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World Health Organization : Year 1988 ; World Health Organization Pep 88.13: Emissions, Environmental Transport, and Dose-Response Models ; Information for Developing Guidelines for Case Study Teams

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Book Id: WPLBN0000204906
Format Type: PDF eBook
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Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: World Health Organization : Year 1988 ; World Health Organization Pep 88.13: Emissions, Environmental Transport, and Dose-Response Models ; Information for Developing Guidelines for Case Study Teams  
Author: World Health Organization
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
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Publisher: World Health Organization

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Organization, W. H. (n.d.). World Health Organization : Year 1988 ; World Health Organization Pep 88.13. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


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Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
1 INTRODUCTION Industrial development is essential for improving the standard of living in all countries. K inevitably includcs building and operating mines, refinerics, electricity generating stations and other l a r ~ complexes. These activities can affect the environment and human health adversely. In the past, effort, these risks, if considered at all, were done piecemeal or on a plant-by-plant basis. There is now awareness that it is necessary to identify and assess risks of energy and other complex industrial acti early stage so that they can be managed and so scarce resources can be deployed to facilitate effectiv development. Work is needed to develop, test and demonstrate techniques necessary for an integrated approach to risk assessment and management. It is already clear that such an approach is promising an pursued without delay, especially in rapidly industrializing areas.

Table of Contents
I Introduction. .............................................................................................................................................2. ................ 2 Em~. ss. lon.s. ........................................................................................... 2.1 Scope .............................. ..................... ........... .............................. 2.2 Pollutant ldentlflcatton ..... ....... .......... . ..................................................................................................3.. .... 2.3 Pollutant Coefficient Estlmatlon ...............................................................................................................3. 2.4 Other Consideration ..........................................3.. 3 7-mnsport. ..............................................................................................................................................4. ................... 33..21 AGetmneorsapl hTeyr.p~ ecDs i.os fp eMrsoiodnel sM ..o..d..e..l.s. ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................55.... ........... . 3.2.1 Plume or Cloud Formation Models .......................................................................................... 5 3.2.2 Ilcavy Gas Models .....................................................................................................................6.. ..... 3.2.3 Simple Gaussian Plume Models ..................,... .. .......................................................................6.. 3.2.4 . Co. mplex Gaussian Plume Models ....................................................................................6.. ....... 3.3 Aquat~cD ispersion Models ......................................................................................................................6.. ..... 3.3.1 Surface Models .....................................................................................................................6.. ........... 3.3.2 Subsurface Models .......................................................................................................................7. .... 3.3.3 Consequence Evaluation ............................................................................................................... 7 3.4 Food-Chain Models ............................................................................................................................7. ............ 4 Dose-Response ..........................................................................................................................................7.. ............. 4.1 Guidelines on Availability and Selection of Data and Models ................................................................. 8 4.1.1 Conventional and Nonconventional Pollutants .........................................................................8. ..... 4.1.2 Routine and Accidental Exposures. .........................................................................................8.. ..... 4.1.3 Air, Water, Solid Waste, Multi-media and Complex Mixtures ................................................... 8 4.1.4 Threshold a. nd .N on-Threshold ......... .. .................................................................................9.. ...... 4.1.5 Pharrnacokrnet~cs. ......................................................................................................................9.. ..... 4.1.6 Population at Risk ...............................................................................................................9.. ........... 4.1.7 Individual Exposures ...................... .. ...................................................................................9. .... 4.1.8 Uncertainty .........

 

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