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The North Korean Economy: Background and Policy Analysis

By Chanlett-Avery, Emma

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Book Id: WPLBN0000124020
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.2 MB
Reproduction Date: 2008

Title: The North Korean Economy: Background and Policy Analysis  
Author: Chanlett-Avery, Emma
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Government publications, Legislation., Government Printing Office (U.S.)
Collections: Government Library Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Government Printing Office

Citation

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Avery, E. C. (n.d.). The North Korean Economy: Background and Policy Analysis. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Excerpt
Summary: This report provides an overview of the economy of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) or North Korea, its external economic relations, attempts at reform, and U.S. policy options. Along with the United States, North Korea’s major trading partners -- China, Japan, South Korea, and Russia -- form the socalled Six Parties, which are currently engaged in talks to resolve issues raised by the DPRK’s development of a nuclear weapons program.

Table of Contents
Contents Overview of the DPRK Economy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Economic Philosophy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Industrial Sectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Economic Reforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 International Trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Other Sources of Foreign Exchange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Legal Sources of Funds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Illegal or Questionable Sources of Funds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 U.S.-DPRK Trade Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 North-South Korean Economic Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 China-DPRK Economic Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Japan-DPRK Economic Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Russia-DPRK Economic Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 U.S. Interests, Strategy, and Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 U.S. Interests, Goals, and Strategy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Current U.S. Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 The Six-Party Talks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Possible Economic Incentives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Normalizing Diplomatic Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Negotiating a Trade Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Easing U.S. Sanctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Allowing the DPRK to Join International Financial Institutions . . . . . 39 Removing the DPRK from the Terrorism List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Fuel and Food Aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Legislative Action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 List of Figures Figure 1. Growth in Real GDP in the DPRK, 1990-2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Figure 2. North Korea’s Industrial Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Figure 3. DPRK Imports by Major Source, 1994-2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Figure 4. DPRK Exports by Major Market, 1994-2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

 

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