World Library  


Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

European Occupational Health Series : Year 1993; Icp, Infection Prevention and Control, Rpd, No. 801-In German: Gesundheitsokonomieforschung ; Ursachen des Wachtums der Gesundheitsdienste - Bericht uber eine WGO-Arbeitsgruppentagung

By World Health Organization

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0000114229
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 1.4 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: European Occupational Health Series : Year 1993; Icp, Infection Prevention and Control, Rpd, No. 801-In German: Gesundheitsokonomieforschung ; Ursachen des Wachtums der Gesundheitsdienste - Bericht uber eine WGO-Arbeitsgruppentagung  
Author: World Health Organization
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Organization, W. H. (n.d.). European Occupational Health Series : Year 1993; Icp, Infection Prevention and Control, Rpd, No. 801-In German. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
The degree of risk to human health from bathing in sewage- polluted waters constitutes a public health problem worldwide, particularly in those countries where the sea forms one of the major recreational amenities for both local and tourist populations. A number of diseases, mainly affecting the gastrointestinal tract, skin, eye, ear and upper respiratory tract, have been associated with bathing in such waters. The situation is more serious in tropical and subtropical countries, where climatic conditions result in a longer bathing season and in bathers spending more time in the water, leading to longer exposure periods. To minimize such risks, most countries have enforced national microbiological quality criteria and standards for recreational waters. At international level, the European Economic Community regulates such quality through compliance by its member states with Directive 76/160/EEC of December 1975. Under the terms of Article 7 of the Protocol for the protection of the Mediterranean Sea against pollution from land-based sources, the coastal states of the region adopted environmental quality criteria for recreational waters on an interim basis in 1985. Practically all current criteria and standards in use are based entirely on concentrations of bacterial indicator organisms in the affected waters as an index of acceptability or otherwise. However, they differ widely between countries in many aspects of their implementation. An important basis for such criteria and standards is the results of microbiological/epidemiological studies correlating water quality and health effects on exposed population groups. Such studies have been performed on avarying scale in several countries during the last two decades and have produced divergent results. Recent reviews of the situation indicate that so far, there are no good epidemiological data on which to base the implementation of scientifically-justified quality standards for recreational waters which would control for a defined level of risk. The objectives of the present consultation, which was convened jointly by WHO and UNEP, in collaboration with the Athens School of Hygiene, within the framework of the longterm programme of pollution monitoring and research in the Mediterranean Sea (MED POL Phase II), included the following:

Table of Contents
CONTENTS Foreword 1 1. Opening of the meeting 1 2. Scope and purpose of the meeting 2 3. Election of officers 3 4. Adoption of the Agenda 3 5. Organization of the meeting 3 6. Review of results of microbiological/epidemiological studies correlating recreational water quality with health effects 3 7. Development of core protocol(s) for future studies 4 8. Recommendations 6 Annex 1 Water quality health effects criteria for marine and fresh recreational waters: A review of studies carried out in the United States of America, by Dr Alfred P. Dufour 8 Annex 2 A review of epidemiological studies investigating the health risks associated with bathing in recreational waters carried out in the United Kingdom, by Dr Leslie M. Alexander 18 Annex 3 A review of epidemiological studies correlating coastal marine recreational water quality with health effects carried out in the Mediterranean region, by Professor Rafael Mujeriego 25 Annex 4 Outline of the Randomized Control Clinical Trial Design 57 Annex 5 Guidelines for prospective rnicrobiological/epidemiological studies on the association between natural recreational water quality and health effects on exposed population groups 60 Annex 6 List of participants 71

 

Click To View

Additional Books


  • World Health Organization : Year 1994 ; ... (by )
  • World Health Organization : (Emro) Regio... (by )
  • World Health Organization : Year 1988 ; ... (by )
  • World Health Organization : Regioinal Of... (by )
  • European Occupational Health Series : Wo... (by )
  • World Health Organization : Year 2003 ; ... (by )
  • World Health Organization Drug Informati... (by )
  • Aids, World Health Organization, Issue 4... (by )
  • Historical : Health Organisation, Malari... (by )
  • World Health Organization : Technical Re... (by )
  • World Health Organization Publication : ... (by )
  • World Health Organization : Year 2003 ; ... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.