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World Health Organization Publication : Year 1997, 0419229108 - in English: Water Pollution Control ; A Guide to the Use of Water Quality Management Principles

By World Health Organization

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Book Id: WPLBN0000162650
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 4.0 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: World Health Organization Publication : Year 1997, 0419229108 - in English: Water Pollution Control ; A Guide to the Use of Water Quality Management Principles  
Author: World Health Organization
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization


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Organization, W. H. (n.d.). World Health Organization Publication : Year 1997, 0419229108 - in English. Retrieved from

Medical Reference Publication

Industrialised countries have extensive experience of the problems caused by water pollution and the strategies and technologies available to control it. In the developing world, although pollution is increasing rapidly with urbanisation and industrialisation, most countries have very limited experience of pollution control measures or of the institutional and legislative frameworks needed to make such measures effective. On the other hand, the Collaborative Council's developing country members have the specialist knowledge and skills with which to adapt the practices of the industrialised nations to their own circumstances. This synergy among members is at the heart of the Council's approach to sector issues. By mandating specialist working groups to seek out good practices, to analyse them and to reach agreement on the best way forward, the Council is able to give its members authoritative guidance and tools to help them face their own particular challenges.

Table of Contents
Table of Contents Foreword Acknowledgements Chapter 1 - Policy and Principles 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Policy framework 1.3 Guiding principles for water pollution control 1.4 Strategy formulation 1.5 References Chapter 2 - Water Quality Requirements 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Why water quality criteria and objectives? 2.3 Water quality criteria for individual use categories 2.4 Water quality objectives 2.5 Conclusions and recommendations 2.6 References Chapter 3 - Technology Selection 3.1 Integrating waste and water management 3.2 Wastewater origin, composition and significance 3.3 Wastewater management 3.4 Pollution prevention and minimisation 3.5 Sewage conveyance 3.6 Costs, operation and maintenance 3.7 Selection of technology 3.8 Conclusions and recommendations 3.9 References Chapter 4 - Wastewater as a Resource 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Types of reuse 4.3 Implementing or upgrading agricultural reuse systems 4.4 Technical aspects of health protection 4.5 Conclusions and recommendations 4.6 References Chapter 5 - Legal and Regulatory Instruments 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Inventories for pollution control 5.3 Derivation of standards for point sources 5.4 Regulation of point sources 5.5 Non-point source pollution 5.6 Groundwater protection 5.7 Transboundary pollution 5.8 Conclusions 5.9 References Chapter 6 - Economic Instruments 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Why use economic instruments? 6.3 Applying economic instruments 6.4 Choosing between instruments 6.5 Application in developing countries 6.6 Conclusions 6.7 References Chapter 7 - Financing Wastewater Management 7.1 Introduction 7.2 The challenges of urban sanitation 7.3 The financial challenges 7.4 Strategic planning and policies for sustainable sanitation services 7.5 Conclusions 7.6 References Chapter 8 - Institutional Arrangements 8.1 Introduction 8.2 The water pollution control sub-sector 8.3 Institutions and organisations 8.4 Criteria and determinants 8.5 Examples of institutional arrangements 8.6 Capacity building 8.7 Conclusions 8.8 References Chapter 9 - Information Systems 9.1 Introduction 9.2 The importance of integration 9.3 Specifying information needs 9.4 Information gathering and dissemination 9.5 From data to information tools 9.6 Design of monitoring networks and selection of variables 9.7 Monitoring technology 9.8 References Chapter 10 - Framework for Water Pollution Control 10.1 Introduction 10.2 Initial analysis of water quality problems 10.3 Establishing objectives for water pollution control 10.4 Management tools and instruments 10.5 Action plan for water pollution control 10.6 References Case Study I - The Ganga, India I.1 Introduction I.2 The Ganga river I.3 The Ganga Action Plan I.4 Implementation problems I.5 River water quality monitoring I.6 The future I.7 Conclusions and lessons learned I.8 Recommendations I.9 Source literature Case Study II - Shanghai Huangpu River, China II.1 Introduction II.2 Background information II.3 Institutional development and industrial pollution control II.4 Pollution control strategy for the Huangpu River II.5 Other major measures used in cleaning the Huangpu River II.6 Conclusions II.7 References Case Study III - The Pasig River, Philippines III.1 Country profile III.2 Basin identification III.3 Pre-intervention situation III.4 The intervention scenario III.5 Lessons learned, constraints and opportunities III.6 Conclusions and recommendations Case Study IV - Nigeria IV.1 Introduction IV.2 National environmental policy IV.3 Water resources management IV.4 Industrial water pollution control programme IV.5 Conclusions IV.6 References Case Study V - The Witbank Dam Catchment V.1 Introduction V.2 Background information V.3 The Witbank Dam catchment V.4 Pre-intervention situation V.5 Intervention with a new approach V.6 Shortcomings of the approach V.7 Conclusions V.8 References Case Study VI - The Upper TietĂȘ Basin, Brazil VI.1 Introduction VI.2 Th


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