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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2002 - Summary Mueasures of Population Health : Concepts, Ethics, Measurement and Applications, Chapter 4.1: Chapter 4.1 ; Health Expectancies ; An Overview and Critical Appraisal

By Colin D. Mathers

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Book Id: WPLBN0000163767
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.2 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: World Health Organization Publication : Year 2002 - Summary Mueasures of Population Health : Concepts, Ethics, Measurement and Applications, Chapter 4.1: Chapter 4.1 ; Health Expectancies ; An Overview and Critical Appraisal  
Author: Colin D. Mathers
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
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Publisher: World Health Organization

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Mathers, C. D. (n.d.). World Health Organization Publication : Year 2002 - Summary Mueasures of Population Health : Concepts, Ethics, Measurement and Applications, Chapter 4.1. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


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Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
Introduction In the last two decades, there has been a considerable international effort to develop summary measures of population health that integrate both mortality and non-fatal health outcomes, and international policy interest in such indicators is increasing. As a result, two major classes of summary measures have been developed: health expectancies, such as disability-free life expectancy; and health gaps, such as disability-adjusted life year (DALY). This chapter describes the concept of health expectancy, a taxonomy of the types of health expectancy and an overview of methods of calculation. Health expectancy is a generic term for all population indicators that estimate the average time (in years) that a person could expect to live in various states of health. Health expectancies may relate to defined states of health (breaking up the continuum of health into dichotomous or polychotomous states), or to equivalent years of good health (using health state valuations to calculate health-adjusted life expectancies, or disabilityadjusted life expectancies). The best known example of a dichotomous health expectancy is the disability-free life expectancy at birth. This measure estimates the average expected years of life “free of disability” for a newborn in a population, if current disability and mortality conditions continue to apply. The best known example of a health-adjusted life expectancy is healthy life expectancy (HALE) calculated for 191 countries by the World Health Organization for 1999 (WHO 2000) and 2000 (WHO 2001a). This measure estimates the average equivalent “healthy” expected years of life for a newborn in a population, if current disability and mortality conditions continue to apply.

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