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June 2004 Page 1 of 2 Pesticides

By Department of Health and Human Services

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Book Id: WPLBN0000091768
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.1 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: June 2004 Page 1 of 2 Pesticides  
Author: Department of Health and Human Services
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Medical research, Medical reports
Collections: Medical Library Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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Health And Human Services, D. O. (n.d.). June 2004 Page 1 of 2 Pesticides. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Excerpt
Pesticides are used to eliminate or control unwanted or harmful insects, plants, fungi, animals, or microorganisms. Currently approximately 600 approved, active pesticide ingredients are used in almost 20,000 products. Each year, approximately two billion pounds of licensed pesticides are used in the United States, an amount that is roughly one-fifth of total global pesticide use. Human exposure to pesticides occurs primarily through dietary residues, outdoor pesticide exposure (gardening and lawn applications), indoor pesticide exposure (including tracking in outdoor pesticides), occupational exposures (pest control applicators and farm workers), and the use of pesticides on domestic animals, including pets. Exposure to pesticides that results from natural disasters or terrorism also poses a threat to public health. When used properly, pesticides offer many benefits, including preventing illness and death by controlling the insect vectors of diseases such as malaria, and West Nile virus. However, in 2001, the Toxic Exposure Surveillance System (TESS), which tracks cases of poisoning reported to U.S. poison control centers, identified 20,110 cases of acute pesticide poisonings in the general population. The EPA estimates that 10,000-20,000 physician-diagnosed pesticide poisonings occur each year among approximately 3,380,000 U.S. agricultural workers. Short-term exposure to high levels of pesticides may cause respiratory, gastrointestinal, allergic, or neurologic symptoms. Long-term exposure may be associated with neurologic diseases such as Parkinsons and Alzheimers.

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