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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2003 ; Issue 9241590831: The World Health Organization

By Vandana Mehra

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Book Id: WPLBN0000178293
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 1.7 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: World Health Organization Publication : Year 2003 ; Issue 9241590831: The World Health Organization  
Author: Vandana Mehra
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization


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Mehra, V. (n.d.). World Health Organization Publication : Year 2003 ; Issue 9241590831. Retrieved from

Medical Reference Publication

Established in 1948, with its headquarters at Geneva, the World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations. It is governed by the World Health Assembly, consisting of representatives from 192 Member States, which meets at least once a year. The Organization is headed by the Director-General, who is appointed by the Health Assembly on the nomination of the Executive Board. Six regional offices for Africa, the Eastern Mediterranean, South-East Asia, Europe, Western Pacific and the Americas have been established to further the purpose of WHO which is “the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health”. Their work is supported by technical committees which have enabled WHO to make notable strides in the eradication of diseases such as smallpox, polio, leprosy and guineaworm and the control of cholera, malaria and tuberculosis. WHO also deals with other global problems that directly impact on health; it has drafted and built consensus around important conventions concerning sanitary requirements and other measures for preventing the international spread of disease and has sponsored research on the problems of environmental pollution. WHO has always maintained that sanitation is literally the foundation on which a sound public health structure must be built. Over the last 50 years WHO has generated, evaluated and shared new knowledge on safe disposal of excreta, sewage and community waste and been at the forefront of exploring the linkages between environmental pollution and change, and people’s health and livelihoods. There is no doubt that people, especially poor people living in countries where basic infrastructure is lacking, are seriously affected by environmental degradation. In addition, the ongoing and deteriorating situation of sewerage causing environmental pollution needs urgent and serious attention.

Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1 Page 2 The Global Picture: Why action is needed to improve environmental sanitation Chapter 2 Page 5 WHO and Environmental Sanitation: A priority from the beginning Chapter 3 Page 8 Historical Developments: Planning and implementing sanitation systems around the globe Chapter 4 Page 13 Improved Sanitation = Better Health: Spreading the message through advocacy, supporting research, information dissemination Chapter 5 Page 18 Future Challenges


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