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World Health Organization Drug Information : Volume 6, No. 4, Year 1992, Pages 160-162: General Information

By World Health Organization

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Book Id: WPLBN0000050299
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.2 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: World Health Organization Drug Information : Volume 6, No. 4, Year 1992, Pages 160-162: General Information  
Author: World Health Organization
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization


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Organization, W. H. (n.d.). World Health Organization Drug Information : Volume 6, No. 4, Year 1992, Pages 160-162. Retrieved from

Medical Reference Publication

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is oi great publlc health inlportance in Korea, where the only known vector is C111ex tritae~iiorli?richiis s r i n ~ ~ ~ ~ o ~ ~Yourmie~rso.u s cases are reported every year and epidemics haye been frequent in some years, the htghest incidence being in children, e.g., 3595 cases and 957 deaths in 1966 (2). Cases occur frornlate July to September, with the peak in August. Recently, the greatest number of cases have occurred on the oulskirts of tlie growing cities of Korea. \Vhereas the hazard of JE has been reduced by vaccination programmes and by the increasing ure of insecticides in the rice-fields. there is a necd to develop an emergency method for coping \\-irk. well definedlocal outbrsaks. Thc aerial spraying of certain organophosphorus insecticides in \-lrtually undiluted form, ternled the ultra-lo\!--\~olumc (CL\') method, has proved successful in stopping an epidemic of St Louis encephalitis at Dallas, Tesas (1) and in controlling the vector oi di-nque 11aen:orrhagrc fever at Bangkok (4). Tn.o laree-scale trials \yere therefore performed on the outsk~rts of Pusan, Korea, one with 95% malathion in 1971 and the other with 95% fenitrothion in 1972. usino a C-46 aircraft operated by tlie Korean Air Force.

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