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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 637: Parasiiic Zoonoses

By M. Abdussalam, Dr.

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Book Id: WPLBN0000166669
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 4.6 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
Full Text

Title: World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 637: Parasiiic Zoonoses  
Author: M. Abdussalam, Dr.
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

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Dr, M. A. (n.d.). World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 637. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
1. INTRODUCTION The Committee recognized the global importance of the parasitic zoonoses and the major impact they make on the health and the economy of many peoples. In providing a contemporary view of this group of diseases, the Committee brought up to date the relevant parts of the third report of the Joint FAOIWHO Expert Committee on Zoonoses ( I ) , reviewed several additional topics (including ecological considerations, improved methods of surveillance, and prevention and control in general) and examined other problems of specific parasitic zoonoses that had not been dealt with in the aforementioned report. In this connexion, the Committee considered that important arthropod and pentastomid parasites of vertebrate animals that infect man also merited extended treatment, because of their medical significance and common occurrence in warm climates and among impoverished populations. These are discussed in section 9 of the present report. Of particular value to this Committee were reports of special groups convened by WHO, alone or jointly with FAO, to consider research, practical control programmes, and other aspects of major parasitic zoonoses, such as echinococcosis (hydatidosis), taeniasis (cysticercosis), and diseases covered at present by the WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (see below). The WHO Expert Committee on Fish and Shellfish Hygiene (2) and that on Microbiological Aspects of Food Hygiene (3), both convened with the participation of FAO, dealt with parasitic diseases transmitted through food.

Table of Contents
CONTENTS Page 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2 . Socioeconomic aspects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3 . Factors influencing prevalence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3.1 Ecological considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3.2 Effects of human settlements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 3 . 3 Fluctuation in animal populations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 3 . 4 Human behaviour and food habits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 3.5 Environmental pollution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 4 . Principles of surveillance. prevention. control. and elimination . . . . . 19 4.1 Collection and dissemination of information . . . . . . . . . . 20 4 . 2 Application of immunological principles and methods . . . . . . . 23 4.3 Parasitic zoonoses transmitted by food . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 4 . 4 Prevention and control of parasitic zoonoses under different conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 4 . 5 Occupational hazards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 4 . 6 FAOIWHO cooperation with Member States . . . . . . . . . . 34 5. Protozoan infections . . . . . . . 5.1 Toxoplasmosis . . . . ' . . . 5 . 2 Sarcosporidiosis . . . . . . 5.3 Leishmaniasis . . . . . . . 5 . 4 African trypanosomiasis . . 5.5 American trypanosomiasis . . 5.6 Malaria . . . . . . . . . . 5.7 Pneumocystis carinii infection 5.8 Babesiosis . . . . . . . . . 5.9 Amoebiasis . . . . . . . . 5.10 Giardiasis . . . . . . . . 5.11 Balantidiasis . . . . . . . . 6 . Cestode infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 6.1 Echinococcosis (hydatidosis) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 6 . 2 Taeniasis (cysticercosis) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 6.3 Diphyllobothriasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 6 . 4 Sparganosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 7 . Trematode infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 7.1 Schistosomiasis (bilharziasis) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 7.2 Clonorchiasis and opisthorchiasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

 

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