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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2004 ; Issue 9241591358: Indoor Smoke from Solid Fuels

By Manish A. Desai

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Book Id: WPLBN0000186106
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.7 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
Full Text

Title: World Health Organization Publication : Year 2004 ; Issue 9241591358: Indoor Smoke from Solid Fuels  
Author: Manish A. Desai
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

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Desai, M. A. (n.d.). World Health Organization Publication : Year 2004 ; Issue 9241591358. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
The disease burden of a population, and how that burden is distributed across different subpopulations (e.g. infants, women), are important pieces of information for defining strategies to improve population health. For policy-makers, disease burden estimates provide an indication of the health gains that could be achieved by targeted action against specific risk factors. The measures also allow policy-makers to prioritize actions and direct them to the population groups at highest risk. To help provide a reliable source of information for policymakers, WHO recently analysed 26 risk factors worldwide, including indoor smoke from solid fuels, in the World Health Report (WHO, 2002).

Table of Contents
Table of Contents Preface...................................................................................................................................v Affiliations and acknowledgements......................................................................................vi List of abbreviations .............................................................................................................vi Summary.............................................................................................................................vii 1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................1 1.1 Organization of the guide...........................................................................................1 1.2 Solid fuel use and indoor air pollution.......................................................................1 1.3 Other sources of indoor air pollution .........................................................................2 2 Summary of the method ....................................................................................................4 3 Estimates of relative risk ...................................................................................................7 3.1 Choice of health outcomes .........................................................................................7 3.2 Acute lower respiratory infections .............................................................................8 3.3 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ...................................................................10 3.4 Lung cancer (from exposure to coal smoke)............................................................10 3.5 Lung cancer (from exposure to biomass smoke) .....................................................11 3.6 Asthma .....................................................................................................................11 3.7 Cataracts...................................................................................................................12 3.8 Tuberculosis .............................................................................................................13 3.9 Other health outcomes..............................................................................................14 4 Estimates of exposure levels ...........................................................................................16 4.1 Choice of exposure variables ...................................................................................16 4.2 Ventilation coefficients ............................................................................................17 4.3 Surveys of household fuel use..................................................................................18 4.4 Examples of exposure levels....................................................................................19

 

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