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National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy : Meeting Everyones Needs

By The World Bank

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Book Id: WPLBN0000143658
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 3.6 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy : Meeting Everyones Needs  
Author: The World Bank
Language: English
Subject: Economics, Finance & business, World Bank.
Collections: Economics Publications Collection
Publication Date:
Publisher: The World Bank


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Bank, T. W. (n.d.). National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy : Meeting Everyones Needs. Retrieved from


This is the first volume of the National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy (NEEDS) working document. After two months of nationwide consultations and debates on the earlier draft document, it was substantially revised, as comments and contributions received from stakeholders and government officials were incorporated. The volume specifies the broad strategic thrusts, targets, and instruments of NEEDS, charting the overall direction of change, the destination, and how to get there. Volume II, the Implementation Guide, includes matrices of objectives, specific targets, implementation timelines, responsible agencies, and similar detail for each reform element described in this volume. Work is still ongoing on some technical aspects of the strategy, especially on costing the programme; developing nationally coordinated sectoral strategies for agriculture, the environment, health, education, water, and infrastructure; and streamlining and rationalizing implementation agencies and the coordination framework. The federal ministries responsible for these issues will collaborate with the National Planning Commission, with the respective state government ministries, and with relevant stakeholders to develop the national sectoral strategies and project plans. National sectoral councils will play a critical role in this process. The output of these sector-wide strategies will feed into the revisions of the NEEDS document. NEEDS provides a framework for a nationally coordinated programme of action by the federal, state, and local governments. Most of what is articulated here refers to actions by the federal government. However, with state and local governments controlling half of consolidated public sector spending, effective coordination among the tiers of government in the federation is key for success. Without state and local governments, federal programmes alone would amount to attempting to clap with one hand. The importance of coordination was recognized very early in the development of NEEDS. Through the statutory organs for intergovernmental coordination (the National Economic Council, the National Council for Development Planning, and the Joint Planning Board), state governments not only endorsed the thrusts of NEEDS but also committed to developing State Economic Empowerment and Development Strategies (SEEDS).


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