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World Health Organization Publication : Year 1994 ; Issue 9242544760 Planche 4 - in French: Water Quality Monitoring ; A Practical Guide to the Design and Implementation of Freshwater Quality Studies and Monitoring Programmes

By World Health Organization

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Book Id: WPLBN0000156671
Format Type: PDF eBook
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Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: World Health Organization Publication : Year 1994 ; Issue 9242544760 Planche 4 - in French: Water Quality Monitoring ; A Practical Guide to the Design and Implementation of Freshwater Quality Studies and Monitoring Programmes  
Author: World Health Organization
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
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Publisher: World Health Organization

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Organization, W. H. (n.d.). World Health Organization Publication : Year 1994 ; Issue 9242544760 Planche 4 - in French. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
The complex interconnectedness of freshwater systems demands that freshwater management be holistic (taking a catchment management approach) and based on a balanced consideration of the needs of people and the environment. The Mar del Plata Action Plan has already recognised the intrinsic linkage between water resource development projects and their significant physical, chemical, biological, health and socioeconomic repercussions” The approaches and methods for water quality monitoring described in this handbook are based upon the experience gained, over two decades, with the design and establishment of the global freshwater quality monitoring network, GEMS/WATER. The GEMS/WATER programme is co-sponsored by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Health Organization (WHO), together with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). One of the goals of GEMS/WATER is: “to strengthen national water quality monitoring networks in developing countries, including the improvement of analytical capabilities and data quality assurance”. This handbook supports this goal by providing a practical tool for use in water quality management by national and local agencies and departments dealing with water quality issues.

Table of Contents
Table of Contents FOREWORD ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Chapter 1 - INTRODUCTION 1.1 Elements of a water quality monitoring programme 1.2 Monitoring for management 1.3 Monitoring and assessment Chapter 2 - WATER QUALITY 2.1 Characteristics of surface waters 2.2 Characteristics of groundwater 2.3 Natural processes affecting water quality 2.4 Water use and water quality deterioration 2.5 Water and human health 2.6 Source literature and further reading Chapter 3 - DESIGNING A MONITORING PROGRAMME 3.1 Purpose of monitoring 3.2 The need for information for management 3.3 Objectives of water quality monitoring 3.4 Preliminary surveys 3.5 Description of the monitoring area 3.6 Selecting sampling sites 3.7 Selecting sampling stations 3.8 Monitoring media and variables 3.9 Frequency and timing of sampling 3.10 Source literature and further reading Chapter 4 - RESOURCES FOR A MONITORING PROGRAMME 4.1 Laboratory facilities 4.2 Transport 4.3 Staffing 4.4 Human resources development and training 4.5 Communication 4.6 Inventory of sampling stations 4.7 Schedules for sampling expeditions 4.8 Source literature and further reading Chapter 5 - FIELD WORK AND SAMPLING 5.1 Sample containers 5.2 Types of sample 5.3 Water samplers 5.4 Manual sampling procedures 5.5 Recording field observations 5.6 Sample preservation 5.7 Transportation and storage of samples 5.8 Reception of samples by the laboratory 5.9 Safety during field work 5.10 Source literature and further reading Chapter 6 - FIELD TESTING METHODS 6.1 Temperature 6.2 Transparency 6.3 pH 6.4 Conductivity (or specific conductance) 6.5 Dissolved oxygen 6.6 Thermotolerant (faecal) coliforms 6.7 Quality assurance in the field 6.8 Source literature and further reading Chapter 7 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL ANALYSES 7.1 Preparation and use of chemical reagents 7.2 Alkalinity 7.3 Aluminium 7.4 Biochemical oxygen demand 7.5 Chemical oxygen demand 7.6 Boron 7.7 Calcium 7.8 Chloride 7.9 Chlorophyll a 7.10 Fluoride 7.11 Iron 7.12 Magnesium 7.13 Manganese 7.14 Nitrogen, ammonia 7.15 Nitrogen, Kjeldahl 7.16 Nitrogen, nitrate 7.17 Nitrogen, nitrite 7.18 Phosphorus 7.19 Potassium 7.20 Selenium 7.21 Reactive silica 7.22 Sodium 7.23 Sulphate 7.24 Total dissolved solids 7.25 Total suspended solids 7.26 Source literature and further reading Chapter 8 - ADVANCED INSTRUMENTAL ANALYSIS 8.1 Atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) 8.2 Gas chromatography 8.3 Flame photometry 8.4 Total, organic and inorganic carbon 8.5 Source literature and further reading Chapter 9 - ANALYTICAL QUALITY ASSURANCE 9.1 Quality assurance 9.2 Internal quality control 9.3 External quality control 9.4 Source literature and further reading Chapter 10 - MICROBIOLOGICAL ANALYSES 10.1 Characteristics of indicator organisms 10.2 Selecting a bacteriological analytical technique 10.3 Multiple fermentation tube technique 10.4 Membrane filter technique 10.5 Quality assurance 10.6 Source literature and further reading Chapter 11 - BIOLOGICAL MONITORING 11.1 Selection of appropriate methods and organisms 11.2 Ecological methods 11.3 Measurement of chlorophyll a 11.4 Physiological techniques 11.5 Controlled biotests 11.6 Contaminants in biological tissues 11.7 Site selection and sampling frequency 11.8 Quality assurance 11.9 Source literature and further reading Chapter 12 - HYDROLOGICAL MEASUREMENTS 12.1 Rivers 12.2 Lakes and reservoirs 12.3 Mass flux computation 12.4 Groundwater 12.5 Source literature and further reading Chapter 13 - SEDIMENT MEASUREMENTS 13.1 Types of sediment transport 13.2 Sediment measurement 13.3 Sampling for sediment 13.4 Measuring suspended sediment 13.5 Sediment quality 13.6 Source literature and further reading Chapter 14 - USE AND REPORTING OF MONITORING DATA 14.1 Quality assurance of data 14.2 Data handling and management 14.3 Basic statistical analysis 14.4 Use of data and the need for supporting information 14.5 Simple graphical presenta

 

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