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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2005 ; Issue 924156296X, Section T-Z - in English: Tajikistan

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Book Id: WPLBN0000199489
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 1.8 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: World Health Organization Publication : Year 2005 ; Issue 924156296X, Section T-Z - in English: Tajikistan  
Author: World Health Organization
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
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Publisher: World Health Organization

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Organization, W. H. (n.d.). World Health Organization Publication : Year 2005 ; Issue 924156296X, Section T-Z - in English. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


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Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
GENERAL INFORMATION Tajikistan is a country with an approximate area of 143 thousand sq. km. (UNO, 2001). Its population is 6.297 million, and the sex ratio (men per hundred women) is 99 (UNO, 2004). The proportion of population under the age of 15 years is 35% (UNO, 2004), and the proportion of population above the age of 60 years is 7% (WHO, 2004). The literacy rate is 99.7% for men and 99.3% for women (UNESCO/MoH, 2004). The country is a low income group country (based on World Bank 2004 criteria). The proportion of health budget to GDP is 3.3%. The per capita total expenditure on health is 43 international $, and the per capita government expenditure on health is 12 international $ (WHO, 2004). The main language(s) used in the country is (are) Tajik. The largest ethnic group(s) is (are) Tajik, and the other ethnic group(s) are (is) Uzbek. The largest religious group(s) is (are) Sunni Muslim (five-sixths). The life expectancy at birth is 61 years for males and 66.5 years for females (WHO, 2004). The healthy life expectancy at birth is 53 years for males and 56 years for females (WHO, 2004). EPIDEMIOLOGY There is a paucity of epidemiological data on mental illnesses in Tajikistan in internationally accessible literature. Bochkov et al (1971) conducted a clinico-genealogical investigation of the population of some small villages and found olygophrenia (0.4%), epilepsy (0.5%) and schizophrenia (0.7%) in the population. These indices did not differ significantly from those for other regions of the erstwhile USSR. There was an absence of genetic forms of olygophrenia. Services data (MoH, 2004) suggest lower figures for these conditions (0.3%, 0.4% and 0.6%, respectively) as expected because some patients may not come in contact with treatment services. Wasserman et al (1998) reported on the changing pattern of suicide across different countries that were a part of erstwhile USSR between 1984-90 prior to its break-up. Suicide rates varied greatly between different regions. It was 11.8 per 100 000 in Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kirgizia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan). Correspondence between the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Ministry of Health suggest that the suicide rate in Tajikistan has recently increased up to 19.9 per 100 000, perhaps due to the civil war and the resultant devastation, increase in unemployment, domestic violence, etc.

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