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World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 1987 ; Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 1987, 62Nd Year, Pages 345-352, (N.C.B. Section, 46): Weekly Epidemiological Record Releve Epidemiologique Hebdomadaire

By World Health Organization

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Book Id: WPLBN0000200093
Format Type: PDF eBook
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Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 1987 ; Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 1987, 62Nd Year, Pages 345-352, (N.C.B. Section, 46): Weekly Epidemiological Record Releve Epidemiologique Hebdomadaire  
Author: World Health Organization
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

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Organization, W. H. (n.d.). World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 1987 ; Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 1987, 62Nd Year, Pages 345-352, (N.C.B. Section, 46). Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
A dangerous practlce has slipped into common use, particularly in developing countries: changng needles but using the same synnge for several consecutive injections. This review summarizes the evidence that changng needles does not eliminate the risk of cross infection. The WHO Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) recommends that a sterile needle and sterile synnge be utllized for each injection.' Hepatius outbreak investigations begimlng m the 1940s first raised the spectre of hepatills transmission by contaminated synnges. These epidemics were characterized by their clear demonstration of a distinct rzlationshlp between the time of disease onset and exposure to re-used syringes, consistent with the presently well-defined incubation periods for viral hepatitis. In none of the reported epidemics was evldence found of secondary spread, the presence of which would have argued in favour of another mode of epldemic transmission. It seems most likely today that these outbreaks were attributable to both hepatitis B, and non-A, non-B hepatltls viruses.

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