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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2002 ; Issue 9219731854 Chapter 2: A Global Overview of the Epidemic

By World Health Organization

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Book Id: WPLBN0000168496
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.7 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: World Health Organization Publication : Year 2002 ; Issue 9219731854 Chapter 2: A Global Overview of the Epidemic  
Author: World Health Organization
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
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Publisher: World Health Organization

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Organization, W. H. (n.d.). World Health Organization Publication : Year 2002 ; Issue 9219731854 Chapter 2. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


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Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
A long haul ahead Circulating in southern Africa (where the epidemic is the most severe in the world) has been the hope that the epidemic may have reached its ‘natural limit’, beyond which it would not grow. Thus, it has been assumed that the very high HIV prevalence rates in some countries have reached a plateau. Unfortunately, this appears not to be the case, as yet. In Botswana, median HIV prevalence among pregnant women in urban areas already stood at 38.5% in 1997. In 2001, it had risen to 44.9%. Similar patterns are visible elsewhere. In Zimbabwe, HIV prevalence among pregnant women climbed from 29% in 1997 to 35% in 2000, while in Namibia it rose from 26% in 1998 to 29.6% in 2000, and in Swaziland from 30.3% to 32.3%, in the same period. If a natural HIV prevalence limit does exist in these countries, it is considerably higher than previously thought. Startling as these prevalence levels are, they do not reflect the actual risk of acquiring HIV. And prevalence rates are even higher in specific age groups. In Botswana, among 25–29-year-old women attending antenatal care in urban areas, 55.6% were living with HIV/AIDS in 2001. In Swaziland, the corresponding prevalence rate in 2000 was 33.9%, and in Zimbabwe it was 40.1%.

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