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World Health Organization : Regioinal Office for Africa ; Year 1993 ; Africa Region, Education and Training, Issue 154: Oroanizacao Munidial Saude

By World Health Organization

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Book Id: WPLBN0000186832
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 1.1 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: World Health Organization : Regioinal Office for Africa ; Year 1993 ; Africa Region, Education and Training, Issue 154: Oroanizacao Munidial Saude  
Author: World Health Organization
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

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Organization, W. H. (n.d.). World Health Organization : Regioinal Office for Africa ; Year 1993 ; Africa Region, Education and Training, Issue 154. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
I. Introduction A planning meeting on development of epidemiological studies on health effects in infants associated with exposure to PCBs, dioxins and related compounds in human milk was organized in January 1986 in Geneva as a joint ' activity of the Commission of the European Communities, the World Health Organization (Regional Office for Europe, Maternal and Child Health unit of WHO headquarters) and the International Programne on Chemical Safety. The meeting reviewed current information on health benefits of breastfeeding, toxicological properties of PCBs, dioxins and related . compounds, and sources and levelseof exposure from different sources. It also discussed intake, assessment of exposure levels, factors potentially affecting toxicity and health effects in infants and children, current epidemiological studies as well as design of future epidemiological studies. The meeting concluded that breast-milk and breastfeeding have many well-proven and universally accepted advantages. Breast-milk alone provides for the complete energy, water and nutritional requirements of infants through the fourth month of life. It is unique in protecting the infant from infection. Breastfeeding establishes a social-biological bond between mother and infant which is important for the optimal psychosocial development of the infant. Furthermore, the stimulus of continued breastfeeding contributes to the natural delay of ovulation and subsequent risk of pregnancy. The 'recognition of the superiority of breast-milk and breastfeeding over breast-milk substitutes has led to the conclusion that the active support for programmes to protect and promote breastfeeding is a priority for all countries.

Table of Contents
CONTENTS Introduction ............................................................. 1 2. Scope and purpose ............... :..,. ................................. 2 3. Overview of-recent data on PCBs, PCDDs:and PCDFs ..... . . , . , . . , . . . . . . .2 General .:; ........................................ .':. ...... ;.. ... 2 3.2 Sources,of exposure and Levels in. human milk and other human, I : -. tissues of PCDDs and PCDFs ...................................... 3 3.3 Toxicity and health effects ..................................... 5 4. .. General'models for epidemiological studies and study populations ..... 6 5.Suggestionsf or. further-development of protocols for ep.idemiol~gi.cal~.~. studies ..............................................................7i . 5.1 Population identification ....................................... r 7 5.2 Identification of outcome variables ... L,................... .......-8. 5.3 Identification of the target group ...............................9. 5.4 Other suggestions for the study protocol ........................: 9 . . 6. Conclusions and recommendations ...................................... 10

 

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