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Intelligence, Surveillance, And Reconnaissance (Isr) Programs : Issues for Congress

By Best, Richard A., Jr.

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Book Id: WPLBN0000107043
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.2 MB
Reproduction Date: 2008
Full Text

Title: Intelligence, Surveillance, And Reconnaissance (Isr) Programs : Issues for Congress  
Author: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Government publications, Legislation., Government Printing Office (U.S.)
Collections: Government Library Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Government Printing Office

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Best, Jr, R. A. (n.d.). Intelligence, Surveillance, And Reconnaissance (Isr) Programs : Issues for Congress. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Excerpt
Excerpt: The various systems that collect, process, and disseminate intelligence are encompassed in the budget category known as Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR1). ISR covers a multitude of programs ranging from billiondollar satellites to hand-held cameras. The bulk of funding is for research and development (R&D) and procurement; personnel costs are comparatively low. Some systems are used only by military units; others are national systems operated by Washington-level defense agencies. Most are surrounded in secrecy, but total spending on ISR, while difficult to estimate with unclassified information, undoubtedly runs into the tens of billions of dollars.

Table of Contents
Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Congressional Concerns with ISR: Lack of Coordination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Congressional Budget Justification Books (CBJBs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Supplemental Appropriations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Reprogramming Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 A Need for Comprehensive Reorganization? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Multiple Types of ISR Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 NFIP Programs Serve National Decisionmaking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 JMIP Programs Serve the Defense Department . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 TIARA Programs Serve the Military Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ISR Programming and Budgeting Procedures Differ Among Agencies . . . . . . . 15 Role of the DCI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Role of the Secretary of Defense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Changes in DOD’s Management of ISR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 How ISR Funding is Included in DOD’s Budget . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Internal DOD Coordinating Boards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Coordination Between DOD and the IC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Congressional Oversight of ISR Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Appendix A: A Case Study in ISR Acquisition: The Future Imagery Architecture (FIA) and Global Hawk UAVs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

 

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