancer fatalities associated with reduced exposure to a carcinogen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.1.2.1 The timing of the exposure-response relationship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.1.2.2 Calculating the time path of cancer cases avoided . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.1.3 Quantifying the relationship between exposure and mortality risk . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.2 Characterization of non-quantified health endpoints (Charge Question 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2.2.1 Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2.2.2. Quantifiability of particular health endpoints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.2.2.1 Cardiovascular disease endpoints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.2.2.2 Diseases of the endocrine system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2.2.2.3 Other cancer sites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2.2.2.4 Non-malignant respiratory diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2.2.2.5 Reproductive effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2.2.2.6 Neurologic and neurodevelopmental endpoints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 2.2.3 Valuation of non-quantified health endpoints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 2.3 Exposure reduction as a benefit category (Charge Question 3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 2.4 Comparison of benefits and costs (Charge Question 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 2.4.1 Comparison of benefits and costs by system size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 2.5 Incorporation of uncertainty into benefits measures (Charge Question 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 3. GENERAL COMMENTS ON THE ECONOMIC ANALYSIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 3.1 Comments on exposure assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 3.1.1 Characterization of U.S. population exposure in the analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 3.2 Comments on the computation of benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 3.2.1 Treatment of latency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 3.2.2 Treatment of age . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 3.2.3 Valuing avoided cancer morbidity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 3.2.4 Valuing avoided cancer morality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 3.3 Comments on the computation of costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 3.3.1 Factors that may cause costs to be overstated and/or benefits to be understated18 3.3.2 Amortization of costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 3.3.3 Unanticipated costs . . . . . . . . . . . .

 

Click To View

Additional Books


  • Alice in Wonderland (by )
  • A Survey of Constitutional Development i... (by )
  • Proceedings of the American Political Sc... (by )
  • Course in Foreign Trade (by )
  • Sporting Days and Sporting Ways (by )
  • Political Science Quarterly : Volume 5 (by )
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administr... (by )
  • The Power of Our Words (by )
  • The Collected Works of William Butler Ye... (by )
  • Pride and Prejudice (by )
  • Annual Report of the Controller of Count... (by )
  • The Works and Life of Walter Bagehot : V... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.