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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1996; Volume 74, Number 1, Year 1996 74 (1), Pages 61-66: Anopheles Minimus ; Its Bionomics and Role in the Transmission of Malaria in Assam, India

By V. Devl

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Book Id: WPLBN0000127584
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.3 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1996; Volume 74, Number 1, Year 1996 74 (1), Pages 61-66: Anopheles Minimus ; Its Bionomics and Role in the Transmission of Malaria in Assam, India  
Author: V. Devl
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

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Devl, V. (n.d.). Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1996; Volume 74, Number 1, Year 1996 74 (1), Pages 61-66. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
Within the framework of the Plan of Action for the Mediterranean Sea, adopced ac Barcelona in February 1975 by the Coastal States of the Region, and under the terms of ~rcicle 10 of the Convention for tile Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollurion, che contracting parties undertook to establish, in close cooperation with the competent international organizations, a system of poliution monitoring for the Mediterranean Sea region. The decails of chis monitoring programme were adopted by the contracting parties at their 'second ordinary meeting (Cannes, 2-7 March 1981), within the framework of the Long-term Programme for Pollution Monitoring and Research in che Mediterranean Sea (MED POL Phase IT), which was adopted at the same meeting. The majority of the Medicerranean countries have already submitted their national monitoring progrmes, or are in the course of completing preparation of these programmes, which comprise the monitoring of various bacteriological parameters in coastal waters used for recreational purposes and also in water used Eor shellfish farming. To promote the standardization of methods and to ensure the comparability of results, refereqce methods for sampling and analysis have been prepared for the use of Mediterranean laboratories participating in this programme. The World Health Organization and the United Nations Environment Programe have developed, test5d and reviewed methods of determination of rota1 coliforms, faecal coliform6 and faecal streptococci in seawater by the membrane filtration culcure (MF) method and deteminarion of faecal coliforms in bivalves by the multiple test-tube method - che most probable number (MPN) method. Reference methods for the determination of coral coliforms, faecal coliforms and faecal streptococci in seawater by the multiple test-tube methods are at presenc being developed and will be available shortly. To recheck the comparability of results and of quality control operations, a series of intercalib~ation exercises was commenced in 1983, afcer completion of a preparatory exercise in Rome in 1982. These exercises were attended by specialists responsible for the monitoring programme from the host country's laboratories and also from a number of laboratories in other countries. They have been held alternately in the English and French languages and combined with consultation,meetings to analyse the results obtained and discuss matters relating to the MED POL progrme. The first exercise in the series (in French) war held in Barcelona from 7 to 11 November 1983 and the second (in English) in Athens from 25 to 29 June 1984. The present exercise (in French) has been organized by WHO and UNEP, in collaboration with the Institut Pasteur, Tunis, within the framework of Phase II of the MED POL progranmre and of ocher Tunisian monitoring programes. Like its predecessors, it was mainly intended to enable participants to determine the bacteriological parameters in identical seawater samples, using the recommended methods, finalized after the Rome meering in November 1982. These methods were:

Table of Contents
CONTENTS Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 1 1 . Opening of the meeting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2 . Scope and aims of the meting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3 . Electionofofficers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 4. Adoption of the agenda . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 5 . Organieation of the programe of work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 6 . General discussion on the bacteriological parameters used for monitoring the sanitary quality of coastal waters, and on the methods for their determination and interpretation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 7 . Review of the results of previous meetings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 8 . Analysis of results of the present exercise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 9. Future action and recamendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Annex 1 . Comparability of the membrane filtration culture (MF) and multiple test-tube (MPN) methods oE determining the concentration of total coliforms, faecal coliforms and faecal streptococci in seawater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Annex 2 . Organization of practical work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Annex 3 . Results of the intercalibration exerciae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Annex L . List of ~arfici~anta . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 I

 

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