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Development of Surveillance Technology and Risk of Abuse of Economic Information

By Bogolikos, Nikos

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Book Id: WPLBN0000109304
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.1 MB
Reproduction Date: 2008

Title: Development of Surveillance Technology and Risk of Abuse of Economic Information  
Author: Bogolikos, Nikos
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Government publications, Legislation., Government Printing Office (U.S.)
Collections: Government Library Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Government Printing Office

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Bogolikos, N. (n.d.). Development of Surveillance Technology and Risk of Abuse of Economic Information. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Excerpt
Introduction: The present study entitled ‘Development of surveillance technology and risk of abuse of economic information’ presents the outcomes from a survey of the opinions of experts, together with additional research and analytical material by the author. It has been conducted by ZEUS E.E.I.G. as part of a technology assessment project on this theme initiated by STOA in 1998 at the request of the Committee on Civil Liberties and Internal Affairs of the European Parliament. This STOA project is a follow up to an earlier one entitled: An appraisal of technologies of political control conducted on behalf the same Committee. The earlier project resulted in an Interim Study (PE 166.499) written by OMEGA Foundation, Manchester and published by STOA in January 1998 and updated September 1998. In the earlier study was reported that within Europe all fax, e-mail and telephone messages are routinely intercepted by the ECHELON global surveillance system. The monitoring is routine and indiscriminate. The ECHELON system forms part of the UKUSA system but unlike many of the electronic spy systems developed during the cold war, ECHELON is designed for primarily non-military targets: governments, organizations and businesses in virtually every country...

Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS PART A: OPTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 KEY FINDINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 OPTIONS: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 PART B: ARGUMENTS AND EVIDENCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 PART C: TECHNICAL FILE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 1. DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 2. SURVEILLANCE: TOOLS AND TECHNIQUES - THE STATE OF THE ART . . . . . . . . . I 1. PHYSICAL SURVEILLANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 2. COMMUNICATIONS SURVEILLANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 3. THE USE OF SURVEILLANCE TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS FOR THE TRANSMISSION AND COLLECTION OF ECONOMIC INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II 1. CALEA SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II 2. ECHELON CONNECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II 3. INHABITANT IDENTIFICATION SCHEMES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III 4. THE NATURE OF ECONOMIC INFORMATION SELECTED BY SURVEILLANCE TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV EXAMPLES OF ABUSE OF ECONOMIC INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV 5. PROTECTION FROM ELECTRONIC SURVEILLANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VII 6. SURVEILLANCE TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS IN LEGAL AND REGULATORY CONTEXT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VII LAW ENFORCEMENT DATA INTERCEPTION - POLICY DEVELOPMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IX 7. REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . XIII

 

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