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World Health Organization : Development of Health Services, Smallpox Eradication, World Health Organization, Smallpox Eradication, No. 80.153: Human Monkeyfox 1970-1979

By J. G. Breman

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Book Id: WPLBN0000071269
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 1.0 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: World Health Organization : Development of Health Services, Smallpox Eradication, World Health Organization, Smallpox Eradication, No. 80.153: Human Monkeyfox 1970-1979  
Author: J. G. Breman
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

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Breman, J. G. (n.d.). World Health Organization : Development of Health Services, Smallpox Eradication, World Health Organization, Smallpox Eradication, No. 80.153. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
With the eradication of smallpox throughout the world increasing attention has been given to human monkeypox. This disease, first described in central Africa in 1970, resembles smallpox clinically but differs epidemiologically. Forty-seven cases of humn monkeypox have occurred since 1970 Ln five central and western African countries; Zaire has reported 38 cases. The evolution of the illness and the sequelae of monkeypox and severe smallpox are the same; monkeypox has a case fatality rate of 17%. Smallpox vaccination protects against monkeypox. All cases have occurred in the tropicalrain for est . Children below 10 years of age comprise 83% of cases. Caae clusters have been observed in certain zones within countries and within families. Person-toperson spread has possibly occurred four times; the secondary attack rate among susceptible very cloae family members was 7.X (3 cases/40 contacts) and among a l l susceptible contacts was 3.3% (4 cases/123 contacts). This i s much lower than occurs with smallpox which i s between 25-40%. The low Cransmissibility, coupled with the low frequency of disease, indicates that monkeypox is not a public health problem; however, more data are needed.

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