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World Health Organization : Regional Office for the Western Pacific, Bureau Regional du Pacifique Occidental ; Year 2003, A82694: Practical Guidelines for Infection Control in Health Care Facilities

By World Health Organization

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Book Id: WPLBN0000037779
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.5 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: World Health Organization : Regional Office for the Western Pacific, Bureau Regional du Pacifique Occidental ; Year 2003, A82694: Practical Guidelines for Infection Control in Health Care Facilities  
Author: World Health Organization
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

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Organization, W. H. (n.d.). World Health Organization : Regional Office for the Western Pacific, Bureau Regional du Pacifique Occidental ; Year 2003, A82694. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
FOREWORD The World Health Organization (WHO) has recognized severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) as the first severe and readily transmissible new disease to emerge in the 21st century. Despite rapid progress towards understanding the disease and the transmission of the SARS Co-V, there are still many gaps in our understanding of SARS. It was very clear during the SARS outbreak however, that this virus was easily spread through international air travel and close hospital contact. In fact health care facilities amplified the disease in all severely affected countries. The experience in affected areas showed very clearly that the transmission of the SARS Co-V can generally be prevented. Because there is no known effective treatment and no available vaccine, health authorities had to resort to basic public health measures. Rapid case detection, immediate isolation, contact tracing and good infection control precautions are critical in the prevention of infection. However, as SARS spread, it became obvious that many countries lacked the necessary infrastructure, facilities, equipment and trained personnel to provide appropriate precautions. Health care facilities in both developed and developing countries were far from prepared to deal with such a disease. It is essential that all countries strengthen their regional and national surveillance and response systems and their infection control capacities, in particular hospital-based infection control departments.

Table of Contents
CONTENTS Foreword.........................................................................................................................................1 1. Introduction...............................................................................................................................1 Background.........................................................................................................................1 Infection control practices .......................................................................................1 Purpose ....................................................................................................................1 Objectives ................................................................................................................1 Use of the guidelines ...............................................................................................2 2. Infection control programme .....................................................................................................3 Need for an infection control programme ...........................................................................3 What is an infection control programme? ...........................................................................3 Organization of an infection control programme ................................................................4 Infection control committee.....................................................................................4 Infection control team..............................................................................................5 Infection control manual......................................................................................................6 Education and training of health care staff ..........................................................................6 3. Infection control practices .........................................................................................................7 Standard precautions............................................................................................................7 Hand washing and Antisepsis (hand hygiene).........................................................7 Use of personal protective equipment .....................................................................8 Principles for use of personal protective equipment....................................9 Prevention of needle stick/sharps injuries .................................................11 Management of health-care waste .........................................................................11 Additional (transmission-based) precautions ....................................................................11 Airborne precautions .............................................................................................11 Droplet precautions................................................................................................12 Contact precautions ...............................................................................................12 Patient placement and transportation of patients ...............................................................13 Patient placement...................................................................................................13 Spacing between beds............................................................................................13 Single rooms ..........................................................................................................13 Anterooms..............................................................................................................13

 

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