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World Health Organization : Year 2005 ; World Health Organization, Hiv, Aids, Tuberculosis, And Malaria, Tuberculosis, No. 2005.351: Practical Approach to Lung Health (PAL)

By World Health Organization

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Book Id: WPLBN0000187288
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.8 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: World Health Organization : Year 2005 ; World Health Organization, Hiv, Aids, Tuberculosis, And Malaria, Tuberculosis, No. 2005.351: Practical Approach to Lung Health (PAL)  
Author: World Health Organization
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
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Publisher: World Health Organization

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Organization, W. H. (n.d.). World Health Organization : Year 2005 ; World Health Organization, Hiv, Aids, Tuberculosis, And Malaria, Tuberculosis, No. 2005.351. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
1. Introduction The objectives of the DOTS strategy to control tuberculosis (TB), as adopted by the World Health Assembly and endorsed by the Stop TB Partnership, are to cure at least 85% of the sputum smear-positive TB cases put on anti-TB treatment and to detect at least 70% of the estimated new sputum smear-positive TB cases worldwide. These objectives are a prerequisite to halve TB prevalence and deaths from TB in order to halt and begin to reverse the incidence of TB by 2015, as formulated in the United Nations Millennium Development Goals.

Table of Contents
CONTENTS 1. Introduction ........................................................................................................1 2. Burden of respiratory illnesses..........................................................................2 3. Objectives of PAL...............................................................................................3 3.1 Epidemiological objectives ..............................................................................4 3.2 Quality care objectives ..................................................................................... 4 3.3 Managerial objectives.......................................................................................4 3.4 Cost-effectiveness objectives ...........................................................................5 4. PAL adaptation...................................................................................................5 5. Standardization of clinical care.........................................................................6 6. Coordination .......................................................................................................9 7. PAL perspectives ..............................................................................................10 7.1 PAL strategy and TB control.......................................................................... 10 7.2 PAL strategy and respiratory care services .................................................... 11 7.3 PAL strategy and district health systems........................................................ 11 8. Conclusion .........................................................................................................12 Table 1. Mortality from respiratory diseases, all ages, by country mortality stratum (estimates for 2002)....................................................................................... 13 Figure 1. Proportion of patients, aged five years and over, with respiratory symptoms in primary health care facilities with medical officers.............................. 14 Table 2. Distribution, in percentage of DALYs, of respiratory diseases’ burden in the population aged 15 years and over, by epidemiological profile and socioeconomic status of countries, 2000 .................................................................... 14 Table 3. Impact of the Practical Approach to Lung Health (PAL) on drug prescription in Kyrgyzstan and Morocco ................................................................... 15

 

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