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World Health Organization : Development of Health Services, Smallpox Eradication, World Health Organization, Smallpox Eradication, No. 79.144: Smallpox Eradication in Ethiopia

By World Health Organization

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Book Id: WPLBN0000038063
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Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: World Health Organization : Development of Health Services, Smallpox Eradication, World Health Organization, Smallpox Eradication, No. 79.144: Smallpox Eradication in Ethiopia  
Author: World Health Organization
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

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Organization, W. H. (n.d.). World Health Organization : Development of Health Services, Smallpox Eradication, World Health Organization, Smallpox Eradication, No. 79.144. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
1 THE LAND AND THE PEOPLE By any standards, Ethiopia, occupying the major part of the land mass known as the 'Horn of Africa', is a large country. It stretches 1,640 kilometres from north to south and 1,670 kilometres from east to west. Although its surface area of 1,225,000 square kilometres makes it geographically the tenth largest country in Africa, its population of 30 million makes it the third most populous. In the north, there is a 900 kilometre coastline on the Red Sea, where two towns, Mitsiwa and Aseb are assisted by neighbouring Djibouti in providing port facilities for the country. Apart from this stretch of coast, Ethiopia is landlocked by Sudan to the west, Kenya to the south, Somalia to the south-east and Djibouti to the north-east (Figure 1.0).

Table of Contents
CONTENTS Page 1 . THE LAND AND THE PEOPLE .............................7 1.1 GEOGRAPHY . . . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. ......................... .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7 1.2 CLIMATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 1.3 COMMUNICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 1.4 DEMOGRAPHY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3 1.5 ETHNICGROUPS ANDLANGUAGES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 1.6 POPULATIONMOVEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 1.7 HEALTH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 2 . ADMINISTRATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 2.1 GENERALADMINISTRATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 2.2 HEALTH ADMINISTRATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 2.3 HEALTH FACILITIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 2.4 SMALLPOX ERADICATION PROGRAMME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 3 . DEVELOPMENT OF THE SMALLPOX ERADICATION PROGRAMME AND ITS STRATEGY. P m 1971 .1 979 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 7 4 . PROGRESS IN SMALLPOX ERADICATION. 1971 .1 97.6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 5 . EPIDEMIOLOGY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 5.1 SMALLPOX INCIDENCE IN THE PRE-ERADICATION PERIOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 7 5.2 SMALLPOXINCIDENCE,1971-1979 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - 4 9 5.3 SMALLPOX INCIDENCE BY AWRAJAS AND IJOREDAS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 5.4 AGE AND SEX-SPECIFIC INCIDENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 5.5 CASE FATALITY RATES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 5.6 VACCINATION STATUS OF SMALLPOX CASES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 5.7 SUSCEPTIBILITY TO ATTACKS OF SMALLPOX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 5.8 SMALLPOX TRANSMISSION AND VARIOLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 5.9 MODE OF TRANSMISSION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 7 5.10LASTOUTBREAKINTHEHIGHLANDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 5.11 LAST OUTBREAK IN THE LOWLANDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 9 5.12 SMALLPOX IN NEIGHBOURING COUNTRIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 5.13 EXPORTATION OF SMALLPOX FROM ETHIOPIA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63

 

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