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Crs Report for Congress Received through the Crs Web European Views and Policies Toward the Middle East Updated March 9, 2005

By Archick, Kristin

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Book Id: WPLBN0000100312
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.2 MB
Reproduction Date: 2008
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Title: Crs Report for Congress Received through the Crs Web European Views and Policies Toward the Middle East Updated March 9, 2005  
Author: Archick, Kristin
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Government publications, Legislation., Government Printing Office (U.S.)
Collections: Government Library Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Government Printing Office

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Archick, K. (n.d.). Crs Report for Congress Received through the Crs Web European Views and Policies Toward the Middle East Updated March 9, 2005. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Excerpt
Summary: Managing policy differences on a range of issues emanating from the Middle East poses serious challenges for the United States and its European allies and friends. The most vitriolic dispute has centered on the conflict in Iraq. However, divisions over how best to approach the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict, manage Iran and Syria, and combat terrorism also persist. The Bush Administration and Members of Congress are concerned that continued disagreements between the two sides of the Atlantic could both constrain U.S. policy choices in the region and erode the broader transatlantic relationship and counterterrorism cooperation over the longer term. The U.S.-initiated Broader Middle East and North Africa partnership project seeks to encourage reforms in the region and U.S.-European cooperation in tackling Mideast problems. This initiative was welcomed by the 9/11 Commission, which recommended that the United States “should engage other nations in developing a comprehensive coalition strategy against Islamist terrorism.” The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (P.L. 108-458) contains elements that seek to promote Middle East development and reform and enhance international cooperation against terrorism...

Table of Contents
Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Underlying Drivers of European Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 History’s Impact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Geographic and Demographic Differences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 The Nature of Europe’s Economic Ties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Divergent Threat Perceptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Different Approaches to Managing Threats and Using Force . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 European Perceptions of the Bush Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Growing EU Ambitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 European Views of Key Policy Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Iraq . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Iran . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Syria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Counterterrorism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 U.S. Perspectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Administration Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Congressional Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Effects on the Broader Transatlantic Relationship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

 

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