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World Health Organization : Regioinal Office for Africa ; Year 1993 ; Africa Region, Diabetes, Issue 1 - in French: Seminaire Sous-Regional sur l’Epidemiologie et la Lutte Contre le Diabete Sucre dans les Communautes

By World Health Organization

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Book Id: WPLBN0000186819
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.5 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: World Health Organization : Regioinal Office for Africa ; Year 1993 ; Africa Region, Diabetes, Issue 1 - in French: Seminaire Sous-Regional sur l’Epidemiologie et la Lutte Contre le Diabete Sucre dans les Communautes  
Author: World Health Organization
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

Citation

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Organization, W. H. (n.d.). World Health Organization : Regioinal Office for Africa ; Year 1993 ; Africa Region, Diabetes, Issue 1 - in French. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
The change to new technology has undoubtedly brought with it enormous beneirts both to organizations that implement it and to individual users. In other instances, problems have arisen largely because of inadequate planning and implementation policies. including job redesign. poor design of equipment. and poor working environments. More particularly. the VDT has been rightly or wrongly blamed for health concerns ranging from mild headaches to perinatal mortality.

Table of Contents
CONTENTS T h e h e a l t h d e b a r e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Psychosocial f a c t o r s a t work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Health e f f e c t s of WTs: a model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Work demands i n VDT operation: an i l l u s t r a t i v e example . . . . . . . . 2 Work design and o r g a n i z a t i o n a l problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Workload and demand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Breakdowns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Task pacing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 System monitoring of user performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Deskilling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 I n d i v i d u a l d i f f e r e n c e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Approaches to s o l v i n g o r g a n i z a t i o n a l and j o b design i s s u e s . . . . . . 6 Management of change and user involvement i n t h e design process . . 7 Task a n a l y s i s and j o b design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Training and s k i l l enhancement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Work scheduling and r e s t pauses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 S h i f t length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Conclusions and recommcndarions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Appcndix 1 L i s t of reviewers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Appendix 2 P a r t i c i p a n t s at Review Meeting on t h e Psychosocial Impact of VDTs. Strestley-on-Thames. 22-24 September 1987 . . . . 12

 

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