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World Health Organization : Year 2001 ; World Health Organization, Noncommunicable Disease and Mental Health, Injuries and Violence Prevention Department, No. 01.1: Small Arms and Global Health World Health Organization Contribution to the UN Conference on Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons July 9–20, 2001

By Andres Villaveces, Dr., Étienne Krug, Dr., And Alex Butchart, Dr.

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Book Id: WPLBN0000205488
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.4 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: World Health Organization : Year 2001 ; World Health Organization, Noncommunicable Disease and Mental Health, Injuries and Violence Prevention Department, No. 01.1: Small Arms and Global Health World Health Organization Contribution to the UN Conference on Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons July 9–20, 2001  
Author: Andres Villaveces, Dr., Étienne Krug, Dr., And Alex Butchart, Dr.
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Dr., Étienne Krug, Dr., And Alex Butchart, Dr, A. V. (n.d.). World Health Organization : Year 2001 ; World Health Organization, Noncommunicable Disease and Mental Health, Injuries and Violence Prevention Department, No. 01.1. Retrieved from http://hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
Introduction The term “small arms and light weapons” is often taken to mean all types of firearms, from handguns to shot guns and assault rifles. More specifically, however, the term refers to “any weapon that can be carried or transported and managed by a single person” and as such also includes hand grenades, land mines and even small surface to air missile launchers. In the past few years, firearms-related death and injury have been called everything from a “scourge” (1) to an “epidemic” (2), a “disease” (3) and a “preventable global health problem” (4). The biological analogies are not accidental or far-fetched. Among people aged 15–44 years, interpersonal violence and suicide rank third and fourth, respectively among the world’s leading causes of ill-health and premature mortality, while war-related injuries rank sixth (5). A large proportion of these occur through the use of firearms.

Table of Contents
Table of contents Introduction .............................................................................................................1 1. Death and injury: the numbers. ..............................................................................2 The burden of violent death .......................................................................................2 2. Who dies? Who is injured?.....................................................................................5 The rich and poor die differently ................................................................................5 Firearm deaths in cities..............................................................................................6 Which age groups and gender are most affected?.....................................................6 Youth and firearms:driving the epidemic....................................................................7 3. Longer-term health consequences ........................................................................9 Long-term disability ...................................................................................................9 Mental health.............................................................................................................9 Social consequences...............................................................................................10 4. Risk Factors...........................................................................................................11 Factors that influence the use of small arms............................................................11 Factors that influence interpersonal violence ...........................................................12 Factors that influence suicidal behaviour .................................................................12 Factors that influence collective violence.................................................................13 5. Calculating the cost ..............................................................................................14 Costs to individuals and families..............................................................................14 Costs to health systems...........................................................................................14 Costs to the wider community..................................................................................15 6. Roles for the public health sector ........................................................................16 Providing care .........................................................................................................16 Surveillance.............................................................................................................16 Policy and programme design .................................................................................17 Advocacy.................................................................................................................17 7. Prevention: public health par excellence.............................................................19 Prevention strategies for specific groups .................................................................19 Multiple component prevention programmes ...........................................................19 Tackling the underlying social causes......................................................................20 Documenting effective practices ..............................................................................20 8. Some current projects...........................................................................................21 Multinational study of small arms and health ...........................................................21 Improving surveillance...................................................................................

 

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