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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2002 ; Issue 9291732176: The Private Sector Responds to the Epidemic ; Debswana ; A Global Benchmark

By Joint United Nations Programme On Hiv/Aids

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Book Id: WPLBN0000169140
Format Type: PDF eBook
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Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: World Health Organization Publication : Year 2002 ; Issue 9291732176: The Private Sector Responds to the Epidemic ; Debswana ; A Global Benchmark  
Author: Joint United Nations Programme On Hiv/Aids
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
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Publisher: World Health Organization

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Nations Programme On Hiv/Aids, J. U. (n.d.). World Health Organization Publication : Year 2002 ; Issue 9291732176. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
HIV/AIDS in Botswana The fi rst AIDS case was diagnosed in Botswana in 1985, after which it took some years for the epidemic to become established. By 1991, there had been a total of only 178 AIDS cases reported. There were, however, worrying signs of HIV spread. Surveys of donated blood revealed that HIV prevalence was increasing in the population. In this non-representative group, HIV prevalence rose from 0.93% in 1987 to 3.35% in 1989 (Ministry of Health, Report on Botswana National AIDS Control Programme Review, November 1990). In 1990, the fi rst HIV sentinel surveillance of antenatal clinic attendees was undertaken in the capital Gaborone and in the Boteti rural area. HIV prevalence was 6% in Gaborone and 4.1% in Boteti (UNAIDS, Epidemiological Fact Sheet 2000 update, http://www.unaids.org/ hivaidsinfo/statistics/fact_sheets/pdfs/Botswana_en.pdf). In 1992, national sentinel surveillance studies were begun and have been conducted every year since. They are shown in Table 2. It should be noted that Gaborone and Francistown are the two main cities that have been sampled every year; however, sampling from a variety of other sites has been carried out periodically to give a better idea of what is going on across the country.

Table of Contents
Table of contents Preface 4 1. Introduction 5 HIV/AIDS in Botswana 5 The HIV/AIDS response 11 2. The Botswana economy 14 3. Debswana Diamond Company 17 4. The early years 18 AIDS education and awareness 18 Appointment of full-time AIDS Programme Coordinators 18 Development of a HIV/AIDS management policy 19 Prevalence study 19 Pre-investment testing 20 5. Institutional audit 21 Background 21 The institutional HIV/AIDS audit: a six-step process 22 Results of the audit 27 Data problems 30 Presenting the fi ndings 30 Recommendations to the Executive Committee 33 6. The lessons learned 34 Providing antiretroviral drugs 34 Contractor quality assurance 37 Process for identifying critical posts 37 The new HIV/AIDS strategy 40 Development of an AIDS-competence standard for managers 41 Development of a HIV/AIDS standard 42 7. An update of the 2001 survey 43 8. The way forward: what can other organizations and 45 companies learn from the Debswana experience? 9. References 48

 

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