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Globalization, Urbanization and Nutritional Change in the Developing World

By Mendez, Michelle A.

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Book Id: WPLBN0000070172
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.5 MB
Reproduction Date: Available via World Wide Web.
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Title: Globalization, Urbanization and Nutritional Change in the Developing World  
Author: Mendez, Michelle A.
Language: English
Subject: United Nations., Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. FAO agriculture series, Agriculture
Collections: United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Collection
Publication Date:
Publisher: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; Digitizer: Fao


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Mendez, M. A. (n.d.). Globalization, Urbanization and Nutritional Change in the Developing World. Retrieved from

Nutrition Reference Publication

Electronic reproduction.

Excerpt: The clustering of populations in urban centers affects dietary patterns by changing the way people interact with their environments, as well as by changing the environments themselves in ways that transform food production and distribution systems. For example, urban living is associated with occupational patterns less compatible with home food production and consumption, and often with limited land availability for cultivation. Urbanization brings infrastructure and resources such as improved transportation and refrigeration systems. Today, in developing countries undergoing rapid urbanization combined with globalization and urbanization, the process includes changes in the socio-cultural environment such as mass media marketing and the widespread availability of less traditional foods, which play an important role in influencing tastes and preferences (Chopra, Galbraith and Darnton-Hill 2002; Lang 1999; Evans et al. 2001). Growing foreign investment has contributed to the rise of fast food restaurants and western-style supermarkets, which may also influence consumer food choices by offering greater variety, quality, convenience and competitive prices in high-value added foods, in addition to perceived higher social desirability (Regmi and Gehlar 2001; Reardon, Timmer and Berdegue 2003). These changes in the food environment are occurring at a rapid pace. As developing countries become more urbanized, these changes are expanding beyond large urban centers and into smaller cities and towns, mirroring the pattern that occurred over time in industrialized countries. For example in China, western-style supermarkets are now found in smaller cities and towns along the Eastern coast and in the interior (Reardon Timmer and Berdegue 2003).


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