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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 250: Urban Health Services

By M. Ben Hima

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Book Id: WPLBN0000100718
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 1.8 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 250: Urban Health Services  
Author: M. Ben Hima
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

Citation

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Hima, M. B. (n.d.). World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 250. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
INTRODUCTION Urbanization escapes precise and concise definition, particularly when its health implications are under consideration. Various attempts have been made to arrive at such a definition, and the Committee accepted that given by the United Nations Expert Group on Metropolitan Planning and Development in Stockholm in September 1961 .l In considering the three main aspects of urbanization-geographic, administrative and demographic-the Committee was of the opinion that consideration of health problems should not necessarily be confined within the geographical limits of a town or city. Problems of water supply and sewage disposal, for example, may involve extension of urban influences to areas beyond its physical boundaries. Similarly, the need for health services often extends beyond the administrative limits of the municipalities. The demographic aspect of urbanization, however, appears to be the overriding factor in considering problems of urbanization.

Table of Contents
CONTENTS Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Health problems of urbanization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Urban health services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Environmental sanitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Water supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Drainage. sewerage. sewage and night-soil disposal . . . . 15 Refuse collection and disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Organization of curative and preventive services . . . . . . . 18 Control of communicable disease . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Care of mothers and children . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Nutrition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Mental health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Health education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Health statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Legislation. administration and finance . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Legislation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Financing metropolitan public health and sanitation services 26 Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Summary of major findings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Summary of recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

 

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